EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

W217816 Aldrich

Butyl alcohol

natural, ≥99.5%, FCC, FG

Synonym: 1-Butanol, n-Butanol, Butyl alcohol

Purchase

Properties

Related Categories A-B, A-D, Alphabetical Listings, Certified Food Grade Products, Certified Natural Products,
grade   FG
  Kosher
  natural
reg. compliance   FCC
  FDA 21 CFR (172.515)
vapor density   2.55 (vs air)
assay   ≥99.5%
autoignition temp.   649 °F
expl. lim.   11.2 %
refractive index   n20/D 1.399(lit.)
bp   116-118 °C(lit.)
mp   −90 °C(lit.)
density   0.81 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
Organoleptic   banana; vanilla
food allergen   no known allergens

Description

Packaging

1 kg in glass bottle

4, 8 kg in steel drum

Legal Information

For R&D Use and/or Food Manufacturing only

Other Notes

Download our Flavors and Fragrances Catalog to view our entire product line.

Subscribe to our Newsletter to keep up to date on our latest Flavors and Fragrances offerings.

Price and Availability

Suggested Laboratory Gloves


Laboratory GlovesThis substance has been tested against several types of hand protection for CE compliance. Click below to find the recommended gloves for handling this product.






F&F Products On Sale Now

Customers Also Viewed

1-Butanol

CHROMASOLV® Plus, for HPLC, ≥99.7%

1-Butanol
3604651-Butanol

ACS reagent, ≥99.4%

Butyl alcohol

≥99.9%, FCC

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Securing a Traceable Supply Chain for Food Grade Flavor Ingredients

Introduction Defining "Food Grade" Understanding "Food Grade" Versus "Industrial Grade" Top Questions to Ask a Flavor & Fragrances Supplier The Sigma-Aldrich Approach
Keywords: Food & Beverage, Food Safety, Solvents

The Complex Regulatory Landscape for Natural Flavor Ingredients

Mr. Michael Sabisch, Senior Quality Assurance Specialist and Mr. David Smith, International Sales Coordinator, Sigma-Aldrich Flavors & Fragrances
Keywords: Fermentation, Food Safety, Oxidations

Understanding the Complexities of Kosher Ingredients

Dr. Luke Grocholl, Quality Assurance Supervisor, Sigma-Aldrich Flavors & Fragrances and Rabbi Gershon Segal
Keywords: Fermentation, Food & Beverage, Safety industry

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

Set your institution to view full text papers.

Increased fructose concentrations in blood and urine in patients with diabetes. Kawasaki T, Akanuma H, and Yamanouchi T Diabetes Care 25(2), 353-7, (2002)

Loading...


Effect of acute hyperketonemia on the cerebral uptake of ketone bodies in nondiabetic subjects and IDDM patients. Blomqvist G, Alvarsson M, Grill V, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 283(1), E20-8, (2002)

Loading...


Evidence that alkaline phosphatase from human neutrophils is the same gene product as the liver/kidney/bone isoenzyme. Gainer AL and Stinson RA Clin. Chim. Acta 123(1-2), 11-7, (1982)

Loading...


Integration of chemical catalysis with extractive fermentation to produce fuels. Anbarasan P, Baer ZC, Sreekumar S, et al. Nature 491(7423), 235-9, (2012)

Loading...


Hydrophobic properties of alkaline phosphatases. Wulkan RW, Huijskes-Heins MI, and Leijnse B Int. J. Biochem. 18(11), 1045-51, (1986)

Loading...


Near-real-time analysis of the phenotypic responses of Escherichia coli to 1-butanol exposure using Raman Spectroscopy. Zu TN, Athamneh AI, Wallace RS, et al. J. Bacteriol. 196(23), 3983-91, (2014)

Loading...


Phytochemical screening and in-vitro antioxidant activity isolated bioactive compounds from Tridax procumbens Linn. Saxena M, Mir AH, Sharma M, et al. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 16(24), 1971-7, (2013)

Loading...


