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47559 Fluka

Hydrofluoric acid

47-51%, TraceSELECT®, for trace analysis

Synonym: HF

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Properties

Related Categories Acids, Acids & Bases, Analytical Reagents, Analytical/Chromatography, Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS),
grade   for trace analysis
vapor density   1.27 (vs air)
vapor pressure   25 mmHg ( 20 °C)
grade   TraceSELECT®
assay   47-51% (acidimetric)
  47-51%
density   1.15 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
cation traces   Ag: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Al: ≤5 μg/kg
  As: ≤5 μg/kg
  Au: ≤1 μg/kg
  Ba: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Be: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Bi: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Ca: ≤10 μg/kg
  Cd: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Ce: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Co: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Cr: ≤1 μg/kg
  Cs: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Cu: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Fe: ≤5 μg/kg
  Ga: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Ge: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Hg: ≤5 μg/kg
  In: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  K: ≤5 μg/kg
  Li: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Mg: ≤5 μg/kg
  Mn: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Mo: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Na: ≤10 μg/kg
  Ni: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Pb: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Pt: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Rb: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Sb: ≤1 μg/kg
  Se: ≤5 μg/kg
  Sn: ≤1 μg/kg
  Sr: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Ti: ≤2 μg/kg
  Tl: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  U: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  V: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Zn: ≤1 μg/kg
  Zr: ≤0.5 μg/kg

Description

Packaging

500 mL in poly bottle

Legal Information

TraceSELECT is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Determination of Water Content in Hydrofluoric acid, anhydrous Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralized. This can be carried out directly in the titration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid...
Keywords: Esterifications, Solvation, Titrations

Determination of Water Content in Hydrofluoric-acid (1-10 % in Ethylenglycol) Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralized. This can be carried out directly in the titration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid...
Keywords: Esterifications, Titrations

Determination of Water Content in Hydrofluoric-acid (37,5 % in water/ethanol) Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralized. This can be carried out directly in the titration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid...
Keywords: Esterifications, Titrations

Determination of Water Content in Hydrofluoric-acid (in Triethylamine 3:1) Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralized. This can be carried out directly in the titration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid...
Keywords: Esterifications, Titrations

Determination of Water Content in Sulfuric-hydrofluoric-acid mix Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralised. This can be carried out directly in thetitration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid,...
Keywords: Esterifications, Titrations

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Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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Possible hazardous effects of hydrofluoric acid and recommendations for treatment approach: a review. Ozcan M, Allahbeickaraghi A, and Dündar M Clin. Oral Investig. 16(1), 15-23, (2012)

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Effect of surface conditioning modalities on the repair bond strength of resin composite to the zirconia core / veneering ceramic complex. Ozcan M, Valandro LF, Pereira SM, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 15(3), 207-10, (2013)

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[Hydrofluoric acid burns]. Tang HT and Chen YL Zhonghua Zheng Xing Shao Shang Wai Ke Za Zhi 9(4), 296-7, (1993)

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[Therapy of hydrofluoric acid burns]. Dieterle R Derm. Beruf Umwelt. 37(1), 26-8, (1989)

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Microtensile bond strength of lithium disilicate ceramics to resin adhesives. Aboushelib MN and Sleem D J. Adhes. Dent. 16(6), 547-52, (2014)

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Self-adhesive resin cements: adhesive performance to indirect restorative ceramics. Zorzin J, Belli R, Wagner A, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 16(6), 541-6, (2014)

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Bond strength of novel CAD/CAM restorative materials to self-adhesive resin cement: the effect of surface treatments. Elsaka SE J. Adhes. Dent. 16(6), 531-40, (2014)

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Selective infiltrated etching to surface treat zirconia using a modified glass agent. Jiang T, Chen C, and Lv P J. Adhes. Dent. 16(6), 553-7, (2014)

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Micromorphology of ceramic etching pattern for two CAD-CAM and one conventional feldspathic porcelain and need for post-etching cleaning. Onisor I, Rocca GT, and Krejci I Int. J. Esthet. Dent. 9(1), 54-69, (2014)

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[Advances in the research of treatment of hydrofluoric acid burn]. Wang XG, Zhang YH, and Han CM Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 29(4), 371-4, (2013)

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Neutralizing a caustic chemical. Nogué S and Amigó M Nursing 43(6), 8, (2013)

