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538264 Aldrich

Butyronitrile

≥99%

Synonym: Propyl cyanide

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Properties

Related Categories Building Blocks, C1 to C5, Chemical Synthesis, Cyanides/Nitriles, Nitrogen Compounds,
vapor density   2.4 (vs air)
vapor pressure   23 mmHg ( 25 °C)
InChI Key   KVNRLNFWIYMESJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   ≥99%
autoignition temp.   910 °F
refractive index   n20/D 1.384(lit.)
bp   115-117 °C(lit.)
mp   −112 °C(lit.)
solubility   DMF: miscible(lit.)
  alcohol: miscible(lit.)
  diethyl ether: miscible(lit.)
  water: very slightly soluble(lit.)
density   0.794 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Description

Packaging

1 L in glass bottle

100 mL in glass bottle

Application

Butyronitrile is suitable for use in a study to investigate the effect of stereochemical factors on intervalence charge transfer (IT). It may be used in electrolyte composition in dye-sensitized solar cells.

General description

Butyronitrile (Propyl cyanide, Butane nitrile, BN) is a linear cyanide. Butyronitrile (BN) glasses were fabricated by vapor deposition. The relationship between molar volume and deposition temperature for BN glasses has been investigated. Its reaction with high-temperature water (Temperature = 330°C and Pressure range = 128-2600bar) has been reported to afford butanamide, butyric acid and ammonia. It undergoes selective reduction in the presence of LiOH promoted Co-based Raney-catalysts to afford n-butylamine.

Price and Availability

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN 2411 6.1(3) / PGII
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
ET8750000
Flash Point(F) 
64.4 °F
Flash Point(C) 
18 °C
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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