572500 Aldrich

Fullerene-C60 Green Alternative

sublimed, 99.9%

Synonym: Buckminsterfullerene



Related Categories Acceptor Materials, Alternative Energy, Carbon Nanomaterials, Carbon Nanotubes and Fullerenes, Chemical Synthesis,
assay   99.9%
form   sublimed
greener alternative product characteristics   Design for Energy Efficiency
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.
mp   >280 °C(lit.)
solubility   organic solvents: soluble
  organic solvents: soluble
Orbital energy   HOMO 6.1-6.2 eV 
  LUMO 4.5 eV 
OLED Device Performance   ITO/CuPc/NPD/Alq3/C60/Mg:Ag1
• Color: green
• Max. Luminance: 17200 Cd/m2
• Color: green
• Max. Luminance: 7000 Cd/m2
• Turn-On Voltage: <5 V
• Color: green
• Max. Luminance: 4000 Cd/m2
• Turn-On Voltage: <5 V



1, 5 g in poly bottle

250 mg in poly bottle

General description

Sigma Life Science is committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Greener Chemistry. This product has been enhanced for energy efficiency. Find details here.

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sublimed, ≥99% (HPLC)

Fullerene soot

(as produced)



Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
>201.2 °F
Flash Point(C) 
>94 °C

Protocols & Articles


Electronics and Self-Assembly with Single Molecules

Single molecule electronics is the endeavour of constructing electronic circuitry with single molecules as the fundamental building block. The concept has been addressed theoretically in the 1970s1 a...
Kasper Moth-Poulsen, Titoo Jain, Jakob KrygerSørensen, Thomas Bjørnholm
Material Matters 2009, 4.3, 80.
Keywords: Applications, Building blocks, Cycloadditions, Electronics, Help, Methods, Microscopy, Nanomaterials, Nanotechnology, Purification, Reductions, Semiconductor, Type

Metal-Organic Complexes for Doping Organic Semiconductors and Surface Doping

The conductivity of organic semiconductors can be increased, and the barriers to charge-carrier injection from other materials can be reduced, by the use of highly reducing or oxidizing species to n-...
Stephen Barlow and Seth R. Marder
Center for Organic Photonics and Electronics and School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0400, USA
Keywords: Chemical reactions, Deposition, Diffusion, Evaporation, Nitrogen phosphorus detector, Phase transitions, Photovoltaics, Redox Reactions, Reductions, Semiconductor, Solvents, Spectroscopy, Sublimation

Nanomaterials for Advanced Applications

The union of distinct scientific disciplines is revealing the leading edge of Nanotechnology. Fifteen to twenty years ago, the interdisciplinary activity of geneticists, biologists, immunologists and...
Mr. Thomas Juehne; Prof. William E. Buhro; Dr. Sean Dingman; Dr. Luke Grocholl; Prof. Michael Strano; Dr. Seunghyun Baik;Prof. Yuri Lvov; Dr. Luke Grocholl; Prof. Shelley D. Minteer; Dr. Luke Grocholl; Prof. Nicholas A. Kotov;Prof. Pradeep K. Rohatgi; Ben Schultz; J.B. Ferguson; C. N. R. Rao; A. Müller; A. K. Cheetham (Eds.); G. Schmid (Ed.)
Aldrich ChemFiles 2005, 5.3, 1.
Keywords: Absorption, Adsorption, Applications, Automotive, Building blocks, Catalog, Catalysis, Ceramics, Chemfiles, Chemical vapor deposition, Combustion, Degradations, Deposition, Diffraction, Diffusion, Electronics, Genetic, Help, Infrared spectroscopy, Materials Science, Metal Science, Methods, Nanoelectronics, Nanomaterials, Nanotechnology, Nanotubes, Oxidations, Photovoltaics, Purification, Reductions, Semiconductor, Solar cells, Solvents, Support, Tools

Organic Materials for Thin Film Transistors

Flexible electronic circuits, displays, and sensors based on organic active materials will enable future generations of electronics products that may eventually enter the mainstream electronics marke...
Prof. Zhenan Bao
Material Matters 2007, 2.3, 4.
Keywords: Building blocks, Deposition, Electronics, Methods, Nanotubes, Semiconductor, Type

