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135585 Aldrich

4-Chlorobenzoic acid

99%

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Properties

Related Categories Building Blocks, C7, Carbonyl Compounds, Carboxylic Acids, Chemical Synthesis,
assay   99%
mp   238-241 °C(lit.)
solubility   methanol: soluble1%, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

Description

Packaging

50, 250 g in poly bottle

Application

4-Chlorobenzoic acid was used to determine the diversity of 2-, 3- and 4-chlorobenzoate degraders in two pristine soils with similar physical and chemical characteristics1.

General description

4-Chlorobenzoic acid is a degradation product of indomethacin2. It is degraded by Acinetobacter sp. strain ST-1 and causes its dehalogenation to yield 4-hydroxybenzoic acid under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions3.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
DG4976010
Flash Point(F) 
460.4 °F
Flash Point(C) 
238 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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1. Chlorobenzoate-degrading bacteria in similar pristine soils exhibit different community structures and population dynamics in response to anthropogenic 2-, 3-, and 4-chlorobenzoate levels. Gentry TJ, Wang G, Rensing C, et al. Microb. Ecol. 48(1), 90-102, (2004)

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2. The use of velour as a vascular prosthesis. Lindenauer SM, Weber TR, Miller TA, et al. Biomed. Eng. 11(9), 301-6, (1976)

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3. Hydrolytic dehalogenation of 4-chlorobenzoic acid by an Acinetobacter sp. Kobayashi K, Katayama-Hirayama K, and Tobita S J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 43(2), 105-108, (1997)

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Benzenepolycarboxylic acids with potential anti-hemorrhagic properties and structure-activity relationships. Hnin Thanda Aung et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. 19, 7000-2, (2011)

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Ozonation and advanced oxidation by the peroxone process of ciprofloxacin in water. De Witte B, Dewulf J, Demeestere K, et al. J. Hazard. Mater. 161(2-3), 701-8, (2009)

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Assessment of the UV/chlorine process as an advanced oxidation process. Jin J, El-Din MG, and Bolton JR Water Res. 45(4), 1890-6, (2011)

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Comparison of ozone and HO· induced conversion of effluent organic matter (EfOM) using ozonation and UV/H2O2 treatment. Audenaert WT, Vandierendonck D, Van Hulle SW, et al. Water Res. 47(7), 2387-98, (2013)

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[4-chlorobiphenyl and 4-chlorobenzoic acid biodegradation by Rhodococcus ruber P25]. Plotnikova EG, Solianikova IP, Egorova DO, et al. Mikrobiologiia 81(2), 159-70, (2012)

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Photoreactivity of carboxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes in sunlight: reactive oxygen species production in water. Chen CY and Jafvert CT Environ. Sci. Technol. 44(17), 6674-9, (2010)

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Inactivation of Amphidinium sp. in ballast waters using UV/Ag-TiO2+O3 advanced oxidation treatment. Wu D, You H, Zhang R, et al. Bioresour. Technol. 102(21), 9838-42, (2011)

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The ROH,UV concept to characterize and the model uv/H202 process in natural waters. Rosenfeld EJ and Linden KG Environ. Sci. Technol. 41(7), 2548-53, (2007)

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The chemometric resolution and quantification of overlapped peaks form comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography. Fraga CG and Corley CA J. Chromatogr. A 1096(1-2), 40-9, (2005)

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Removal of 4-chlorobenzoic acid from spiked hydroponic solution by willow trees (Salix viminalis). Deavers K, Macek T, Karlson UG, et al. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 17(7), 1355-61, (2010)

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Catalytic ozonation of p-chlorobenzoic acid by activated carbon and nickel supported activated carbon prepared from petroleum coke. Li X, Zhang Q, Tang L, et al. J. Hazard. Mater. 163(1), 115-20, (2009)

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ImprimatinC1, a novel plant immune-priming compound, functions as a partial agonist of salicylic acid. Noutoshi Y, Jikumaru Y, Kamiya Y, et al. Sci. Rep. 2, 705, (2012)

