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Analytical biochemistry

Oligosaccharide characterization and quantitation using 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone derivatization and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.


PMID 9177725

Abstract

The 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (PMP) derivatives of monosaccharides, maltooligosaccharides, and oligosaccharides enzymatically released from asparagine-linked sites in ribonuclease B and fetuin have been investigated using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Use of the matrix 2,6-dihydroxyacetophenone containing diammonium hydrogen citrate (DHAP/DAHC) resulted in predominance of protonated over sodiated pseudomolecular ions of PMP-derivatized oligosaccharides. By comparison, the matrices alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid resulted in predominantly sodiated pseudomolecular ions. In addition, tendencies for fragmentation of PMP-oligosaccharide derivatives were significantly lower with DHAP/DAHC which enabled meaningful data to be obtained in reflector mode, even for samples with high excipient levels. The relative magnitude of the ion signals for PMP-derivatized maltooligosaccharides and ribonuclease B oligosaccharides correlated well with the oligomer distribution apparent by HPLC. PMP-maltohexose was used as an internal standard to quantitate PMP-oligosaccharides from ribonuclease B and asialofetuin in crude derivatization mixtures. A linear relationship was observed between the ratio of the intensities of pseudomolecualr ions and the amount of glycoprotein derivatized. The limit of detection for the major oligosaccharide of each protein was reached with ca. 3 micrograms of glycoprotein but may be further enhanced by optimization of sample handling. PMP derivatives of sialylated fetuin oligosaccharides were readily detected as protonated pseudomolecular ions by linear mode analyses. By comparison, reflector mode analyses revealed substantially reduced magnitudes of protonated pseudomolecular ions and considerable post-source fragmentation of sialic acid residues. The PMP derivatives of fetuin oligosaccharides were also amenable to exoglycosidase treatment as shown by the mass shifts found upon treatment with sialidase.

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37468
2′,6′-Dihydroxyacetophenone, matrix substance for MALDI-MS, ≥99.5%
C8H8O3