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450782 Aldrich

Chromium(II) chloride

anhydrous, powder, 99.99% trace metals basis

Synonym: Chromium dichloride, Chromous chloride

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Properties

Related Categories Chromium, Chromium Salts, Crystal Grade Inorganics, Essential Chemicals, Materials Science,
grade   anhydrous
assay   99.99% trace metals basis
form   powder
mp   824 °C(lit.)
density   2.9 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Description

Application

Mediates the condensation of the aldehydes with trisubstituted chloroalkenes.1 Used in the synthesis of a highly active precatalyst for ethylene oligimerization.2

Used to make bis(indenyl)chromium dimer and related products.

Used with iodoform and tetraethyl ethylenediamine to convert terminal olefins into trans-iodocyclopropanes in excellent yields.

The vapor-phase co-reductions with other metal halides by hydrogen results in finely divided intermetallics with applications as structural materials or compounds with useful thermoelectric, magnetic, and oxidation-resistance properties.

Packaging

1, 5, 25 g in ampule

Price and Availability

Suggested Laboratory Gloves


Laboratory GlovesThis substance has been tested against several types of hand protection for CE compliance. Click below to find the recommended gloves for handling this product.




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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
Hazard Codes (Europe) 
Xn
Risk Statements (Europe) 
Safety Statements (Europe) 
26-36
RIDADR 
UN 3077 9 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
GB5250000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

Set your institution to view full text papers.

1. Falck, J.R., et al. Tetrahedron Lett. 45, 3039, (2004)

2. Small, B.L., et al. Macromolecules 37, 4375, (2004)

Heinemann, O. et al. Organometallics 15, 5462, (1996)

J. Organomet. Chem. 692, 520, (2007)

Sohn, H.Y., PalDey, S. J. Mater. Res. 13, 3060, (1998)

Fast transformation of glucose and di-/polysaccharides into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural by microwave heating in an ionic liquid/catalyst system. Qi X, Watanabe M, Aida TM, et al. ChemSusChem 3(9), 1071-7, (2010)

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Molecular aspects of glucose dehydration by chromium chlorides in ionic liquids. Zhang Y, Pidko EA, and Hensen EJ Chemistry 17(19), 5281-8, (2011)

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Higher body mass index is associated with higher fractional creatinine excretion in healthy subjects. Sinkeler SJ, Visser FW, Krikken JA, et al. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 26(10), 3181-8, (2011)

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Conversion of hexose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in imidazolium ionic liquids with and without a catalyst. Cao Q, Guo X, Yao S, et al. Carbohydr. Res. 346(7), 956-9, (2011)

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[The influence of chromium chloride consumption on peroxidation processes and activity of antioxidant defence in rat tissues]. Iskra RIa and Ianovich VG Biomed. Khim. 58(4), 418-28, (2012)

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Glomerular and tubular function following orthotopic liver transplantation in children treated with tacrolimus. Anastaze Stelle K, Belli DC, Parvex P, et al. Pediatr. Transplant. 16(3), 250-6, (2012)

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Production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural from glucose catalyzed by hydroxyapatite supported chromium chloride. Zhang Z and Zhao ZK Bioresour. Technol. 102(4), 3970-2, (2011)

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Catalytic conversion of glucose to 5-hydroxymethyl furfural using inexpensive co-catalysts and solvents. Yuan Z, Xu CC, Cheng S, et al. Carbohydr. Res. 346(13), 2019-23, (2011)

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Chromium-induced genotoxicity and interference in human lymphoblastoid cell (TK6) repair processes. El-Yamani N, Zúñiga L, Stoyanova E, et al. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health A 74(15-16), 1030-9, (2011)

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High doses of cobalt induce optic and auditory neuropathy. Apostoli P, Catalani S, Zaghini A, et al. Exp. Toxicol. Pathol. 65(6), 719-27, (2013)

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Catalytic conversion of cellulose to levulinic acid by metal chlorides. Peng L, Lin L, Zhang J, et al. Molecules 15(8), 5258-72, (2010)