Normal smell identification score and N-butanol threshold in Thai adults. Chaiyasate S, Roongrotwattanasiri K, Hanprasertpong N, et al. J. Med. Assoc. Thai. 96(3), 324-8, (2013)

Loading...


Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of Buchenavia tetraphylla (Aubl.) R. A. Howard (Combretaceae: Combretoideae). de Oliveira YL, Nascimento da Silva LC, da Silva AG, et al. ScientificWorldJournal 2012, 849302, (2012)

Loading...


[Possible pathways of heat resistance induction in plant cells by exogenous nitrogen oxide]. Karpets IuV, Kolupaev IuE, Iastreb TO, et al. Tsitol. Genet. 46(6), 28-35, (2012)

Loading...


Cyclodextrin-mediated enantioseparation in microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography. Borst C and Holzgrabe U Methods Mol. Biol. 970, 363-75, (2013)

Loading...


[1-butanol synthesis by Escherichia coli cells through butyryl-CoA formation by heterologous enzymes of clostridia and native enzymes of fatty acid beta-oxidation]. Gulevich AIu, Skorokhodova AIu, Morzhakova AA, et al. Prikl. Biokhim. Mikrobiol. 48(4), 383-8, (2012)

Loading...


Hyperventilation in severe diabetic ketoacidosis. Tasker RC, Lutman D, and Peters MJ Pediatr. Crit. Care Med. 6(4), 405-11, (2005)

Loading...


Water structural transformation at molecular hydrophobic interfaces. Davis JG, Gierszal KP, Wang P, et al. Nature 491(7425), 582-5, (2012)

Loading...


Use of high-resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for rapid multi-component analysis of urine. Bales JR, Higham DP, Howe I, et al. Clin. Chem. 30(3), 426-32, (1984)

Loading...


Calculating virtual log P in the alkane/water system (log P(N)(alk)) and its derived parameters deltalog P(N)(oct-alk) and log D(pH)(alk). Giulia Caron et al J. Med. Chem. 48, 3269-79, (2005)

Loading...


N-methylethanolamine attenuates cardiac fibrosis and improves diastolic function: inhibition of phospholipase D as a possible mechanism. Yamamoto K, Takahashi Y, Mano T, et al. Eur. Heart J. 25(14), 1221-9, (2004)

Loading...


1,5-anhydroglucitol and postprandial hyperglycemia as measured by continuous glucose monitoring system in moderately controlled patients with diabetes. Dungan KM, Buse JB, Largay J, et al. Diabetes Care 29(6), 1214-9, (2006)

Loading...


Kinetics of the hydrogen atom abstraction reactions from 1-butanol by hydroxyl radical: theory matches experiment and more. Seal P, Oyedepo G, and Truhlar DG J. Phys. Chem. A 117(2), 275-82, (2013)

Loading...


Biofuels combustion. Westbrook CK Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 64, 201-19, (2013)

Loading...


Analysis of volatile organic compounds in human urine by headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with a multipurpose sampler. Wahl HG, Hoffmann A, Luft D, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 847(1-2), 117-25, (1999)

Loading...


Ab initio kinetics for the decomposition of hydroxybutyl and butoxy radicals of n-butanol. Zhang P, Klippenstein SJ, and Law CK J. Phys. Chem. A 117(9), 1890-906, (2013)

Loading...


Intranasal insulin reduces olfactory sensitivity in normosmic humans. Brünner YF, Benedict C, and Freiherr J J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 98(10), E1626-30, (2013)

Loading...


Biofuel combustion. Energetics and kinetics of hydrogen abstraction from carbon-1 in n-butanol by the hydroperoxyl radical calculated by coupled cluster and density functional theories and multistructural variational transition-state theory with multidimensional tunneling. Alecu IM, Zheng J, Papajak E, et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 116(50), 12206-13, (2012)

Loading...


Preparative isolation and purification of five steroid saponins from Dioscorea zingiberensis C.H.Wright by counter-current chromatography coupled with evaporative light scattering detector. Zhang X, Ito Y, Liang J, et al. J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 84, 117-23, (2013)

Loading...


