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Neuropharmacology

Pharmacological characterization of MCCG and MAP4 at the mGluR1b, mGluR2 and mGluR4a human metabotropic glutamate receptor subtypes.


PMID 8532159

Abstract

The two reported metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) antagonists, alpha-methyl-cyclopropyl glycine (MCCG) and alpha-methyl-aminophosphonobutyrate (MAP4) were tested on the mGluR1b, mGluR2 and mGluR4a subtypes of human mGluRs. Neither MCCG (500 microM) nor MAP4 (500 microM) antagonized the activation of mGluR1b by 10 microM quisqualate. MCCG was found to potently antagonize the action of 30 microM (1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid [(1S,3R)-ACPD] at mGluR2 (IC50 = 87.5 microM; apparent Kd = 25 microM) but did not block the action of 1 microM S-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid at mGluR4a (IC50 > 1 mM). MAP4 was found to be a weak antagonist or partial agonist at mGluR4a (IC50 > 500 microM) and, less potently, also antagonized the action of 30 microM (1S,3R)-ACPD) at mGluR2 (IC50 approximately 2 mM).

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