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538248 Aldrich

Isobutyronitrile

99.6%

Synonym: 2-Methylpropanenitrile, 2-Methylpropionitrile, Isopropyl cyanide

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Properties

Related Categories Building Blocks, C1 to C5, Chemical Synthesis, Cyanides/Nitriles, Nitrogen Compounds,
vapor density   2.38 (vs air)
vapor pressure   100 mmHg ( 54.4 °C)
InChI Key   LRDFRRGEGBBSRN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   99.6%
autoignition temp.   899 °F
refractive index   n20/D 1.372(lit.)
bp   107-108 °C(lit.)
mp   −72 °C(lit.)
density   0.770 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)

Description

Packaging

1 L in glass bottle

100 mL in glass bottle

General description

Isobutyronitrile (IBN) is an aliphatic nitrile. It is widely used as a solvent for electrochemical analyses. IBN can be prepared from amino acids, via anaerobic degradation. It undergoes oxidative dehydrogenation in the presence of an iron phosphate catalyst to afford methacrylonitrile, acetone, carbon oxides and traces of cyanic acid.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
RIDADR 
UN 2284 6.1(3) / PGII
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
TZ4900000
Flash Point(F) 
46.4 °F
Flash Point(C) 
8 °C
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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