Can serum beta-hydroxybutyrate be used to diagnose diabetic ketoacidosis? Sheikh-Ali M, Karon BS, Basu A, et al. Diabetes Care 31(4), 643-7, (2008)

Loading...


Serum 8-hydroxy-guanine levels are increased in diabetic patients. Shin CS, Moon BS, Park KS, et al. Diabetes Care 24(4), 733-7, (2001)

Loading...


D-chiro-inositol metabolism in diabetes mellitus. Ostlund RE, McGill JB, Herskowitz I, et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 90(21), 9988-92, (1993)

Loading...


Solid lipid nanoparticle preparation by a warm microemulsion based process: influence of microemulsion microstructure. Fadda P, Monduzzi M, Caboi F, et al. Int. J. Pharm. 446(1-2), 166-75, (2013)

Loading...


Uric acid concentration in subjects at risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: relationship to components of the metabolic syndrome. Costa A, Igualá I, Bedini J, et al. Metabolism 51(3), 372-5, (2002)

Loading...


Urinary excretion of acetylcarnitine during human diabetic and fasting ketosis. Hoppel CL and Genuth SM Am. J. Physiol. 243(2), E168-72, (1982)

Loading...


Effects of ionization on the percutaneous absorption of drugs: partitioning of nicotine into organic liquids and hydrated stratum corneum. Oakley DM and Swarbrick J J. Pharm. Sci. 76(12), 866-71, (1987)

Loading...


Wood pulp as an immobilization matrix for the continuous production of isopropanol and butanol. Survase SA, van Heiningen A, and Granström T J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 40(2), 209-15, (2013)

Loading...


A sample pretreatment strategy for pH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography. Yang Y, Gu D, Chen Q, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1273, 44-8, (2013)

Loading...


A role for phospholipase D in angiotensin II-induced protein kinase D activation in adrenal glomerulosa cell models. Olala LO, Seremwe M, Tsai YY, et al. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 366(1), 31-7, (2013)

Loading...


Fluorimetric assay of D-lactate. McLellan AC, Phillips SA, and Thornalley PJ Anal. Biochem. 206(1), 12-6, (1992)

Loading...


Determination of 3-methylhistidine and 1-methylhistidine in untreated urine samples by capillary electrophoresis. Tůma P, Samcová E, and Balínová P J. Chromatogr. B. Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci. 821(1), 53-9, (2005)

Loading...


Purification and characterization of interferon-gamma-inducing molecule of OK-432, a penicillin-killed streptococcal preparation, by monoclonal antibody neutralizing interferon-gamma-inducing activity of OK-432. Okamoto M, Kaji R, Kasetani H, et al. J. Immunother. Emphasis Tumor Immunol. 13(4), 232-42, (1993)

Loading...


Catalytic conversion of bio-oil to oxygen-containing fuels by simultaneous reactions with 1-butanol and 1-octene over solid acids: Model compound studies and reaction pathways. Zhang ZJ, Sui SJ, Tan S, et al. Bioresour. Technol. 130, 789-92, (2013)

Loading...


Biofiltration of a mixture of ethylene, ammonia, n-butanol, and acetone gases. Lee SH, Li C, Heber AJ, et al. Bioresour. Technol. 127, 366-77, (2013)

Loading...


Quantification of endogenous aliphatic alcohols in serum and urine. Liebich HM, Buelow HJ, and Kallmayer R J. Chromatogr. A 239, 343-9, (1982)

Loading...


Inhibition by alcohols of the localization of radioactive nitrosonornicotine in sites of tumor formation. Waddell WJ and Marlowe C Science 221(4605), 51-3, (1983)

Loading...


The preparation of monoclonal antibodies to human bone and liver alkaline phosphatase and their use in immunoaffinity purification and in studying these enzymes when present in serum. Bailyes EM, Seabrook RN, Calvin J, et al. Biochem. J. 244(3), 725-33, (1987)

Loading...


Dimethylamine in human urine. Zhang AQ, Mitchell SC, and Smith RL Clin. Chim. Acta 233(1-2), 81-8, (1995)

Loading...


Multiple forms of alkaline phosphatases in human liver tissue. Seiffert UB, Siede WH, Welsch GJ, et al. Clin. Chim. Acta 144(1), 17-27, (1984)

Loading...


