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Fundamental & clinical pharmacology

Moxisylyte: a review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and its therapeutic use in impotence.


PMID 9711459

Abstract

Moxisylyte is a competitive noradrenaline antagonist, acting preferentially on post-synaptic alpha-1 adrenoceptors. It was introduced more than thirty years ago for the treatment of cerebro-vascular disorders and shown more recently effective in the urological field due to its ability to modulate the urethral pressure. Renewal of interest in this drug has been observed in recent years since the demonstration of the possibilities of vasoactive drugs in evaluation and treatment of erectile dysfunctions. Moxisylyte is a prodrug, rapidly transformed into an active metabolite in plasma (Deacetylmoxisylyte or DAM). Elimination of the active metabolite occurs by N-demethylation, sulpho- and glucuroconjugation. The N-demethylated metabolite is sulphoconjugated only. Urine is the main route of excretion. The metabolites of moxisylyte can be determined in biological fluids by various methods using high-performance liquid chromatography. Their pharmacokinetics is dependent on the route of administration. By the oral route, the concentrations of the active metabolite are low, and the glucuroconide of DAM predominates over the sulphates. After intravenous and intracavernous injection, the active metabolite is proportionally higher, the two sulphates are equivalent and in larger amounts than the glucuronide. In the treatment of impotence, intracavernous injection of moxisylyte at 10, 20 or 30 mg can induce an erection adequate for intercourse in most of the patients. Compared to inducing agents such as papaverine and prostaglandin E1, moxisylyte must be considered as a facilitator of male erection, its interest lying in the low rate of adverse effects, either general or local.

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M5154
Moxisylyte hydrochloride, >99% (TLC), powder
C16H25NO3 · HCl