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377996 Aldrich

Titanium(IV) isopropoxide

99.999% trace metals basis

Synonym: TTIP, Tetraisopropyl orthotitanate

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Properties

Related Categories Acids, Acids & Bases, Alternative Energy, Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry, Catalysts,
InChI Key   VXUYXOFXAQZZMF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   99.999% trace metals basis
form   liquid
refractive index   n20/D 1.464(lit.)
bp   232 °C(lit.)
mp   14-17 °C(lit.)
density   0.96 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)

Description

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions are available for this Product.

Application

Novel metal oxide/phosphonate hybrids were formed from titanium(IV) isopropoxide in a two-step sol-gel process. Starting material for barium-strontium-titanate thin films. Used to make porous titanosilicates, potential ion-exchange materials for cleanup of radioactive wastes. Applied in the formation of a heterosupermolecule consisting of a TiO2 nanocrystallite-viologen electron acceptor complex whose light-induced electron transfer has been demonstrated.

Packaging

5, 25, 100 mL in poly bottle

Price and Availability

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN 2413 3 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
NT8060000
Flash Point(F) 
113 °F
Flash Point(C) 
45 °C

Frequently Asked Questions

Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis. These documents are located on the product detail page under Useful Links & Tools. Click on the following link to search for a Certificate of Analysis. Please click the following link to see the details on our Product Dating Information.
How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?
A Certificate of Analysis is available by lot number and can be obtained through our Advanced Search Option: http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/AdvancedSearchPage.do
Sometimes I receive Product 377996, Titanium (IV) isopropoxide as a solid and sometimes as a liquid. Which is correct?
The melting point of this product is right around ambient temperature at 18-20ºC. Depending on the transportation considerations, the product may arrive as either.
Product 377996, Titanium (IV) isopropoxide is slightly yellow and it has always been colorless in the past.
While many lots have passed as a colorless liquid, our specifications will also allow for a slightly yellow liquid (up to 25 APHA).
Is Product 377996, Titanium (IV) isopropoxide packaged under an inert gas?
Yes, we package this product under nitrogen. This product is considered air and moisture sensitive. The MSDS recommends handling and storing titanium (IV) isopropoxide under nitrogen.
Product 377996, Titanium (IV) isopropoxide can be used in both film deposition and hydrogen storage applications. Where can I read more about these applications?
Information on and similar products for the deposition of materials can be found in Material Matters 1.3, available at the link below. Information on and similar products for hydrogen storage applications can also be found at the link below in Material Matters 2.2.  http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/Area_of_Interest/Chemistry/Materials_Science/Key_Resources/Material_Matters/Material_Matters_US.html
How do I find price and availability?
There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products.  Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers. 
What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?
Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS. To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product, or search here. 
My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?
Use the option to the right to "Ask a Question" by email of a Technical Service Scientist.
Show more questions
Protocols & Articles

Articles

A Review of Mesoporous TiO2 Thin Films

Jinshu Wang*, Junshu Wu, Hongyi Li The Key Lab of Advanced Functional Materials, Ministry of Education China, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 10...
Keywords: Adsorption, Building blocks, Catalysis, Ceramics, Condensations, Cosmetics, Degradations, Diffraction, Eliminations, Evaporation, Materials Science, Oxidations, Polymerization reactions, Semiconductor, Separation, Sol-gel

ALD — A Versatile Tool for Nanostructuring

The acronym ALD stands for atomic layer deposition. Although the process was developed during the 1970s, ALD remained more of a niche process, since initially most applications of this technique were...
Mato Knez
Material Matters 2008, 3.2, 28
Keywords: Adsorption, Applications, Atomic layer deposition, Chemical vapor deposition, Deposition, Diffusion, Electronics, Environmental, Material Matters, Methods, Nanomaterials, Nanotechnology, Nanotubes, PAGE, Reductions, Support, Thin film deposition, Tissue microarrays

Acids and Bases

Acids and bases have been used by chemists for centuries, and are among the most fundamental reagents employed in synthetic organic chemistry. This Aldrich product line ranges from Brønsted and Lewis...
Chemfiles Volume 1 Article 3

Atomic Layer Deposition of Nanomaterials for Li-Ion Batteries, Fuel Cells, and Solar Cells

Erwin Kessels,* Harm Knoops, Matthieu Weber, Adrie Mackus, and Mariadriana Creatore Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands ...
Keywords: Adhesion, Atomic layer deposition, Building blocks, Catalysis, Chemical vapor deposition, Crystallization, Deposition, Diffusion, Microscopy, Nanomaterials, Nanotubes, Nucleic acid annealing, Oxidations, Recombination, Reductions, Renewable energy, Scanning electron microscopy, Solar cells