Characterization of the activation of rat liver beta-glucosidase by sialosylgangliotetraosylceramide. Basu A and Glew RH J. Biol. Chem. 260(24), 13067-73, (1985)

Loading...


DNA adduct formation by the environmental contaminant 3-nitrobenzanthrone after intratracheal instillation in rats. Bieler CA, Cornelius MG, Klein R, et al. Int. J. Cancer 116(6), 833-8, (2005)

Loading...


Hydration shell parameters of aqueous alcohols: THz excess absorption and packing density. Matvejev V, Zizi M, and Stiens J J. Phys. Chem. B 116(48), 14071-7, (2012)

Loading...


Selective n-butanol production by Clostridium sp. MTButOH1365 during continuous synthesis gas fermentation due to expression of synthetic thiolase, 3-hydroxy butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase, crotonase, butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase, butyraldehyde dehydrogenase, and NAD-dependent butanol dehydrogenase. Berzin V, Tyurin M, and Kiriukhin M Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 169(3), 950-9, (2013)

Loading...


DNA adduct formation by the ubiquitous environmental pollutant 3-nitrobenzanthrone and its metabolites in rats. Arlt VM, Sorg BL, Osborne M, et al. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 300(1), 107-14, (2003)

Loading...


Serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (Glycomark) levels in children with and without type 1 diabetes mellitus. Nguyen TM, Rodriguez LM, Mason KJ, et al. Pediatr. Diabetes 8(4), 214-9, (2007)

Loading...


Effect of bromelain on alkaline phosphatases of intestinal and non-intestinal tissues and serum. Kalimanovska V, Whitaker KB, and Moss DW Clin. Chim. Acta 170(2-3), 219-25, (1987)

Loading...


Genetic determinants for n-butanol tolerance in evolved Escherichia coli mutants: cross adaptation and antagonistic pleiotropy between n-butanol and other stressors. Reyes LH, Abdelaal AS, and Kao KC Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 79(17), 5313-20, (2013)

Loading...


Contribution of 3-hydroxyisobutyrate to the measurement of 3-hydroxybutyrate in human plasma: comparison of enzymatic and gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry assays in normal and in diabetic subjects. Avogaro A and Bier DM J. Lipid Res. 30(11), 1811-7, (1989)

Loading...


Capillary gas chromatographic determination of methylglyoxal from serum of diabetic patients by precolumn derivatization with 1,2-diamonopropane. Khuhawar MY, Zardari LA, and Laghari AJ J. Chromatogr. B. Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci. 873(1), 15-9, (2008)

Loading...


Enhanced alcohol electrocatalysis with the introduction of magnetic composites into nickel electrocatalysts. Lee GG, Leddy J, and Minteer SD Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(98), 11972-4, (2012)

Loading...


Convenient QSAR model for predicting the complexation of structurally diverse compounds with beta-cyclodextrins. Alfonso Pérez-Garrido et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. 17, 896-904, (2009)

Loading...


Phospholipase D activation mediates cobalamin-induced downregulation of Multidrug Resistance-1 gene and increase in sensitivity to vinblastine in HepG2 cells. Marguerite V, Gkikopoulou E, Alberto JM, et al. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 45(2), 213-20, (2013)

Loading...


Longitudinal hair chromium profiles of elderly subjects with normal glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Stupar J, Vrtovec M, and Dolinsek F Metabolism 56(1), 94-104, (2007)

Loading...


Identification of a butanol-extractable human placenta-specific antigen with alkaline phosphatase activity. Chang CH and Angellis D J. Immunol. 117(1), 91-6, (1976)

Loading...


Enhancing effect of alpha-hydroxyacids on "in vitro" permeation across the human skin of compounds with different lipophilicity. Copoví A, Díez-Sales O, Herráez-Domínguez JV, et al. Int. J. Pharm. 314(1), 31-6, (2006)

Loading...


Estriol serum levels, neonatal vitality and stromal villous edema in diabetic pregnancies. Giussi GA, Ballejo G, and Benedetti WL Acta Diabetol. Lat. 16(2), 105-10, (1979)

Loading...


