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47559 Fluka

Hydrofluoric acid

47-51%, TraceSELECT®, for trace analysis

Synonym: HF

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Properties

Related Categories Acids, Acids & Bases, Alphabetical Index of Analytical Standards, Analytical Reagents, Analytical Standards,
grade   for trace analysis
vapor density   1.27 (vs air)
vapor pressure   25 mmHg ( 20 °C)
grade   TraceSELECT®
assay   47-51% (acidimetric)
  47-51%
density   1.15 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
cation traces   Ag: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Al: ≤5 μg/kg
  As: ≤5 μg/kg
  Au: ≤1 μg/kg
  Ba: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Be: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Bi: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Ca: ≤10 μg/kg
  Cd: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Ce: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Co: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Cr: ≤1 μg/kg
  Cs: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Cu: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Fe: ≤5 μg/kg
  Ga: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Ge: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Hg: ≤5 μg/kg
  In: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  K: ≤5 μg/kg
  Li: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Mg: ≤5 μg/kg
  Mn: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Mo: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Na: ≤10 μg/kg
  Ni: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Pb: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Pt: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Rb: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Sb: ≤1 μg/kg
  Se: ≤5 μg/kg
  Sn: ≤1 μg/kg
  Sr: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Ti: ≤2 μg/kg
  Tl: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  U: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  V: ≤0.5 μg/kg
  Zn: ≤1 μg/kg
  Zr: ≤0.5 μg/kg

Description

Packaging

500 mL in poly bottle

Legal Information

TraceSELECT is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Price and Availability

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Hydrofluoric acid

48 wt. % in H2O, ≥99.99% trace metals basis

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Hydrofluoric acid

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥48%

Hydrofluoric acid

puriss. p.a., reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥40%

Hydrofluoric acid

ACS reagent, 48%

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Hazard Codes (Europe) 
Risk Statements (Europe) 
Safety Statements (Europe) 
7/9-26-36/37-45
RIDADR 
UN 1790B 6.1(8) / PGII
WGK Germany 
2

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Determination of Water Content in Hydrofluoric acid, anhydrous Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralized. This can be carried out directly in the titration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid...
Keywords: Esterifications, Solvation, Titrations

Determination of Water Content in Hydrofluoric-acid (1-10 % in Ethylenglycol) Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralized. This can be carried out directly in the titration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid...
Keywords: Esterifications, Titrations

Determination of Water Content in Hydrofluoric-acid (37,5 % in water/ethanol) Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralized. This can be carried out directly in the titration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid...
Keywords: Esterifications, Titrations

Determination of Water Content in Hydrofluoric-acid (in Triethylamine 3:1) Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralized. This can be carried out directly in the titration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid...
Keywords: Esterifications, Titrations

Determination of Water Content in Sulfuric-hydrofluoric-acid mix Using Karl Fischer Titration

Strong acids shift the pH of the KF reagent and must be neutralised. This can be carried out directly in thetitration cell providing a sufficient amount of buffer is added, e.g. HYDRANAL-Buffer Acid,...
Keywords: Esterifications, Titrations

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Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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Hypervalent iodine mediated para-selective fluorination of anilides. Tian T, Zhong WH, Meng S, et al. J. Org. Chem. 78(2), 728-32, (2013)

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Metal-free intramolecular aminofluorination of alkenes mediated by PhI(OPiv)2/hydrogen fluoride-pyridine system. Wang Q, Zhong W, Wei X, et al. Org. Biomol. Chem. 10(43), 8566-9, (2012)

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Possible hazardous effects of hydrofluoric acid and recommendations for treatment approach: a review. Ozcan M, Allahbeickaraghi A, and Dündar M Clin. Oral Investig. 16(1), 15-23, (2012)

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Sequential extraction method for determination of Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) in suspensions of iron-bearing phyllosilicates and uranium. Luan F and Burgos WD Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(21), 11995-2002, (2012)

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Diastereodivergent synthesis of trisubstituted alkenes through protodeboronation of allylic boronic esters: application to the synthesis of the Californian red scale beetle pheromone. Hesse MJ, Butts CP, Willis CL, et al. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 51(50), 12444-8, (2012)

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State-to-state quantum dynamics of the F + HCl (vi = 0, ji = 0) → HF(vf, jf) + Cl reaction on the ground state potential energy surface. Li A, Guo H, Sun Z, et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(37), 15347-55, (2013)

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Reactant vibrational excitations are more effective than translational energy in promoting an early-barrier reaction F + H2O → HF + OH. Li J, Jiang B, and Guo H J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(3), 982-5, (2013)

