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D150959 Aldrich

1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride

97%

Synonym: Metformin

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Description

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions are available for this Product.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Metformin is an antidiabetic agent that reduces blood glucose levels and improves insulin sensitivity. Its metabolic effects, including the inhibition of hepatic gluconeogenesis, are mediated at least in part by activation of the LKB1-AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) pathway. Activation of this pathway also appears to be involved in the antiproliferative and proapoptotic actions of metformin in cancer cell lines.

Packaging

5 g in glass bottle

Application

1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride is suitable biguanide agent used in a study to investigate its role in enhancing the secretions of plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels. It may be used in the synthesis of the following:
• bis(1,1-dimethylbiguanido)copper(II) octahydrate
• bis(1,1-dimethylbiguanido)nickel(II)
• 1,1-dimethylbiguanidium tetrabromothallate(III)

General description

1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride (metformin) is a strong base. It forms well defined salts and possessing excellent coordination capacity with transition metals, forming highly colored bidentate chelate complexes. Metformin (MET) exists in various forms: diprotonated (H2MET)2+ in strong acidic solution, monoprotonated (HMET)+ in weak acid, MET in neutral and deprotonated (MET)- in strong alkali solution. It is an oral antidiabetic drug. Pharmacokinetics of metformin has been studied. Determination of metformin in human plasma has been described by simple HPLC-UV method. Metformin is reported to increase plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in humans.

Price and Availability

Suggested Laboratory Gloves


Laboratory GlovesThis substance has been tested against several types of hand protection for CE compliance. Click below to find the recommended gloves for handling this product.




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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
DU1800000
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Insulin Signaling and Energy Homeostasis

Glucose metabolism is regulated by the opposing actions of insulin and glucagon. Insulin is released from pancreatic ß cells in response to high blood glucose levels and regulates glucose metabolism ...
Linda Stephenson, Ph.D.
Biofiles v6 n4, 2011
Keywords: Apoptosis, Biological processes, Carboxylations, Catalog, Diabetes, Gene expression, Gluconeogenesis, Glycolysis, Hormones, Metabolism, Metabolites, Transcription, Transduction, Type

Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressors Reprogram Metabolism

Proliferating cells require the biosynthesis of structural components for biomass production and for genomic replication. This requires a reprogramming of the metabolic pathways to ensure nutrients s...
Keywords: Aerobic, Antitumor agents, Apoptosis, Biofiles, Cancer, Citric Acid Cycle, Degradations, Environmental, Events, Gene expression, Glycolysis, Growth factors, Metabolic Pathways, Metabolism, Metabolites, Nucleotide Synthesis, PAGE, Pentose phosphate pathway, Phosphorylations, Support

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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