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Effect of bonding material, etching time and silane on the bond strength of metallic orthodontic brackets to ceramic. Costa AR, Correr AB, Puppin-Rontani RM, et al. Braz. Dent. J. 23(3), 223-7, (2012)

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Hydrofluoric acid: a review of toxicity. Bertolini JC J. Emerg. Med. 10(2), 163-8, (1992)

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Dermal exposure to hydrofluoric acid causing significant systemic toxicity. Bartlett D J. Emerg. Nurs. 30(4), 371-3, (2004)

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Reactant vibrational excitations are more effective than translational energy in promoting an early-barrier reaction F + H2O → HF + OH. Li J, Jiang B, and Guo H J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(3), 982-5, (2013)

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The effect of the Perdew-Zunger self-interaction correction to density functionals on the energetics of small molecules. Klüpfel S, Klüpfel P, and Jónsson H J. Chem. Phys. 137(12), 124102, (2012)

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Critical care management of major hydrofluoric acid burns: a case report, review of the literature, and recommendations for therapy. Dünser MW, Ohlbauer M, Rieder J, et al. Burns 30(4), 391-8, (2004)

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Optimized demineralization technique for the measurement of stable isotope ratios of nonexchangeable H in soil organic matter. Ruppenthal M, Oelmann Y, and Wilcke W Environ. Sci. Technol. 47(2), 949-57, (2013)

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Metal-free intramolecular aminofluorination of alkenes mediated by PhI(OPiv)2/hydrogen fluoride-pyridine system. Wang Q, Zhong W, Wei X, et al. Org. Biomol. Chem. 10(43), 8566-9, (2012)

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Hypervalent iodine mediated para-selective fluorination of anilides. Tian T, Zhong WH, Meng S, et al. J. Org. Chem. 78(2), 728-32, (2013)

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Strength determination of brittle materials as curved monolithic structures. Hooi P, Addison O, and Fleming GJ J. Dent. Res. 93(4), 412-6, (2014)

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Pressable feldspathic inlays in premolars: effect of cementation strategy and mechanical cycling on the adhesive bond between dentin and restoration. Feitosa SA, Corazza PH, Cesar PF, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 16(2), 147-54, (2014)

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Sequential extraction method for determination of Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in suspensions of iron-bearing phyllosilicates and uranium. Luan F and Burgos WD Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(21), 11995-2002, (2012)

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Hydrofluoric acid burns: a review. Kirkpatrick JJ, Enion DS, and Burd DA Burns 21(7), 483-93, (1995)

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State-to-state quantum dynamics of the F + HCl (vi = 0, ji = 0) → HF(vf, jf) + Cl reaction on the ground state potential energy surface. Li A, Guo H, Sun Z, et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(37), 15347-55, (2013)

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Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Inhibition studies with anions and sulfonamides of a new cytosolic enzyme from the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata. Anthony Bertucci et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 21, 710-4, (2011)

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Diastereodivergent synthesis of trisubstituted alkenes through protodeboronation of allylic boronic esters: application to the synthesis of the Californian red scale beetle pheromone. Hesse MJ, Butts CP, Willis CL, et al. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(50), 12444-8, (2012)

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Hydrofluoric acid burns. Edelman P Occup. Med. 1(1), 89-103, (1986)

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Comparison of some dispersion-corrected and traditional functionals with CCSD(T) and MP2 ab initio methods: dispersion, induction, and basis set superposition error. Roy D, Marianski M, Maitra NT, et al. J. Chem. Phys. 137(13), 134109, (2012)

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Flexible and efficient eletrokinetic stacking of DNA and proteins at an HF etched porous junction on a fused silica capillary. Wu ZY, Fang F, He YQ, et al. Anal. Chem. 84(16), 7085-91, (2012)

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Water-based solutions are the best decontaminating fluids for dermal corrosive exposures: a mini review. Brent J Clin. Toxicol. (Phila.) 51(8), 731-6, (2013)

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Superacid-promoted ionization of alkanes without carbonium ion formation: a density functional theory study. Dinér P J. Phys. Chem. A 116(40), 9979-84, (2012)

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Emergency management of major hydrofluoric acid exposures. Sheridan RL, Ryan CM, Quinby WC, et al. Burns 21(1), 62-4, (1995)

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Bond strength of different resin cement and ceramic shades bonded to dentin. Passos SP, Kimpara ET, Bottino MA, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 15(5), 461-6, (2013)

