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T73601 Aldrich

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene

98%

Synonym: Pseudocumene

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Properties

Related Categories Arenes, Building Blocks, Chemical Synthesis, Organic Building Blocks
vapor density   4.1 (vs air)
vapor pressure   4.5 mmHg ( 37.7 °C)
assay   98%
autoignition temp.   959 °F
expl. lim.   6.4 %
refractive index   n20/D 1.504(lit.)
bp   168 °C(lit.)
mp   −44 °C(lit.)
density   0.876 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)

Description

Packaging

2 L in glass bottle

25, 500 mL in glass bottle

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Signal word 
Danger
RIDADR 
UN 3295C 3 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
DC3325000
Flash Point(F) 
118.4 °F
Flash Point(C) 
48 °C

Protocols & Articles

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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Characterization and application of xylene monooxygenase for multistep biocatalysis. Bühler B, Witholt B, Hauer B, et al. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68(2), 560-8, (2002)

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Use of the two-liquid phase concept to exploit kinetically controlled multistep biocatalysis. Bühler B, Bollhalder I, Hauer B, et al. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 81(6), 683-94, (2003)

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Chemical biotechnology for the specific oxyfunctionalization of hydrocarbons on a technical scale. Bühler B, Bollhalder I, Hauer B, et al. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 82(7), 833-42, (2003)

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In situ biodegradation determined by carbon isotope fractionation of aromatic hydrocarbons in an anaerobic landfill leachate plume (Vejen, Denmark). Richnow HH, Meckenstock RU, Reitzel LA, et al. J. Contam. Hydrol. 64(1-2), 59-72, (2003)

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Xylene monooxygenase catalyzes the multistep oxygenation of toluene and pseudocumene to corresponding alcohols, aldehydes, and acids in Escherichia coli JM101. Bühler B, Schmid A, Hauer B, et al. J. Biol. Chem. 275(14), 10085-92, (2000)

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The effects of aliphatic (n-nonane), naphtenic (1,2, 4-trimethylcyclohexane), and aromatic (1,2,4-trimethylbenzene) hydrocarbons on respiratory burst in human neutrophil granulocytes. Myhre O, Vestad TA, Sagstuen E, et al. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 167(3), 222-30, (2000)

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Pseudocumene in brain, liver, lung and blood of rats after single and repeated inhalation exposure. Swiercz R, Wiaderna D, Wasowicz W, et al. Int. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health 16(1), 61-6, (2003)

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[The lipid peroxidation system in the organism of experimental animals after exposure to cyclic hydrocarbons]. Shakirov DF and Enikeev DA Patol. Fiziol. Eksp. Ter. (1), 26-8, (2003)

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[Effect of 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene inhalation on energy metabolism in experimental animals]. Shakirov DF and Enikeev DA Patol. Fiziol. Eksp. Ter. (4), 13-6, (2002)

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Toxicokinetics and metabolism of pseudocumene (1,2,4-trimethylbenzene) after inhalation exposure in rats. Swiercz R, Rydzyński K, Wasowicz W, et al. Int. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health 15(1), 37-42, (2002)

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[Microsomal monooxygenases upon inhalation exposure to pseudocumene and durene]. Shakirov DF Gig. Sanit. (4), 53-6, (2001)

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Sub-chronic inhalation toxicity of 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (pseudocumene) in rats. Korsak Z, Stetkiewicz J, Majcherek W, et al. Int. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health 13(2), 155-64, (2000)

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The effect of aliphatic, naphthenic, and aromatic hydrocarbons on production of reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species in rat brain synaptosome fraction: the involvement of calcium, nitric oxide synthase, mitochondria, and phospholipase A. Myhre O and Fonnum F Biochem. Pharmacol. 62(1), 119-28, (2001)

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Application of microbial enumeration technique to evaluate the occurrence of natural bioremediation. Kao CM, Chen SC, Liu JK, et al. Water Res. 35(8), 1951-60, (2001)

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Biodegradation of soluble aromatic compounds of jet fuel under anaerobic conditions: laboratory batch experiments. Zheng Z, Breedveld G, and Aagaard P Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 57(4), 572-8, (2001)

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Kinetics and mechanism of the reaction of OH with the trimethylbenzenes--experimental evidence for the formation of adduct isomers. Bohn B and Zetzsch C Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14(40), 13933-48, (2012)

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QSPR modeling of octanol/water partition coefficient for vitamins by optimal descriptors calculated with SMILES. A A Toropov et al Eur. J. Med. Chem. 43, 714-40, (2008)

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In vitro evaluation of the efficacy of skin barrier creams and protective gloves on percutaneous absorption of industrial solvents. Korinth G, Geh S, Schaller KH, et al. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 76(5), 382-6, (2003)

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Application of monitored natural attenuation to remediate a petroleum-hydrocarbon spill site. Kao CM, Huang WY, Chang LJ, et al. Water Sci. Technol. 53(2), 321-8, (2006)

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Behavioral effects following subacute inhalation exposure to m-xylene or trimethylbenzene in the rat: a comparative study. Gralewicz S and Wiaderna D Neurotoxicology 22(1), 79-89, (2001)

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Developmental toxicity of two trimethylbenzene isomers, mesitylene and pseudocumene, in rats following inhalation exposure. Saillenfait AM, Gallissot F, Sabate JP, et al. Food Chem. Toxicol. 43(7), 1055-63, (2005)

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Selection of microbial populations degrading recalcitrant hydrocarbons of gasoline by monitoring of culture-headspace composition. Solano-Serena F, Marchal R, Lebeault JM, et al. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 30(1), 19-22, (2000)

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Neurobehavioral effects of acute exposure to aromatic hydrocarbons. McKee RH, Lammers JH, Muijser H, et al. Int. J. Toxicol. 29(3), 277-90, (2010)

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Comparison of the efficacy of biodegradable and non-biodegradable scintillation liquids on the counting of tritium- and [14C]-labeled compounds. Medeiros RB, Godinho RO, and Mattos MF Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 36(12), 1733-9, (2003)

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Contrasting effects of 4-week inhalation exposure to pseudocumene or hemimellitene on sensitivity to amphetamine and propensity to amphetamine sensitization in the rat. Lutz P, Gralewicz S, Wiaderna D, et al. Int. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health 23(1), 85-94, (2010)

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High-energy physics. Environmental report paralyzes Italian neutrino lab. Hellemans A and Seife C Science 300(5626), 1634, (2003)

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Merck 14,7915

Beil. 5,IV,1010

Aldrich MSDS 1, 1787:A / Corp MSDS 1 (2), 3483:A / FT-IR 2 (2), 1638:C / FT-IR 1 (1), 942:A / FT-NMR 1 (2), 17:C / IR-Spectra (2), 505:B / IR-Spectra (3), 567:C / NMR-Reference 2 (1), 744:D / RegBook 1 (1), 1135:L / Sax 6, 2664 / Structure Index 1, 175:D:3 / Vapor Phase 3, 862:B

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