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Metal ions activate vascular endothelial cells and increase lymphocyte chemotaxis and binding. Ninomiya JT, Kuzma SA, Schnettler TJ, et al. J. Orthop. Res. 31(9), 1484-91, (2013)

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Chromium supplementation can alleviate the negative effects of heat stress on growth performance, carcass traits, and meat lipid oxidation of broiler chicks without any adverse impacts on blood constituents. Toghyani M, Toghyani M, Shivazad M, et al. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 146(2), 171-80, (2012)

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Simultaneous hyperaccumulation of multiple heavy metals by Helianthus annuus grown in a contaminated sandy-loam soil. Cutright T, Gunda N, and Kurt F Int. J. Phytoremediation 12(6), 562-73, (2010)

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Effects of short-term chromium supplementation on insulin sensitivity and body composition in overweight children: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Kim CW, Kim BT, Park KH, et al. J. Nutr. Biochem. 22(11), 1030-4, (2011)

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The effect of different levels of organic and inorganic chromium supplementation on production performance, carcass traits and some blood parameters of broiler chicken under heat stress condition. Moeini MM, Bahrami A, Ghazi S, et al. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 144(1-3), 715-24, (2011)

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The synthesis of (N2O2S2)-Schiff base ligands and investigation of their ion extraction capability from aqueous media. Zoubi WA, Kandil F, and Chebani MK Spectrochim. Acta. A. Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 79(5), 1909-14, (2011)

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The effect of ascorbic acid on the distribution of soluble Cr and Co ions in the blood and organs of rats. Afolaranmi GA and Grant MH J. Appl. Toxicol. 33(3), 220-6, (2013)

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The effect of chromium on rat insulinoma cells in high glucose conditions. Kwon MJ, Chung HS, Yoon CS, et al. Life Sci. 87(13-14), 401-4, (2010)

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Effect of fishing vessels on trace metal contamination in sediments of three harbors along Iranian Oman Sea coast. Hamzeh MA, Shah-Hosseini M, and Naderi Beni A Environ. Monit. Assess. 185(2), 1791-807, (2013)

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Evaluation of RbCl and CrCl₃ as markers of Triatoma brasiliensis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) nymphs: persistence and influence of Rb and Cr on triatomine biology. Sarquis O, Oliveira LS, Rego R, et al. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 106(4), 385-9, (2011)

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Effects of dietary chromium chloride, nicotinic acid and copper sulphate on meat of broilers. Javed MT, Ellahi M, Abbas N, et al. Br. Poult. Sci. 51(3), 354-60, (2010)

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Efficacy of dietary chromium (III) supplementation on tissue chromium deposition in finishing pigs. Wang MQ, Li H, He YD, et al. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 148(3), 316-21, (2012)

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Tissue accumulation and urinary excretion of chromium in rats fed diets containing graded levels of chromium chloride or chromium picolinate. Yoshida M, Hatakeyama E, Hosomi R, et al. J. Toxicol. Sci. 35(4), 485-91, (2010)

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Baicalin inhibits free radicals processes initiated by chromium ions. Sawicka E, Srednicka D, and Długosz A Acta Pol. Pharm. 67(6), 706-9, (2010)

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The efficacy of chromium as a growth enhancer for mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L): an integrated study using biochemical, genetic, and histological responses. Ahmed AR, Jha AN, and Davies SJ Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 148(2), 187-97, (2012)

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Psychostimulant and nootropic effect of major and trace element composition. Afanasieva OG, Suslov NI, and Shilova IV Bull. Exp. Biol. Med. 154(2), 224-7, (2012)

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Merck 14,2244

Fieser 1,149 / Fieser 2,76 / Fieser 3,60 / Fieser 4,144 / Fieser 7,73 / Fieser 9,511 / Fieser 11,132 / Fieser 12,136 / Fieser 13,84 / Fieser 14,94 / Fieser 15,95 / Fieser 16,93 / Fieser 17,84

Aldrich MSDS 1, 470:A / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 880:A / RegBook 1 (3), 3333:H

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