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223190 Aldrich

γ-Terpinene

97%

Synonym: 1-Isopropyl-4-methyl-1,4-cyclohexadiene, p-Mentha-1,4-diene, gamma-Terpinene

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Description

Packaging

5, 100 mL in glass bottle

General description

γ-Terpinene, volatile essential oil derived from Melaleuca alternifolia, shows antimicrobial properties against various human pathogens1. It is also extracted from Lippia multiflora. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities of γ-terpinene is studied2.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. 223190.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Hazard Codes (Europe) 
Xi
Risk Statements (Europe) 
Safety Statements (Europe) 
26-36
RIDADR 
UN 2319 3 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
OS8070000
Flash Point(F) 
122 °F
Flash Point(C) 
50 °C

Protocols & Articles

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

Set your institution to view full text papers.

1. In vitro genotoxicity of Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil in human lymphocytes. Pereira TS, de Sant'anna JR, Silva EL, et al. J. Ethnopharmacol. 151(2), 852-7, (2014)

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2. Chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities of essential oils of plants from burkina faso. Bayala B, Bassole IH, Gnoula C, et al. PLoS ONE 9(3), e92122, (2014)

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α-Terpinene, an antioxidant in tea tree oil, autoxidizes rapidly to skin allergens on air exposure. Rudbäck J, Bergström MA, Börje A, et al. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 25(3), 713-21, (2012)

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Volatile constituents of Murraya koenigii fresh leaves using headspace solid phase microextraction--gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Sukkaew S, Pripdeevech P, Thongpoon C, et al. Nat. Prod. Commun. 9(12), 1783-6, (2014)

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The chemical composition and the content of volatile oil: potential factors that can contribute to the oxidative stability of Nigella sativa L. crude oil. Edris AE J. Diet. Suppl. 8(1), 34-42, (2011)

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[Extraction and analysis of chemical components of essential oil in Thymus vulgaris of tissue culture]. Li XD, Yang L, Xu SQ, et al. Zhong Yao Cai 34(10), 1544-8, (2011)

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[Analysis of the constituents of volatile oil from Fructus Auranti Immaturus by GC-MS]. Yuan WB, Wu QD, and Wu XR Zhong Yao Cai 34(7), 1067-9, (2011)

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Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oil from Cicuta virosa L. var. latisecta Celak. Tian J, Ban X, Zeng H, et al. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 145(2-3), 464-70, (2011)

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Olfaction shapes host-parasite interactions in parasitic nematodes. Dillman AR, Guillermin ML, Lee JH, et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(35), E2324-33, (2012)

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Solid phase microextraction, mass spectrometry and metabolomic approaches for detection of potential urinary cancer biomarkers--a powerful strategy for breast cancer diagnosis. Silva CL, Passos M, and Câmara JS Talanta 89, 360-8, (2012)

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Volatile aroma components and antioxidant activities of the flavedo peel extract of unripe Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata). Asikin Y, Taira I, Inafuku S, et al. J. Food Sci. 77(4), C469-75, (2012)

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Essential oils and fatty acids composition of Tunisian and Indian cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seeds: a comparative study. Bettaieb I, Bourgou S, Sriti J, et al. J. Sci. Food Agric. 91(11), 2100-7, (2011)

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Distribution of primary and specialized metabolites in Nigella sativa seeds, a spice with vast traditional and historical uses. Botnick I, Xue W, Bar E, et al. Molecules 17(9), 10159-77, (2012)

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Chemical investigation of the essential oil of Thymus linearis (Benth. ex Benth) from western Himalaya, India. Verma RS, Padalia RC, Chanotiya CS, et al. Nat. Prod. Res. 24(20), 1890-6, (2010)

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Chemical composition and antimicrobial effects of essential oils of Eucalyptus globulus, Myrtus communis and Satureja hortensis against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Staphylococcus aureus in minced beef. Djenane D, Yangüela J, Amrouche T, et al. Food Sci. Technol. Int. 17(6), 505-15, (2011)

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In vitro anthelmintic activity of the essential oils of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides and Newbouldia laevis against Strongyloides ratti. Olounladé PA, Azando EV, Hounzangbé-Adoté MS, et al. Parasitol. Res. 110(4), 1427-33, (2012)

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Comparative matrix isolation infrared spectroscopy study of 1,3- and 1,4-diene monoterpenes (α-phellandrene and γ-terpinene). Marzec KM, Reva I, Fausto R, et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 115(17), 4342-53, (2011)

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Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oils of Satureja thymbra growing wild in Libya. Giweli A, Džamić AM, Soković M, et al. Molecules 17(5), 4836-50, (2012)

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Volatile constituents of Origanum vulgare L., 'thymol' chemotype: variability in North India during plant ontogeny. Verma RS, Padalia RC, and Chauhan A Nat. Prod. Res. 26(14), 1358-62, (2012)

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Chemical markers in Origanum vulgare L. from Kumaon Himalayas: a chemosystematic study. Pande C, Tewari G, Singh S, et al. Nat. Prod. Res. 26(2), 140-5, (2012)

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Chemical composition of the essential oil of Cachrys libanotis from Algeria. Bouderdara N, Elomri A, Djarri L, et al. Nat. Prod. Commun. 6(1), 115-7, (2011)

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Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Heracleum rigens. Jagannath N, Ramakrishnaiah H, Krishna V, et al. Nat. Prod. Commun. 7(7), 943-6, (2012)

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The Composition of Volatile Aroma Components, Flavanones and Polymethoxylated Flavones in Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata) Peels of Different Cultivation Lines Asikin, Y., et al. J. Agric. Food Chem., (2012)

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Variation of volatiles in Tunisian populations of Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. (Lamiaceae). Ali IB, Guetat A, and Boussaid M Chem. Biodivers. 9(7), 1272-85, (2012)

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Chemical composition and antimicrobial and spasmolytic properties of Poliomintha longiflora and Lippia graveolens essential oils. Rivero-Cruz I, Duarte G, Navarrete A, et al. J. Food Sci. 76(2), C309-17, (2011)

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Evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oils from Carum copticum seed and Ferula assafoetida latex. Kavoosi G, Tafsiry A, Ebdam AA, et al. J. Food Sci. 78(2), T356-61, (2013)

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Composition of essential oils in subterranean organs of three species of Valeriana L. Samaneh ET, Tayebeh R, Hassan E, et al. Nat. Prod. Res. 24(19), 1834-42, (2010)

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Changes of peel essential oil composition of four Tunisian citrus during fruit maturation. Bourgou S, Rahali FZ, Ourghemmi I, et al. ScientificWorldJournal 2012, 528593, (2012)

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Seasonal variation in essential oil yield and composition from Thymus vulgaris L. during different growth stages in the south of Jordan. Abu-Darwish MS, Alu'datt MH, Al-Tawaha AR, et al. Nat. Prod. Res. 26(14), 1310-7, (2012)

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Beil. 5,IV,436

Aldrich MSDS 1, 1639:A / Arctander, 2874 / Corp MSDS 1 (2), 3224:A / FT-IR 1 (1), 47:C / FT-IR 2 (1), 67:C / FT-NMR 1 (1), 64:B / Fenaroli / IR-Spectra (3), 34:G / NMR-Reference 2 (1), 53:C / RegBook 74 (1), 43:A / RegBook 1 (1), 43:A / Sax 6, 1737 / Sigma FT-IR 1 (2), 902:B / Structure Index 1, 5:A:9 / Vapor Phase 3, 69:D

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