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295507 Aldrich

Chloromethane

≥99.5%

Synonym: Methyl chloride

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Properties

Related Categories Chemical Synthesis, Specialty Gases, Synthetic Reagents More...
vapor density   1.74 (vs air)
vapor pressure   3796 mmHg ( 20 °C)
assay   ≥99.5%
autoignition temp.   1169 °F
expl. lim.   19 %
bp   −24.2 °C(lit.)
mp   −97 °C(lit.)
solubility   water: soluble5.32 g/L at 25 °C
density   0.915 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Description

Packaging

1.8 kg in Sure-Pac™

100, 500 g in Sure-Pac™

General description

Conversion of chloromethane over metal-exchanged zeolite ZSM-5 catalyst with alkaline earth metals and some transition metals has been studied1. Chloromethane has been reported as chemical intermediate during the production of gasoline from methane. Catalytic conversion of chloromethane over HSAPO-34 to light olefins has been studied by in situ FTIR spectroscopy and catalytic testing2. Chloromethane is a gaseous natural product implicated in methylation processes in PheUinus pomaceus3. Chloromethane acts as methyl donor in veratryl alcohol biosynthesis in the lignin-degrading fungi3.

Recommended products

Brass hose adapter Z146811 or brass body mini gas regulator Z513539 is recommended.

Price and Availability

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Bromomethane

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1.0 M in diethyl ether

Chloromethane solution

1.0 M in tert-butyl methyl ether, anhydrous

Chloromethane solution

200 μg/mL in methanol, analytical standard

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Risk Statements (Europe) 
RIDADR 
UN 1063 2.1
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
PA6300000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

Set your institution to view full text papers.

1. Conversion of chloromethane over metal-exchanged ZSM-5 to higher hydrocarbons. Lersch P and Bandermann F. Appl. Catal. 75(1), 133-52, (1991)

2. Highly efficient catalytic conversion of chloromethane to light olefins over HSAPO-34 as studied by catalytic testing and in situ FTIR. Wei Y, et al. J. Catal. 238(1), 46-57, (2006)

3. Chloromethane, Methyl Donor in Veratryl Alcohol Biosynthesis in Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Other Lignin-Degrading Fungi. Harper DB, Buswell JA, Kennedy JT, et al. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56(11), 3450-7, (1990)

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Insights into enzyme kinetics of chloroethane biodegradation using compound specific stable isotopes. Lollar BS, Hirschorn S, Mundle SO, et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 44(19), 7498-503, (2010)

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Methyl chloride emissions from halophyte leaf litter: dependence on temperature and chloride content. Derendorp L, Wishkerman A, Keppler F, et al. Chemosphere 87(5), 483-9, (2012)

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Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering of methyl chloride at the chlorine K edge. El Khoury L, Journel L, Guillemin R, et al. J. Chem. Phys. 136(2), 024319, (2012)

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Detection and isolation of chloromethane-degrading bacteria from the Arabidopsis thaliana phyllosphere, and characterization of chloromethane utilization genes. Nadalig T, Farhan Ul Haque M, Roselli S, et al. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 77(2), 438-48, (2011)

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The global chloromethane cycle: biosynthesis, biodegradation and metabolic role. Harper DB Nat. Prod. Rep. 17(4), 337-48, (2000)

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Proton transfer in phenol-amine complexes: phenol electronic effects on free energy profile in solution. Aono S and Kato S J. Comput. Chem. 31(16), 2924-31, (2010)

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Thermochemistry of organic reactions in microporous oxides by atomistic simulations: benchmarking against periodic B3LYP. Bleken F, Svelle S, Lillerud KP, et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 114(27), 7391-7, (2010)

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Genetic variation in metabolic genes, occupational solvent exposure, and risk of non-hodgkin lymphoma. Barry KH, Zhang Y, Lan Q, et al. Am. J. Epidemiol. 173(4), 404-13, (2011)

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Surface chemical reactions induced by well-controlled molecular beams: translational energy and molecular orientation control. Okada M J. Phys. Condens. Matter 22(26), 263003, (2010)

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A-band methyl halide dissociation via electronic curve crossing as studied by electron energy loss spectroscopy. Kato H, Masui H, Hoshino M, et al. J. Chem. Phys. 133(5), 054304, (2010)

