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Localization and pharmacological characterization of somatostatin sst2 sites in the rat cerebellum.


PMID 9053731

Abstract

Radioligand binding studies were performed in membranes of rat cerebellum using [125I]-[Tyr3]octreotide ([125I]204-090) to characterize the nature of cerebellar somatostatin receptors. Saturation experiments suggest the presence of a single class of binding sites with high affinity, pKd = 9.53 +/- 0.11, but low receptor density, Bmax = 12.7 +/- 1.0 fmol/mg protein. The pharmacological profile of [125I]204-090 sites in cerebellar membranes was established using a range of ligands known to interact with SSTR-2 (now called sst2) and other somatostatin (SRIF) receptors. SRIF analogues such as octreotide (SMS 201-995), seglitide (MK 678) and somatuline (BIM 23014) displayed very high affinity for cerebellar [125I]204-090 binding sites. The data were compared to results obtained using the same ligand in rat cerebral cortex membranes known to represent sst2 binding. The pharmacological characteristics of the cerebellar sites were in close correlation with those of the cerebral cortex (r = 0.976, n = 19, p < 0.001) and CHO-cells expressing human recombinant sst2 receptor (r = 0.977, n = 19, p < 0.001). By contrast, there was very little correlation between cerebellar binding and published affinities for rat sst5 receptors (r = 0.465), for which octreotide has also high affinity. In vitro autoradiographic studies performed in cerebellar slices using [125I]204-090 demonstrated the presence of binding sites in the molecular layer of the rat cerebellum. In situ hybridization studies using sst2 receptor mRNA selective oligoprobes confirmed the presence of sst2 receptor mRNA in the rat cerebellum. Together, the present data demonstrate the presence of a low density of SRIF receptors in the molecular layer of the adult rat cerebellum which are best characterized as sst2. This is the first pharmacological characterization and localization of sst2 receptors in the adult rat cerebellum.