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The Journal of biological chemistry

Isolation and characterization of a novel coactivator protein, NCoA-62, involved in vitamin D-mediated transcription.


PMID 9632709

Abstract

The vitamin D receptor (VDR) forms a heterodimeric complex with retinoid X receptor (RXR) and binds to vitamin D-responsive promoter elements to regulate the transcription of specific genes or gene networks. The precise mechanism of transcriptional regulation by the VDR.RXR heterodimer is not well understood, but it may involve interactions of VDR.RXR with transcriptional coactivator or corepressor proteins. Here, a yeast two-hybrid strategy was used to isolate proteins that selectively interacted with VDR and other nuclear receptors. One cDNA clone designated NCoA-62, encoded a 62, 000-Da protein that is highly related to BX42, a Drosophila melanogaster nuclear protein involved in ecdysone-stimulated gene expression. Yeast two-hybrid studies and in vitro protein-protein interaction assays using glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins demonstrated that NCoA-62 formed a direct protein-protein contact with the ligand binding domain of VDR. Coexpression of NCoA-62 in a vitamin D-responsive transient gene expression system augmented 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-activated transcription, but it had little or no effect on basal transcription or gal4-VP16-activated transcription. NCoA-62 also interacted with retinoid receptors, and its expression enhanced retinoic acid-, estrogen-, and glucocorticoid-mediated gene expression. These data indicate that NCoA-62 may be classified into an emerging set of transcriptional coactivator proteins that function to facilitate vitamin D- and other nuclear receptor-mediated transcriptional pathways.