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Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Erste Abteilung Originale. Reihe A: Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Parasitologie

[Significance of the antibacterial agent assay of urine for bacteriological diagnosis and control of chemotherapy of urinary tract infections (author's transl)].


PMID 807057

Abstract

The disc agar-diffusion-test using Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6051 as test organism is a simple and rapid method for routine testing of antibacterial agents in urine specimens. The test records urine levels which are expected under medium dosage, and in many cases even lower concentrations of renal excreted antibiotics. Out of 5655 analysed urine samples 22% contain antibacterial substances. In urine specimens over which information was volunteered that either no chemotherapy had been administered or that more than a three day's interval free of therapy existed, inhibitory substances are found in 8% and 27% respectively. Urine specimens which are supposedly collected from patients under current chemotherapy do not show therapeutic relevant antibiotic levels in 26%. Between urine specimens with and without antibacterial activity there is no significant difference in the incidence of viable counts of 10-4-10-5/ml and 10-5/ml. From urine samples with antibacterial content increases in the numbers of multiple resistant strains of E. coli, Proteus spp., Pseudom. aerug. and Enterobacter spp. together with high numbers of Candida spp. are observed.