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Z271799 Aldrich

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals

  •  ISBN-10 0309052297

  •  ISBN-13 978-030905229-0

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publication info   , 1995, 448 pp., hard cover

Description

General description

This volume updates and combines two National Academy Press bestsellers--Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous
Chemicals in Laboratories and Prudent Practices for Disposal of Chemicals from Laboratories--which have served for more than a decade as leading sources of chemical safety guidelines for the laboratory. Developed by experts from academia and industry, with specialties in such areas as chemical sciences, pollution prevention, and laboratory safety, Prudent Practices for Safety in Laboratories provides step-by-step planning procedures for handling, storage, and disposal of chemicals. The volume explores the current culture of laboratory safety and provides an updated guide to federal regulations. Organized around a recommended workflow protocol for experiments, the book offers prudent practices designed to promote safety and it includes practical information on assessing hazards, managing chemicals, disposing of wastes, and more. Prudent Practices for Safety in Laboratories is essential reading for people working with laboratory chemicals: research chemists, technicians, safety officers, chemistry educators, and students.

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
THE CULTURE OF LABORATORY SAFETY
Introduction
The New Culture of Laboratory Safety
Responsibility and Accountability for Laboratory Safety
Special Safety Considerations in Academic Laboratories
The Safety Culture in Industry
Factors That Are Changing the Culture of Safety
Organization of This Report
PRUDENT PLANNING OF EXPERIMENTS
Introduction
Levels of Formality in Experiment Planning
Individual Responsibilities for Planning Experiments
Institutional Policies and Emergency Response Planning
Steps for Planning an Experiment
EVALUATING HAZARDS AND ASSESSING RISKS IN THE LABORATORY
Introduction
Sources of Information
Toxic Effects of Laboratory Chemicals
Flammable, Reactive, and Explosive Hazards
Physical Hazards
Biohazards
Hazards from Radioactivity
MANAGEMENT OF CHEMICALS
Introduction
Source Reduction
Acquisition of Chemicals
Inventory and Tracking of Chemicals
Storage of Chemicals in Stockrooms and Laboratories
Recycling of Chemicals, Containers, and Packaging
WORKING WITH CHEMICALS
Introduction
Prudent Planning
General Procedures for Working with Hazardous Chemicals
Working with Substances of High Toxicity
Working with Biohazardous and Radioactive Materials
Working with Flammable Chemicals
Working with Highly Reactive or Explosive Chemicals
Working with Compressed Gases
WORKING WITH LABORATORY EQUIPMENT
Introduction
Working with Water-Cooled Equipment
Working with Electrically Powered Laboratory Equipment
Working with Compressed Gases
Working with High/Low Pressures and Temperatures
Using Personal Protective, Safety, and Emergency Equipment
Emergency Procedures
DISPOSAL OF WASTE
Introduction
Chemically Hazardous Waste
Multihazardous Waste
Procedures for the Laboratory-Scale Treatment of Surplus and Waste Chemicals
LABORATORY FACILITIES
Introduction
Laboratory Inspection Programs
Laboratory Ventilation
Pressure Control Systems
Special Systems
Maintenance of Ventilation Systems
GOVERNMENTAL REGULATION OF LABOR/′TORIES
Introduction
Risk and Regulation
The OSHA Laboratory Standard: Occupational Exposure To Hazardous Chemicals in
Laboratories
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
The Clean Air Act
SARA Title 111, Community Right-To-Know and Emergency Notification and Response
The Toxic Substances Control Act
Regulation of Laboratory Design and Construction
BIBLIOGRAPHY
APPENDIXES
A Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in
Laboratories
B Laboratory Chemical Safety Summaries
INDEX

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