Polymer-Sorted Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes for Transistors and Solar Cells

Matthew J. Shea,1 Gerald J. Brady,1 Juan Zhao,1,2 Meng-Yin Wu,3 Harold T. Evensen,3 Michael S. Arnold1* 1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA 2School ...
Keywords: Absorption, Chemical vapor deposition, Chromatography, Column chromatography, Deposition, Diffusion, Materials Science, Microscopy, Nanotubes, Renewable energy, Scanning electron microscopy, Semiconductor, Separation, Solar cells

Silylethyne-Substituted Pentacenes

Research into the use of organic semiconductors in field-effect transistors (FETs) began in earnest in the mid-1990s,1 after early exciting results from vapor-deposited small molecule semiconductors....
John E. Anthony*
Material Matters 2009, 4.3, 58.
Keywords: Applications, Capabilities, Crystallization, Deposition, Electronics, Electrophoretic display, Evaporation, Organic electronics, Semiconductor, Separation, Solar cells, Substitutions

Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Richard Jansen and Philip Wallis* SouthWest NanoTechnologies, Inc. 2501 Technology Place Norman, OK 73071 *Email:
Keywords: Absorption, Catalysis, Centrifugation, Chemical vapor deposition, Diffraction, Indicators, Infrared spectroscopy, Nanotubes, Oxidations, Purification, Raman spectroscopy, Semiconductor, Solar cells, Sonication, Spectroscopy, Ultraviolet-Visible spectroscopy, X-Ray diffraction

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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1. Contrast and efficiency enhancement in organic light-emitting devices utilizing high absorption and high charge mobility organic layers Xie, W. F.; et al. Opt. Express 14, 7954 - 7959, (2006)


2. Color tunable metal-cavity organic light-emitting diodes with fullerene layer Han, S.; et al. J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093102, (2005)

Newman, C.R., et al. Chem. Mater. 16, 4436, (2004)

Quantitative trace analysis of fullerenes in river sediment from Spain and soils from Saudi Arabia Sanchis J, et al. Anal. Bioanal. Chem 405(18), 5915-5923

Benzyne Adds Across a Closed 5-6 Ring Fusion in C70: Evidence for Bond Delocalization in Fullerenes. Meier MS, et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 2337-2342, (1998)

The Effect of a Fullerene Water Suspension on the Growth, Cell, Viability, and Membrane Integrity of Escherichia coli B23. Aquino A, et al. J. Exp. Microbiol. Immunol. 14, 13-20

Silylethyne-Substituted Pentacenes Anthony JE, et al. Material Matters 4(3), 58

Genotoxicity, cytotoxicity, and reactive oxygen species induced by single-walled carbon nanotubes and C60 fullerenes in the FE1-Muta™Mouse lung epithelial cells. Jacobsen NR, et al. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 49(6), 476-487, (2008)

Synthesis and photophysical properties of a charm-bracelet type C60-grafted PPV derivative Che Y, et al. Polymer 46(23), 9803-9809, (2005)

Operation of a reversed pentacene-fullerene discrete heterojunction photovoltaic device Nanditha DM, et al. Appl. Phys. Lett., (2007)

Tetsuya T, et al. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., (2006)

Enhanced Open-Circuit Voltage in Subphthalocyanine/C60 Organic Photovoltaic Cells Mutolo, K.; Mayo, E.; Rand, B.; et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 8108-8109, (2006)


Formations of dumbbell C118 and C119 inside clusters of C60 molecules by collision with α particles. Zettergren H, Rousseau P, Wang Y, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 185501, (2013)


pH, ionic strength and dissolved organic matter alter aggregation of fullerene C60 nanoparticles suspensions in wastewater. Yang Y, Nakada N, Nakajima R, et al. J. Hazard. Mater. 244-245, 582-7, (2013)


Coordinative interactions between porphyrins and C60, La@C82, and La2@C80. Tsuchiya T, Rudolf M, Wolfrum S, et al. Chemistry 19(2), 558-65, (2013)


On the polarity of buckminsterfullerene with a water molecule inside. Ensing B, Costanzo F, and Silvestrelli PL J. Phys. Chem. A 116(49), 12184-8, (2012)