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Prefabricated veneers - bond strengths and ultramorphological analyses. Perdigão J, Sezinando A, Muñoz MA, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 16(2), 137-46, (2014)

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Fulminant acute colitis following a self-administered hydrofluoric acid enema. Cappell MS and Simon T Am. J. Gastroenterol. 88(1), 122-6, (1993)

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Effects of surface treatments, thermocycling, and cyclic loading on the bond strength of a resin cement bonded to a lithium disilicate glass ceramic. Guarda GB, Correr AB, Gonçalves LS, et al. Oper. Dent. 38(2), 208-17, (2013)

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Long-term bond of glass ceramic and resin cement: evaluation of titanium tetrafluoride as an alternative etching agent for lithium disilicate ceramics. Klosa K, Boesch I, and Kern M J. Adhes. Dent. 15(4), 377-83, (2013)

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Evaluation of optimal reuse system for hydrofluoric acid wastewater. Won CH, Choi J, and Chung J J. Hazard. Mater. 239-240, 110-7, (2012)

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New basis sets for the evaluation of interaction-induced electric properties in hydrogen-bonded complexes. Baranowska-Łączkowska A, Fernández B, and Zaleśny R J. Comput. Chem. 34(4), 275-83, (2013)

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Synthesis of α,α-difluoroethyl aryl and heteroaryl ethers. Yang E, Reese MR, and Humphrey JM Org. Lett. 14(15), 3944-7, (2012)

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Acute hydrofluoric acid exposure. Caravati EM Am. J. Emerg. Med. 6(2), 143-50, (1988)

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Anodizing color coded anodized Ti6Al4V medical devices for increasing bone cell functions. Ross AP and Webster TJ Int. J. Nanomedicine 8, 109-17, (2013)

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Grain growth associates mechanical properties in nano-hydroxyapatite bone scaffolds. Shuai C, Gao C, Feng P, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(8), 5340-5, (2013)

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Pediatric poisonings from household products: hydrofluoric acid and methacrylic acid. Perry HE Curr. Opin. Pediatr. 13(2), 157-61, (2001)

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Theory, experiment, and application of optical fiber etching. Yuan Y, Wang L, Ding L, et al. Appl. Opt. 51(24), 5845-9, (2012)

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Hydrofluoric acid exposure: a case report and review on the clinical presentation and management. Strausburg M, Travers J, and Mousdicas N Dermatitis 23(5), 231-6, (2012)

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A replica technique for studying the effect of fluoride solutions on enamel erosion. Hjortsjö C, Mjølnerød A, Skaare A, et al. Swed. Dent. J. 36(4), 169-78, (2012)

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Arsenic contamination of coarse-grained and nanostructured nitinol surfaces induced by chemical treatment in hydrofluoric acid. Korotin DM, Bartkowski S, Kurmaev EZ, et al. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. B. Appl. Biomater. 100(7), 1812-6, (2012)

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Effect of post-silanization heat treatments of silanized feldspathic ceramic on adhesion to resin cement. Corazza PH, Cavalcanti SC, Queiroz JR, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 15(5), 473-9, (2013)

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Effect of surface treatment on bond strength of Ti-10Ta-10Nb to low-fusing porcelain. Lee BA, Kim OS, Vang MS, et al. J. Prosthet. Dent. 109(2), 95-105, (2013)

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Morphological evolution of silver nanoparticles and its effect on metal-induced chemical etching of silicon. Baek SH, Kong BH, Cho HK, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(5), 3715-8, (2013)

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Repair technique for fractured implant-supported metal-ceramic restorations: a clinical report. Wady AF, Paleari AG, Queiroz TP, et al. J. Oral Implantol. 40(5), 589-92, (2014)

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Alert over South Korea toxic leaks. Park SB Nature 494(7435), 15-6, (2013)

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Health care plan for hydrogen fluoride spill, Gumi, Korea. Lim HS and Lee K J. Korean Med. Sci. 27(11), 1283-4, (2012)

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Hydrofluoric acid-revisited. Burd A Burns 30(7), 720-2, (2004)

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Merck 14,4790 / Merck 14,4796

Fieser 6,284 / Fieser 9,238

Corp MSDS 1 (1), 1895:D / RegBook 1 (3), 3251:I / Sax 6, 1548

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