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Anesthesia and analgesia

A modified thromboelastographic method for monitoring c7E3 Fab in heparinized patients.


PMID 8988995

Abstract

The monoclonal antibody, c7E3 Fab, binds to the platelet surface fibrinogen receptor (GPIIb/IIIa), inhibiting platelet aggregation and clot retraction. We performed an in vitro study to assess the ability of a modification of the thromboelastograph (MTEG) to detect inhibition of clot strength by c7E3 Fab and its reversal with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). In the modified assay (MTEG), thrombin was added to whole blood (WB) and platelet-poor plasma (PPP) and the resultant maximum amplitude (MA) was measured, MAWB and MAPPP, respectively. Anticoagulated blood samples from 17 patients scheduled for cardiac surgery were collected for a dose response (Part I; n = 5) and c7E3 Fab reversal (Part II; n = 12) study. Clot strength was reduced in a dose-dependent manner by c7E3 Fab. Ecteola cellulose effectively reversed the effect of heparin on the thrombin time and the addition of PRP significantly increased the MAWB (P < 0.0001) and MAWP-PPP (P < 0.0001). Subtracting the MAPPP from MAWB significantly magnified the response of MA to the addition of c7E3 Fab (P = 0.002) and its reversal with PRP (P = 0.005). This in vitro study indicates that the MTEG is a responsive assay demonstrating that inhibition by the antiplatelet c7E3 Fab is reversible with PRP.

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E9251
Ecteola Cellulose, coarse