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Fulminant acute colitis following a self-administered hydrofluoric acid enema. Cappell MS and Simon T Am. J. Gastroenterol. 88(1), 122-6, (1993)

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[Hydrofluoric acid burns]. Tang HT and Chen YL Zhonghua Zheng Xing Shao Shang Wai Ke Za Zhi 9(4), 296-7, (1993)

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Emergency management of major hydrofluoric acid exposures. Sheridan RL, Ryan CM, Quinby WC, et al. Burns 21(1), 62-4, (1995)

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[Therapy of hydrofluoric acid burns]. Dieterle R Derm. Beruf Umwelt. 37(1), 26-8, (1989)

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Microtensile bond strength of lithium disilicate ceramics to resin adhesives. Aboushelib MN and Sleem D J. Adhes. Dent. 16(6), 547-52, (2014)

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Self-adhesive resin cements: adhesive performance to indirect restorative ceramics. Zorzin J, Belli R, Wagner A, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 16(6), 541-6, (2014)

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Bond strength of novel CAD/CAM restorative materials to self-adhesive resin cement: the effect of surface treatments. Elsaka SE J. Adhes. Dent. 16(6), 531-40, (2014)

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Selective infiltrated etching to surface treat zirconia using a modified glass agent. Jiang T, Chen C, and Lv P J. Adhes. Dent. 16(6), 553-7, (2014)

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Repair technique for fractured implant-supported metal-ceramic restorations: a clinical report. Wady AF, Paleari AG, Queiroz TP, et al. J. Oral Implantol. 40(5), 589-92, (2014)

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Micromorphology of ceramic etching pattern for two CAD-CAM and one conventional feldspathic porcelain and need for post-etching cleaning. Onisor I, Rocca GT, and Krejci I Int. J. Esthet. Dent. 9(1), 54-69, (2014)

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[Advances in the research of treatment of hydrofluoric acid burn]. Wang XG, Zhang YH, and Han CM Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 29(4), 371-4, (2013)

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Effect of surface conditioning modalities on the repair bond strength of resin composite to the zirconia core / veneering ceramic complex. Ozcan M, Valandro LF, Pereira SM, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 15(3), 207-10, (2013)

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Neutralizing a caustic chemical. Nogué S and Amigó M Nursing 43(6), 8, (2013)

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Effect of post-silanization heat treatments of silanized feldspathic ceramic on adhesion to resin cement. Corazza PH, Cavalcanti SC, Queiroz JR, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 15(5), 473-9, (2013)

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Alert over South Korea toxic leaks. Park SB Nature 494(7435), 15-6, (2013)

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Health care plan for hydrogen fluoride spill, Gumi, Korea. Lim HS and Lee K J. Korean Med. Sci. 27(11), 1283-4, (2012)

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Evaluation of optimal reuse system for hydrofluoric acid wastewater. Won CH, Choi J, and Chung J J. Hazard. Mater. 239-240, 110-7, (2012)

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Effect of bonding material, etching time and silane on the bond strength of metallic orthodontic brackets to ceramic. Costa AR, Correr AB, Puppin-Rontani RM, et al. Braz. Dent. J. 23(3), 223-7, (2012)

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Arsenic contamination of coarse-grained and nanostructured nitinol surfaces induced by chemical treatment in hydrofluoric acid. Korotin DM, Bartkowski S, Kurmaev EZ, et al. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. B. Appl. Biomater. 100(7), 1812-6, (2012)

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Hydrofluoric acid: a review of toxicity. Bertolini JC J. Emerg. Med. 10(2), 163-8, (1992)

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Hydrofluoric acid-revisited. Burd A Burns 30(7), 720-2, (2004)

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Dermal exposure to hydrofluoric acid causing significant systemic toxicity. Bartlett D J. Emerg. Nurs. 30(4), 371-3, (2004)

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Superacid-promoted ionization of alkanes without carbonium ion formation: a density functional theory study. Dinér P J. Phys. Chem. A 116(40), 9979-84, (2012)

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The effect of the Perdew-Zunger self-interaction correction to density functionals on the energetics of small molecules. Klüpfel S, Klüpfel P, and Jónsson H J. Chem. Phys. 137(12), 124102, (2012)

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Optimized demineralization technique for the measurement of stable isotope ratios of nonexchangeable H in soil organic matter. Ruppenthal M, Oelmann Y, and Wilcke W Environ. Sci. Technol. 47(2), 949-57, (2013)

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Anodizing color coded anodized Ti6Al4V medical devices for increasing bone cell functions. Ross AP and Webster TJ Int. J. Nanomedicine 8, 109-17, (2013)