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FT-IR, FT-Raman spectra and ab initio HF, DFT vibrational analysis of p-chlorobenzoic acid. Sundaraganesan N, Anand B, Meganathan C, et al. Spectrochim. Acta. A. Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 69(3), 871-9, (2008)

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Mechanism and pathways of chlorfenapyr photocatalytic degradation in aqueous suspension of TiO2. Cao Y, Yi L, Huang L, et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40(10), 3373-7, (2006)

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Intensification of volatile organic compounds mass transfer in a compact scrubber using the O3/H2O2 advanced oxidation process: kinetic study and hydroxyl radical tracking. Biard PF, Couvert A, Renner C, et al. Chemosphere 85(7), 1122-9, (2011)

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Organic micropollutants degradation in ozone-loaded system with perfluorinated solvent. Gromadzka K and Swietlik J Water Res. 41(12), 2572-80, (2007)

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Formation of Pb(III) intermediates in the electrochemically controlled Pb(II)/PbO₂ system. Liu H, Kuznetsov AM, Masliy AN, et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(3), 1430-8, (2012)

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Cloning of the Arthrobacter sp. FG1 dehalogenase genes and construction of hybrid pathways in Pseudomonas putida strains. Radice F, Orlandi V, Massa V, et al. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 75(5), 1111-8, (2007)

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Determination of co-metabolism for 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) degradation with enzymes from Trametes versicolor U97 Sari, A., et al. J. Biosci. Bioeng., (2012)

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Investigation of the catalytic mechanism of the hotdog-fold enzyme superfamily Pseudomonas sp. strain CBS3 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA thioesterase. Zhuang Z, Latham J, Song F, et al. Biochemistry 51(3), 786-94, (2012)

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The mechanism of domain alternation in the acyl-adenylate forming ligase superfamily member 4-chlorobenzoate: coenzyme A ligase. Wu R, Reger AS, Lu X, et al. Biochemistry 48(19), 4115-25, (2009)

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Different net effect of TiO2 sintering temperature on the photocatalytic removal rates of 4-chlorophenol, 4-chlorobenzoic acid and dichloroacetic acid in water. Enríquez R and Pichat P J. Environ. Sci. Health. A. Tox. Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng. 41(6), 955-66, (2006)

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Degradation of pCBA by catalytic ozonation in natural water. Azrague K, Osterhus SW, and Biomorgi JG Water Sci. Technol. 59(6), 1209-17, (2009)

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4-Chlorobenzoate uptake in Comamonas sp. strain DJ-12 is mediated by a tripartite ATP-independent periplasmic transporter. Chae JC and Zylstra GJ J. Bacteriol. 188(24), 8407-12, (2006)

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Identification of genes coding for hydrolytic dehalogenation in the metagenome derived from a denitrifying 4-chlorobenzoate degrading consortium. Chae JC, Song B, and Zylstra GJ FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 281(2), 203-9, (2008)

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Biodegradation of 4-chlorobenzoic acid by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01 NC. Hoskeri RS, Mulla SI, Shouche YS, et al. Biodegradation 22(3), 509-16, (2011)

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Temperature-dependent biotransformation of 2,4'-dichlorobiphenyl by psychrotolerant Hydrogenophaga strain IA3-A: higher temperatures prevent excess accumulation of problematic meta-cleavage products. Lambo AJ and Patel TR Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 44(4), 447-53, (2007)

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Merck 14,2125

Beil. 9,IV,973

Aldrich MSDS 1, 375:B / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 742:A / FT-IR 2 (2), 2660:A / FT-IR 1 (2), 195:C / FT-NMR 1 (2), 1077:A / IR-Spectra (2), 841:B / IR-Spectra (3), 960:G / NMR-Reference 2 (2), 192:D / RegBook 1 (2), 1789:G / Sigma FT-IR 1 (2), 372:D / Structure Index 1, 285:A:8

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