Energy Harvesting Using Lead Zirconium Titanate-Based Ceramic Nanowires

Zhi Zhou1, Dr. Haixiong Tang1, Dr. Henry A. Sodano1,2* 1Department of Materials Science and Engineering 2Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida...
Keywords: Ceramics, Deposition, Diffraction, Electronics, Electrophoresis, Materials Science, Microscopy, Nanomaterials, Solvents, Spectroscopy

From Form to Function: Molding Porous Materials in Three Dimensions by Colloidal Crystal Templating

Methods of structuring materials with submicrometer features in two dimensions have become highly sophisticated. For example, lithographic methods are now capable of carving out several hundred milli...
Melissa A. Fierke, Fan Li, and Prof. Andreas Stein
Material Matters 2008, 3.1, 10.
Keywords: Applications, Centrifugation, Chemical vapor deposition, Combustion, Deposition, Diffraction, Diffusion, Emulsion polymerization, Filtration, Methods, Photographs, Polymerization reactions, Precipitation, Semiconductor, Sol-gel

Mesoporous Oxides and Their Applications to Hydrogen Storage

Solid-state hydrogen storage is attractive from a technological point of view, but has encountered tremendous challenges in terms of practical storage capacity and kinetics.1-3 Hydrogen sorption, whe...
Arlon J. Hunt1, Karl Gross2, Samuel S. Mao1
Material Matters Volume 4 Article 2
Keywords: Addition reactions, Adsorption, Applications, Catalysis, Chemical vapor deposition, Condensations, Deposition, Diffusion, Insecticides, Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Material Matters, Methods, Microscopy, Nanomaterials, Photographs, Scanning electron microscopy, Size-exclusion chromatography, Sol-gel, Substitutions, Transmission electron microscopy

Mesoporous Titanium Dioxide Thin Films

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is an important n-type semiconducting material that shows interesting characteristics such as photoswitchable surface wettability, high photocatalytic activity, bistable elect...
Jinshu Wang, Junshu Wu, Hongyi Li
Material Matters, Volume 7, Number 2, 2–6
Keywords: Adsorption, Building blocks, Catalysis, Ceramics, Condensations, Cosmetics, Degradations, Diffraction, Eliminations, Evaporation, Materials Science, Oxidations, Polymerization reactions, Semiconductor, Separation, Sol-gel

Nanowire Synthesis: From Top-Down to Bottom-Up

David J. Hill, James F. Cahoon* Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA *Email: jfcahoon@unc.edu
David J. Hill, James F. Cahoon*
Material Matters, 2017, 12.1
Keywords: Absorption, Catalysis, Chemical vapor deposition, Deposition, Electronics, Melting, Microelectronics, Nanomaterials, Redox Reactions, Reductions, Semiconductor

Sol-Gel Science for Ceramic Materials

Silicon-based research has drawn much attention in recent years with targeted organizations such as the International Sol-Gel Society hosting workshops,1 and the Sol-Gel Gateway2 hosting a compendium...
Dr. Sandra Kay Young
Material Matters 2006, 1.3, 8.
Keywords: Applications, Articles, Ceramics, Chemfiles, Condensations, Deposition, Evaporation, Hydrosilylations, Infrared spectroscopy, Ligands, Newsletters, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Polymerization reactions, Sol-gel, Spectra, Type

Surface-enhanced Solar Energy Conversion Systems Using Gold and Silver Nanoparticles

Sustainable, environment-friendly, and clean energy sources with sufficiently high production efficiency for practical application are highly desirable to meet the energy challenge of the 21st centur...
Shanlin Pan and Arunava Gupta
Material Matters, 2012 v7, n4
Keywords: Absorption, Applications, Catalysis, Chemical vapor deposition, Degradations, Deposition, Diffusion, Electronics, Help, Organic electronics, Photovoltaics, Recombination, Renewable energy, Search, Semiconductor, Separation, Solar cells, Spectra, Support, Type

Thermoelectric Performance of Perovskite-type Oxide Materials - Material Matters, 2011, Volume 6, Number 4, 92–99

Lassi Karvonen, Petr Tomeš, Anke Weidenkaff* Laboratory for Solid State Chemistry and Catalysis Department of Mobility, Energy and Environment EMPA-Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science an...
Lassi Karvonen, Petr Tomeš, Anke Weidenkaff
Material Matters, 2011, Volume 6, Number 4, 92–99
Keywords: Applications, Catalysis, Ceramics, Combustion, Degradations, Materials Science, Oxidations, Search, Semiconductor, Substitutions, Support, Type

Thermoelectric Performance of Perovskite-type Oxide Materials - Materials Science

Lassi Karvonen, Petr Tomeš, Anke Weidenkaff* Laboratory for Solid State Chemistry and Catalysis Department of Mobility, Energy and Environment EMPA-Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science an...
Keywords: Catalysis, Combustion, Degradations, Materials Science, Oxidations, Semiconductor, Substitutions

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
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References

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