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455830 Aldrich

Ammonium hydrogen difluoride

99.999% trace metals basis

Synonym: Ammonium bifluoride, Etching powder



Related Categories Ammonium Salts, Essential Chemicals, Materials Science, Metal and Ceramic Science, NH3,
assay   99.999% trace metals basis
form   crystalline
mp   125 °C(lit.)



25, 100 g in poly bottle


Used for the preparation of ammonium aminosilylfluorides1 and complex metal fluorides.2 Employed in a new hydrothermal synthesis of complex flourides NaHoF4 and NaEuF4; these interesting compounds have the fluorite structure and are important for solid-state lasers as well as for photoluminescence and magnetic characteristics3

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Ultra-high Purity Salts

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Signal word 
Hazard statements 
UN 1727 8 / PGII
WGK Germany 

Protocols & Articles


Determination of Water Content in Ammonium hydrogen fluoride Using Karl Fischer Titration

Adherent water in salts can be easily determined. It is best to choose a working medium which will prevent the salt from dissolving, e.g. a Methanol-Chloroform mixture with an excess of Chloroform. T...
Keywords: Crystallization, Titrations

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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1. Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 622, 1646, (1996)

2. Chem. Commun. (Camb.), 1641, (1996)

3. Xun, X. et al. Chem. Mater. 9, 2966, (1997)

Development of a highly sensitive method for the quantification of estrone and estradiol in serum by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry without derivatization. Fiers T, Casetta B, Bernaert B, et al. J. Chromatogr. B. Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci. 893-894, 57-62, (2012)


Effects of ammonium hexafluorosilicate concentration on dentin tubule occlusion and composition of the precipitate. Suge T, Kawasaki A, Ishikawa K, et al. Dent. Mater. 26(1), 29-34, (2010)


Molecular monolayers on silicon as substrates for biosensors. Touahir L, Allongue P, Aureau D, et al. Bioelectrochemistry 80(1), 17-25, (2010)


Safe deprotection strategy for the tert-butyldimethylsilyl (TBS) group during RNA synthesis. Zewge D Curr. Protoc. Nucleic Acid Chem. Chapter 3, Unit3.21, (2012)


Preparation and chromatographic evaluation of a cysteine-bonded zwitterionic hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography stationary phase. Shen A, Guo Z, Cai X, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1228, 175-82, (2012)


Nitrogen-doped TiO2 modified with NH4F for efficient photocatalytic degradation of formaldehyde under blue light-emitting diodes. Li Y, Jiang Y, Peng S, et al. J. Hazard. Mater. 182(1-3), 90-6, (2010)


Asymmetric cycloadditions of o-quinone methides employing chiral ammonium fluoride precatalysts. Alden-Danforth E, Scerba MT, and Lectka T Org. Lett. 10(21), 4951-3, (2008)


Enhanced initial cell responses to chemically modified anodized titanium. Jimbo R, Sawase T, Baba K, et al. Clin. Implant Dent. Relat. Res. 10(1), 55-61, (2008)


Chitin-based organic networks: an integral part of cell wall biosilica in the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. Brunner E, Richthammer P, Ehrlich H, et al. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(51), 9724-7, (2009)


The characterization and activity of F-doped vanadia/titania for the selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 at low temperatures. Li Y and Zhong Q J. Hazard. Mater. 172(2-3), 635-40, (2009)


Preparation, characterization and electrical properties of fluorine-doped tin dioxide nanocrystals. Wu S, Yuan S, Shi L, et al. J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 346(1), 12-6, (2010)


Effect of concentration of trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) and hexamethyldisilazane (HMDZ) silylating agents on surface free energy of silica aerogels. Mahadik DB, Rao AV, Rao AP, et al. J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 356(1), 298-302, (2011)


Template free synthesis of crystallized nanoporous F-Ta2O5 spheres for effective photocatalytic hydrogen production. Li Z, Liu J, Li J, et al. Nanoscale 4(13), 3867-70, (2012)


Post-synthesis, characterization and catalytic properties of fluorine-planted MWW-type titanosilicate. Fang X, Wang Q, Zheng A, et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(14), 4930-8, (2013)


Swift adsorptive removal of Congo red from aqueous solution by K1.33Mn8O16 nanowires. Wu J, Li H, Wang J, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(8), 5452-60, (2013)


Catalytic degradation of the nerve agent VX by water-swelled polystyrene-supported ammonium fluorides. Marciano D, Goldvaser M, Columbus I, et al. J. Org. Chem. 76(20), 8549-53, (2011)


Combustion synthesis of Na2Sr(PO4)F:Dy3+ white light emitting phosphor. Nagpure IM, Pawade VB, and Dhoble SJ Luminescence 25(1), 9-13, (2010)


A safe and practical procedure for global deprotection of oligoribonucleotides. Zewge D, Gosselin F, Sidler R, et al. J. Org. Chem. 75(15), 5305-7, (2010)


Palladium-citric acid-ammonium fluoride as a matrix modifier for overcoming of interferences occurring during the direct determination of Sn in aqua regia extracts from environmental samples by D2-ETAAS. Husáková L, Srámková J, Cernohorský T, et al. Talanta 77(4), 1504-9, (2009)


The tissue distribution of fluoride in a fatal case of self-poisoning. Martínez MA, Ballesteros S, Piga FJ, et al. J. Anal. Toxicol. 31(8), 526-33, (2007)


Irritant contact dermatitis due to ammonium bifluoride in two infant twins. Toledo F, Silvestre JF, Cuesta L, et al. Pediatr. Dermatol. 30(1), 145-7, (2013)


A new approach to prepare well-dispersed CaF(2) nanoparticles by spray drying technique. Sun L, Chow LC, Bonevich JE, et al. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. B. Appl. Biomater. 98(2), 223-9, (2011)


Extraction of beryllium from refractory beryllium oxide with dilute ammonium bifluoride and determination by fluorescence: a multiparameter performance evaluation. Goldcamp MJ, Goldcamp DM, Ashley K, et al. J. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 6(12), 735-44, (2009)


Preparation of photocatalyst using diatom frustules by liquid phase deposition method. Umemura K, Gao Y, and Nishikawa T J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 4883-8, (2010)


Facile synthesis of TiO2 nanocrystals using NH4F as morphology-controlling agent and its influences on photocatalytic activity. Wang B, Zhang X, He M, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 356-64, (2013)


Merck 14,498

Aldrich MSDS 1, 121:B / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 239:B / FT-IR 2 (3), 4719:A / FT-IR 1 (2), 1247:C / RegBook 1 (3), 3309:D / Sax 6, 262

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