NMR chemical shift as analytical derivative of the Helmholtz free energy. Van den Heuvel W and Soncini A J. Chem. Phys. 138(5), 054113, (2013)


Separately doped upconversion-C60 nanoplatform for NIR imaging-guided photodynamic therapy of cancer cells. Liu X, Zheng M, Kong X, et al. Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 49(31), 3224-6, (2013)


Accumulation of lipids and oxidatively damaged DNA in hepatocytes exposed to particles. Vesterdal LK, Danielsen PH, Folkmann JK, et al. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 274(2), 350-60, (2014)


Decorating single layer graphene oxide with electron donor and acceptor molecules for the study of photoinduced electron transfer. Das SK, Kc CB, Ohkubo K, et al. Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 49(20), 2013-5, (2013)


[Biological study of fullerene C60]. Huang WD and Qian KX Sheng Li Ke Xue Jin Zhan 26(4), 367-9, (1995)


[The anti-inflammatory effect of fullerene C60 on adjuvant arthritis in rats]. Mamontova TV, Mykytiuk MV, Bobrova NO, et al. Fiziol. Zh. 59(3), 102-10, (2013)


Effect of fullerene C60 on ATPase activity and superprecipitation of skeletal muscle actomyosin. Andreichenko KS, Prylutska SV, Medynska KO, et al. Ukr. Biokhim. Zh. 85(2), 20-6, (2013)


Photoactivated fullerene C60 induces store-operated Ca2 entry and cytochrome c release in Jurkat cells. Grebinyk SM, Palyvoda KO, Prylutska SV, et al. Ukr. Biokhim. Zh. 84(6), 58-63, (2012)


[Study of cytotoxicity of fullerene C60 derivatives]. Bobylëv AG, Okuneva AD, Bobylëva LG, et al. Biofizika 57(5), 746-50, (2012)


Exciton dissociation and charge-transport enhancement in organic solar cells with quantum-dot/N-doped CNT hybrid nanomaterials. Lee JM, Kwon BH, Park HI, et al. Adv. Mater. 25(14), 2011-7, (2013)


C60-fullerene bound silica for the preconcentration and the fractionation of multiphosphorylated peptides. Fischnaller M, Bakry R, Vallant RM, et al. Anal. Chim. Acta 761, 92-101, (2013)


An electrochemical immunosensor for sensitive detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 using C60 based biocompatible platform and enzyme functionalized Pt nanochains tracing tag. Li Y, Fang L, Cheng P, et al. Biosens. Bioelectron. 49, 485-91, (2013)


Complexation of C60 fullerene with aromatic drugs. Evstigneev MP, Buchelnikov AS, Voronin DP, et al. ChemPhysChem 14(3), 568-78, (2013)


Modulation of gene expression of adenosine and metabotropic glutamate receptors in rat's neuronal cells exposed to L-glutamate and [60]fullerene. Giust D, Da Ros T, Martín M, et al. J. Biomed. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 1610-9, (2014)


Depth-profiling X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis of interlayer diffusion in polyelectrolyte multilayers. Gilbert JB, Rubner MF, and Cohen RE Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 110(17), 6651-6, (2013)


Glyconanosomes: disk-shaped nanomaterials for the water solubilization and delivery of hydrophobic molecules. Assali M, Cid JJ, Pernía-Leal M, et al. ACS Nano 7(3), 2145-53, (2013)


Stimuli-responsive water-soluble fullerene (C60) polymeric systems. Yao Z and Tam KC Macromol. Rapid Commun. 32(23), 1863-85, (2011)


Effect of C60 fullerenes on the accumulation of weathered p,p'-DDE by plant and earthworm species under single and multispecies conditions. Kelsey JW and White JC Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 32(5), 1117-23, (2013)


Effects of alkoxy chain length in alkoxy-substituted dihydronaphthyl-based [60]fullerene bisadduct acceptors on their photovoltaic properties. Meng X, Xu Q, Zhang W, et al. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 5966-73, (2012)


Biochemical and hematologic effects of polyvinylpyrrolidone-wrapped fullerene C60 after oral administration. Yamashita K, Yoshioka Y, Pan H, et al. Pharmazie 68(1), 54-7, (2013)


