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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Histatin 5 is a substrate and not an inhibitor of the Arg- and Lys-specific proteinases of Porphyromonas gingivalis.


PMID 9753656

Abstract

The salivary peptide histatin 5 has been reported to be an inhibitor of the Arg- and Lys-specific proteinases of Porphyromonas gingivalis, an oral pathogen associated with periodontitis. In this study a purified P. gingivalis proteinase preparation consisting of a complex of the Arg- and Lys-specific proteinases and adhesins was assayed using chromogenic substrates in the presence of histatin 5. Histatin 5 produced a concentration-dependent decrease in the initial rate of hydrolysis of the chromogenic substrates by both proteinases. However, pre-incubation of histatin 5 with the purified proteinase preparation or a P. gingivalis cell sonicate for 10 min prior to assay with the chromogenic substrates showed that under these conditions the salivary peptide did not decrease the initial rate of chromogen release. Mass spectrometric analysis revealed rapid degradation of histatin 5 at all four lysyl and all three arginyl residues by the P. gingivalis proteinases. This study demonstrates that histatin 5 is a substrate for the P. gingivalis extracellular Arg- and Lys-specific cysteine proteinases and not an inhibitor.

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