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Biochemical pharmacology

Inhibition of a medium chain acyl-CoA synthetase involved in glycine conjugation by carboxylic acids.


PMID 8937481

Abstract

Molecular characteristics of carboxylic acids were investigated for the ability to inhibit a purified medium chain acyl-CoA synthetase, using hexanoic acid as a substrate. Salicylic acid, 4-methylsalicylic acid, 2-hydroxynaphtoic acid, and 2-hydroxyoctanoic acid, which do not act as substrates for the medium chain acyl-CoA synthetase, were potent as inhibitors. Valproic acid was not an inhibitor. Salicylic acid, 2-hydroxynaphthoic acid, and 2-hydroxyoctanoic acid inhibited the medium chain acyl-CoA synthetase with Ki values of 37, 5.2, and 500 microM, respectively. 4-Methylsalicylic acid was more potent than salicylic acid. The inhibitory carboxylic acids were competitive with respect to hexanoic acid. The distance of the hydroxyl group from the carboxylic acid group of the benzene ring influenced the inhibitory activity. The hydroxyl group on the carbon adjacent to the carboxylic acid group was required for inhibitory activity. In addition, there was a good correlation between the lipophilicity of the carboxylic acids and the Ki values, suggesting that the lipophilicity of the carboxylic acids is a major determinant for inhibition of the medium chain acyl-CoA synthetase.

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