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Immunogenetics

Functional expression of a cattle MHC class II DR-like antigen on mouse L cells.


PMID 9110933

Abstract

Cattle DRA and DRB genes, cloned by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, were transfected into mouse L cells. The cattle DR-expressing L-cell transfectant generated was analyzed serologically, biochemically, and functionally. Sequence analysis of the transfected DRB gene clearly showed showed that it was DRB3 allele DRB3(*)0101 , which corresponds to the 1D-IEF-determined allele DRBF3. 1D-IEF analysis of the transfectant confirmed that the expressed DR product was DRBF3. Functional integrity of the transfected gene products was demonstrated by the ability of the transfectant cell line to present two antigens (the foot-and-mouth disease virus-derived peptide FMDV15, and ovalbumin) to antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells from both the original animal used to obtain the genes, and also from an unrelated DRBF3(+) heterozygous animal. Such transfectants will be invaluable tools, allowing us to dissect the precise contributions each locus product makes to the overall immune response in heterozygous animals, information essential for rational vaccine design.

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