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Dissociative photoionization of methyl chloride studied with threshold photoelectron-photoion coincidence velocity imaging. Tang X, Zhou X, Wu M, et al. J. Chem. Phys. 136(3), 034304, (2012)

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Reactions of atomic metal anions in the gas phase: competition between electron transfer, proton abstraction and bond activation. Curtis S, DiMuzio J, Mungham A, et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 115(48), 14006-12, (2011)

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Complete genome sequence of the chloromethane-degrading Hyphomicrobium sp. strain MC1. Vuilleumier S, Nadalig T, Ul Haque MF, et al. J. Bacteriol. 193(18), 5035-6, (2011)

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Subsoil heterogeneities controlling porewater contaminant mass and microbial diversity at a site with a complex pollution history. Puigserver D, Carmona JM, Cortés A, et al. J. Contam. Hydrol. 144(1), 1-19, (2013)

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Theoretical study of the kinetics of reactions of the monohalogenated methanes with atomic chlorine. Brudnik K, Twarda M, Sarzyński D, et al. J. Mol. Model. 19(4), 1489-505, (2013)

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Molecular mechanical perspective on halogen bonding. Ibrahim MA J. Mol. Model. 18(10), 4625-38, (2012)

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Hybrid quantum mechanical/molecular mechanics study of the S(N)2 reaction of CH3Cl+OH- in water. Yin H, Wang D, and Valiev M J. Phys. Chem. A 115(43), 12047-52, (2011)

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13C- and 1H-NMR studies of oxyanion and tetrahedral intermediate stabilization by the serine proteinases: optimizing inhibitor warhead specificity and potency by studying the inhibition of the serine proteinases by peptide-derived chloromethane and glyoxal inhibitors. Malthouse JP Biochem. Soc. Trans. 35(Pt 3), 566-70, (2007)

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Density functional study of S(N) 2 substitution reactions for CH(3) Cl + CX(1) X(2•-) (X(1) X(2) = HH, HF, HCl, HBr, HI, FF, ClCl, BrBr, and II). Liang JX, Geng ZY, and Wang YC J. Comput. Chem. 33(6), 595-606, (2012)

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Matrix isolation infrared spectroscopic and density functional theoretical study of the reactions of scandium and yttrium monoxides with monochloromethane. Huang Y, Zhao Y, Zheng X, et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 114(7), 2476-82, (2010)

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Theoretical studies on identity S(N)2 reactions of lithium halide and methyl halide: a microhydration model. Zheng S, Xiong Y, and Wang J J. Mol. Model. 16(12), 1931-7, (2010)

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Near-thermal reactions of Au(+)(1S,3D) with CH3X (X = F,Cl). Taylor WS, Matthews CC, Hicks AJ, et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 116(3), 943-51, (2012)

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Effects of temperature and soil moisture on methyl halide and chloroform fluxes from drained peatland pasture soils. Khan MA, Whelan ME, and Rhew RC J. Environ. Monit. 14(1), 241-9, (2012)

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Sampling the proton transfer reaction coordinate in mixed quantum-classical molecular dynamics simulations. Ka BJ and Thompson WH J. Phys. Chem. A 116(2), 832-8, (2012)

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Dissociation mechanisms of excited CH3X (X = Cl, Br, and I) formed via high-energy electron transfer using alkali metal targets. Hayakawa S, Tsujinaka T, and Fujihara A J. Chem. Phys. 137(18), 184308, (2012)

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Physical and physicochemical factors effecting transport of chlorohydrocarbon gases from lung alveolar air to blood as measured by the causation of narcosis. Holder JW J. Environ. Sci. Health. C. Environ. Carcinog. Ecotoxicol. Rev. 30(1), 42-80, (2012)

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Sorption of agrochemical model compounds by sorbent materials containing beta-cyclodextrin. Wilson LD, Mohamed MH, Guo R, et al. J. Agromedicine 15(2), 105-16, (2010)

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Merck 14,6041

Beil. 1,IV,28

Corp MSDS 1 (1), 795:B / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 795:A / FT-IR 2 (1), 82:C / RegBook 1 (1), 57:A / Sax 6, 730 / Structure Index 1, 7:A:1 / Vapor Phase 3, 81:C

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