Partition behavior of surfactants, butanol, and salt during application of density-modified displacement of dense non-aqueous phase liquids. Damrongsiri S, Tongcumpou C, and Sabatini DA J. Hazard. Mater. 248-249, 261-7, (2013)

Loading...


Liquid phase esterification of acetic acid over WO3 promoted β-SiC in a solvent free system. Mishra G, Behera GC, Singh SK, et al. Dalton Trans. 41(47), 14299-308, (2012)

Loading...


Hydrophilic organic/salt-containing aqueous two-phase solvent system for counter-current chromatography: a novel technique for separation of polar compounds. Liu D, Zou X, Gao M, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1356, 157-62, (2014)

Loading...


The metabolic effect of dodecanedioic acid infusion in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Greco AV, Mingrone G, Capristo E, et al. Nutrition 14(4), 351-7, (1998)

Loading...


Phytochemical and in vitro total antioxidant capacity analyses of peel extracts of different cultivars of Cucumis melo and Citrullus lanatus. Asghar MN, Shahzad MT, Nadeem I, et al. Pharm. Biol. 51(2), 226-32, (2013)

Loading...


Serum hyaluronan concentration as a marker of angiopathy in patients with diabetes mellitus. Mine S, Okada Y, Kawahara C, et al. Endocr. J. 53(6), 761-6, (2006)

Loading...


Metabolic effects of an enteral nutrition formula for diabetes: comparison with standard formulas in patients with type 1 diabetes. del Carmen Crespillo M, Olveira G, de Adana MS, et al. Clin. Nutr. 22(5), 483-7, (2003)

Loading...


Comparison of oral insulin spray and subcutaneous regular insulin at mealtime in type 1 diabetes. Guevara-Aguirre J, Guevara-Aguirre M, Saavedra J, et al. Diabetes Technol. Ther. 9(4), 372-6, (2007)

Loading...


Matrix metalloproteinase, hyaluronidase and elastase inhibitory potential of standardized extract of Centella asiatica. Nema NK, Maity N, Sarkar BK, et al. Pharm. Biol. 51(9), 1182-7, (2013)

Loading...


Effect of aqueous extract and fractions of Zhi-Zi-Hou-Pu decoction against depression in inescapable stressed mice: Restoration of monoamine neurotransmitters in discrete brain regions. Yao AM, Ma FF, Zhang LL, et al. Pharm. Biol. 51(2), 213-20, (2013)

Loading...


Photodegradation of dioxin in contaminated soil in the presence of solvents and nanoscale TiO2 particles. Binh ND, Oanh NT, and Parkpian P Environ. Technol. 35(9-12), 1121-32, (2014)

Loading...


Free radical scavenging and total antioxidant capacity of root extracts of Anchomanes difformis Engl. (Araceae). Aliyu AB, Ibrahim MA, Musa AM, et al. Acta Pol. Pharm. 70(1), 115-21, (2013)

Loading...


Amended final report of the safety assessment of t-Butyl Alcohol as used in cosmetics. Chen M Int. J. Toxicol. 24 Suppl 2, 1-20, (2005)

Loading...


Study of phenolic content and urease and alpha-amylase inhibitory activities of methanolic extract of Rumex acetosella roots and its sub-fractions in different solvents. Ahmed D, Mughal QM, Younas S, et al. Pak. J. Pharm. Sci. 26(3), 553-9, (2013)

Loading...


Merck 14,1540

Beil. 1,IV,1506

Aldrich MSDS 1, 304:B / Arctander, 389 / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 604:D / FT-IR 1 (1), 110:A / FT-IR 2 (1), 161:B / FT-NMR 1 (1), 164:A / Fenaroli / IR-Spectra (2), 64:D / IR-Spectra (3), 66:D / NMR-Reference 2 (1), 101:D / RegBook 1 (1), 121:F / RegBook 89 (1), 121:F / Sax 6, 563 / Structure Index 1, 14:B:2 / Vapor Phase 3, 156:B

Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?