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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Adenosine A3 receptor agonists protect HL-60 and U-937 cells from apoptosis induced by A3 antagonists.


PMID 9125172

Abstract

The effects of novel, selective adenosine (ADO) A3 receptor antagonists of diverse structure on cells of the human HL-60 leukemia and U-937 lymphoma cell lines were examined. Both 3-ethyl 5-benzyl 2-methyl-6-phenyl-4-phenylethynyl-1,4-(+/-)-dihydropyridine-3, 5-dicarboxylate (MRS 1191, 0.5 microM) and 6-carboxy-methyl-5, 9-dihydro-9-methyl-2-phenyl-[1,2,4]-triazolo [5,1-a][2,7]naphthyridine (L-249313, 0.5 microM) induced apoptotic cell death and expression of bak protein. Low concentrations of the A3 receptor agonist 2-chloro-N6-(3-iodobenzyl)adenosine-5'-N-methyluronamide (Cl-IB-MECA, 10 nM or 1 microM) protected against antagonist-induced cell death. At concentrations > or = 10 microM, the agonist alone produced apoptosis and bak expression in various cell lines. It is suggested that there exists a tonic low level of A3 receptor activation, possibly induced by release of endogenous adenosine, that results in cell protection.

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