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Comparison of some dispersion-corrected and traditional functionals with CCSD(T) and MP2 ab initio methods: dispersion, induction, and basis set superposition error. Roy D, Marianski M, Maitra NT, et al. J. Chem. Phys. 137(13), 134109, (2012)

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New basis sets for the evaluation of interaction-induced electric properties in hydrogen-bonded complexes. Baranowska-Łączkowska A, Fernández B, and Zaleśny R J. Comput. Chem. 34(4), 275-83, (2013)

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Water-based solutions are the best decontaminating fluids for dermal corrosive exposures: a mini review. Brent J Clin. Toxicol. (Phila.) 51(8), 731-6, (2013)

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Flexible and efficient eletrokinetic stacking of DNA and proteins at an HF etched porous junction on a fused silica capillary. Wu ZY, Fang F, He YQ, et al. Anal. Chem. 84(16), 7085-91, (2012)

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Synthesis of α,α-difluoroethyl aryl and heteroaryl ethers. Yang E, Reese MR, and Humphrey JM Org. Lett. 14(15), 3944-7, (2012)

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Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Inhibition studies with anions and sulfonamides of a new cytosolic enzyme from the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata. Anthony Bertucci et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 21, 710-4, (2011)

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Acute hydrofluoric acid exposure. Caravati EM Am. J. Emerg. Med. 6(2), 143-50, (1988)

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Bond strength of different resin cement and ceramic shades bonded to dentin. Passos SP, Kimpara ET, Bottino MA, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 15(5), 461-6, (2013)

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Hydrofluoric acid burns. Edelman P Occup. Med. 1(1), 89-103, (1986)

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Theory, experiment, and application of optical fiber etching. Yuan Y, Wang L, Ding L, et al. Appl. Opt. 51(24), 5845-9, (2012)

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Morphological evolution of silver nanoparticles and its effect on metal-induced chemical etching of silicon. Baek SH, Kong BH, Cho HK, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(5), 3715-8, (2013)

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Critical care management of major hydrofluoric acid burns: a case report, review of the literature, and recommendations for therapy. Dünser MW, Ohlbauer M, Rieder J, et al. Burns 30(4), 391-8, (2004)

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Prefabricated veneers - bond strengths and ultramorphological analyses. Perdigão J, Sezinando A, Muñoz MA, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 16(2), 137-46, (2014)

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A replica technique for studying the effect of fluoride solutions on enamel erosion. Hjortsjö C, Mjølnerød A, Skaare A, et al. Swed. Dent. J. 36(4), 169-78, (2012)

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Strength determination of brittle materials as curved monolithic structures. Hooi P, Addison O, and Fleming GJ J. Dent. Res. 93(4), 412-6, (2014)

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Effects of surface treatments, thermocycling, and cyclic loading on the bond strength of a resin cement bonded to a lithium disilicate glass ceramic. Guarda GB, Correr AB, Gonçalves LS, et al. Oper. Dent. 38(2), 208-17, (2013)

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Long-term bond of glass ceramic and resin cement: evaluation of titanium tetrafluoride as an alternative etching agent for lithium disilicate ceramics. Klosa K, Boesch I, and Kern M J. Adhes. Dent. 15(4), 377-83, (2013)

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Effect of surface treatment on bond strength of Ti-10Ta-10Nb to low-fusing porcelain. Lee BA, Kim OS, Vang MS, et al. J. Prosthet. Dent. 109(2), 95-105, (2013)

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Grain growth associates mechanical properties in nano-hydroxyapatite bone scaffolds. Shuai C, Gao C, Feng P, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(8), 5340-5, (2013)

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Hydrofluoric acid burns: a review. Kirkpatrick JJ, Enion DS, and Burd DA Burns 21(7), 483-93, (1995)

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Hydrofluoric acid exposure: a case report and review on the clinical presentation and management. Strausburg M, Travers J, and Mousdicas N Dermatitis 23(5), 231-6, (2012)

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Pediatric poisonings from household products: hydrofluoric acid and methacrylic acid. Perry HE Curr. Opin. Pediatr. 13(2), 157-61, (2001)

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Pressable feldspathic inlays in premolars: effect of cementation strategy and mechanical cycling on the adhesive bond between dentin and restoration. Feitosa SA, Corazza PH, Cesar PF, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 16(2), 147-54, (2014)

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Merck 14,4790 / Merck 14,4796

Fieser 6,284 / Fieser 9,238

Corp MSDS 1 (1), 1895:D / RegBook 1 (3), 3251:I / Sax 6, 1548

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