Analysis of C60-fullerene derivatives and pristine fullerenes in environmental samples by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure photoionization-mass spectrometry. Astefanei A, Núñez O, and Galceran MT J. Chromatogr. A. 1365, 61-71, (2014)


Spin-based diagnostic of nanostructure in copper phthalocyanine-C60 solar cell blends. Warner M, Mauthoor S, Felton S, et al. ACS Nano 6(12), 10808-15, (2012)


Fullerene c60: inhalation hazard assessment and derivation of a period-limited acceptable exposure level. Shinohara N, Gamo M, and Nakanishi J Toxicol. Sci. 123(2), 576-89, (2011)


Re-Re bond breaking of (μ-H)3Re3(CO)11(NCMe) upon reaction with PPh2(o-C6H4)(CH2NMeCH)C60 to generates monorhenium and dirhenium phosphino-fullerene complexes. Chen CH and Yeh WY Dalton Trans. 42(7), 2488-94, (2013)


Receptor- and ligand-based study of fullerene analogues: comprehensive computational approach including quantum-chemical, QSAR and molecular docking simulations. Ahmed L, Rasulev B, Turabekova M, et al. Org. Biomol. Chem. 11(35), 5798-808, (2013)


Understanding high-yield catalyst-free growth of horizontally aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes nucleated by activated C60 species. Ibrahim I, Bachmatiuk A, Grimm D, et al. ACS Nano 6(12), 10825-34, (2012)


First-principles vdW-DF investigation on the interaction between the oxazepam molecule and C₆₀ fullerene. Ganji MD, Nashtahosseini M, Yeganegi S, et al. J. Mol. Model. 19(4), 1929-36, (2013)


Functionalization of the tetrairon cluster Cp4Fe4(CO)4 with fulleropyrrolidine. Yeh WY and Wu SH Dalton Trans. 42(34), 12260-4, (2013)


Effects of dilution on the properties of nC₆₀. Chang X and Vikesland PJ Environ. Pollut. 181, 51-9, (2013)


Histopathology of fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) exposed to hydroxylated fullerenes. Jovanović B, Whitley EM, and Palić D Nanotoxicology 8(7), 755-63, (2014)


Mechanical characteristics of human red blood cell membrane change due to C60 nanoparticle infiltration. Zhang X, Zhang Y, Zheng Y, et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(7), 2473-81, (2013)


Supramolecular gel-assisted formation of fullerene nanorods. Zhang C, Wang J, Wang JJ, et al. Chemistry 18(47), 14954-6, (2012)


NMR spectroscopic study of the complexation behaviors of deuterated cyclodextrins and [60]fullerene. Ikeda A, Hida T, Kikuchi J, et al. Org. Lett. 15(24), 6194-7, (2013)


Modification of antioxidative and antiapoptotic genes expression in irradiated K562 cells upon fullerenol C60(OH)24 nanoparticle treatment. Stankov K, Borisev I, Kojic V, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 105-13, (2013)


Time resolved spectroscopy and gain studies of Fullerenes C60 and C70. Qaiser D, Khan MS, Singh RD, et al. Spectrochim. Acta. A. Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 113, 400-7, (2013)


Growth of fullerene fragments using the Diels-Alder cycloaddition reaction: first step towards a C60 synthesis by dimerization. Mojica M, Méndez F, and Alonso JA Molecules 18(2), 2243-54, (2013)


Preparation and characterization of fullerene (C60) amino acid nanoparticles for liver cancer cell treatment. Li Z, Pan LL, Zhang FL, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 14(6), 4513-8, (2014)


Fullerene-C60 derivatives prevent UV-irradiation/ TiO2-induced cytotoxicity on keratinocytes and 3D-skin tissues through antioxidant actions. Kato S, Aoshima H, Saitoh Y, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 14(5), 3285-91, (2014)


Endohedral complexes of fullerene C60 with small convalent molecules (H2O, NH3, H2, 2H2, 3H2, 4H2, O2, O3) in the context of potential drug transporter system. Medrek M, Pluciński F, and Mazurek AP Acta Pol. Pharm. 70(4), 659-65, (2013)


Merck 14,1462

FT-IR 2 (3), 4714:A / RegBook 1 (3), 3215:K / Structure Index 1, 509:A:6

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