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148083 Aldrich

1,1,1-Tris(hydroxymethyl)propane

97%

Synonym: 2-Ethyl-2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-propanediol, Trimethylolpropane

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Properties

Related Categories Building Blocks, Chemical Synthesis, Organic Building Blocks, Oxygen Compounds, Polyols More...
vapor density   4.8 (vs air)
vapor pressure   <1 mmHg ( 20 °C)
assay   97%
autoignition temp.   1301 °F
bp   159-161 °C/2 mmHg(lit.)
mp   56-58 °C(lit.)

Description

Packaging

3 kg in poly drum

500 g in poly bottle

Application

1,1,1-Tris(hydroxymethyl)propane was used as hydrogen bond-donating agent during triol-promoted activation of the C-F bond of benzylic fluorides1. It was used in synthesis of new octanuclear manganese cluster2 and hyperbranched polyethers3.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
TY6470000
Flash Point(F) 
341.6 °F
Flash Point(C) 
172 °C

Protocols & Articles

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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1. Triol-promoted activation of C-F bonds: Amination of benzylic fluorides under highly concentrated conditions mediated by 1,1,1-tris(hydroxymethyl)propane. Champagne PA, Saint-Martin A, Drouin M, et al. Beilstein J. Org. Chem. 9, 2451-6, (2013)

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2. 1,1,1-Tris(hydroxymethyl)propane in manganese carboxylate chemistry: synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of a mixed-valence [MnIII4MnII4] cluster featuring the novel [MnIII4MnII4(mu3-OR)6(mu2-OR)8]6+ core. Milios CJ, Fabbiani FP, Parsons S, et al. Dalton Trans. (2), 351-6, (2006)

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3. Hyperbranched aliphatic polyethers obtained from environmentally benign monomer: glycerol carbonate. Rokicki G, et al. Green Chem. 7(7), 529-39, (2005)

[The preparation of chemical-bonded hyperbranched polymer coated column for capillary electrophoresis and their application to separation of basic proteins]. Shou C, Zhang Z, Zhou C, et al. Se Pu 22(3), 273-6, (2004)

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Investigation of thiol-ene and thiol-ene-methacrylate based resins as dental restorative materials. Cramer NB, Couch CL, Schreck KM, et al. Dent. Mater. 26(1), 21-8, (2010)

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Nanofabricated particles for engineered drug therapies: a preliminary biodistribution study of PRINT nanoparticles. Gratton SE, Pohlhaus PD, Lee J, et al. J. Control. Release 121(1-2), 10-8, (2007)

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Thiol-ene oligomers as dental restorative materials. Carioscia JA, Lu H, Stanbury JW, et al. Dent. Mater. 21(12), 1137-43, (2005)

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Tailoring lactide/caprolactone co-oligomers as tissue adhesives. Cohn D and Lando G Biomaterials 25(27), 5875-84, (2004)

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Preparation of polyol esters based on vegetable and animal fats. Gryglewicz S, Piechocki W, and Gryglewicz G Bioresour. Technol. 87(1), 35-9, (2003)

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Biodegradable products by lipase biocatalysis. Linko YY, Lämsä M, Wu X, et al. J. Biotechnol. 66(1), 41-50, (1998)

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Synthesis and characterization of branched polymers from lipase-catalyzed trimethylolpropane copolymerizations. Kulshrestha AS, Gao W, Fu H, et al. Biomacromolecules 8(6), 1794-801, (2007)

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Modeling of reaction kinetics for transesterification of palm-based methyl esters with trimethylolpropane. Kamil RN and Yusup S Bioresour. Technol. 101(15), 5877-84, (2010)

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Neurotoxin formation from pilot-scale incineration of synthetic ester turbine lubricants with a triaryl phosphate additive. Rubey WA, Striebich RC, Bush J, et al. Arch. Toxicol. 70(8), 508-9, (1996)

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Biodegradation of a synthetic lubricant by Micrococcus roseus. Wright MA, Taylor F, Randles SJ, et al. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59(4), 1072-6, (1993)

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Long-term changes in rat social behavior following treatment with trimethylolpropane. Bekkedal MY, Panksepp J, and Rossi J Neurotoxicol. Teratol. 20(3), 307-16, (1998)

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Synthesis of X(Y)-(EO)(n)-OCH₃ type heterobifunctional and X(Y)-(EO)(n)-Z type heterotrifunctional poly(ethylene glycol)s. Li Z and Chau Y Bioconjug. Chem. 22(3), 518-22, (2011)

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Synthesis of trimethylolpropane esters of oleic acid by Lipoprime 50T. Kiriliauskaitė V, Bendikienė V, and Juodka B J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 38(9), 1561-6, (2011)

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Dissociation constants for GABA(A) receptor antagonists determined with neuronal networks on microelectrode arrays. Rijal SO and Gross GW J. Neurosci. Methods 173(2), 183-92, (2008)

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Beil. 1,IV,2786

FT-IR 2 (1), 266:C / FT-IR 1 (1), 129:D / FT-NMR 1 (1), 285:A / IR-Spectra (2), 78:E / IR-Spectra (3), 81:A / NMR-Reference 2 (1), 122:A / RegBook 1 (1), 185:F / Structure Index 1, 24:B:9 / Vapor Phase 3, 262:D

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