8.00889 EMD Millipore

Methyl formate

Methyl formate for synthesis. CAS 107-31-3, pH 4 - 5 (200 g/l, H₂O, 20 °C)., for synthesis

Synonym: Formic acid methyl ester

  • CAS Number 107-31-3

  • Linear Formula C₂H₄O₂

  • Molecular Weight 60.05 g/mol

  •  EC Number 203-481-7



Related Categories Biochemicals and Reagents More...
packaging   100 ml in Glass bottle (8008890100)
bp   31.5 °C (1013 hPa)
expl. lim.     5 - 23 %(V)
vapor pressure   644 hPa (20 °C)
solubility   300 g/l
density   0.968 g/cm3 (20 °C)
flash point   -32 °C
autoignition temp.   450 °C
mp   -100.4 °C
pH   4 - 5 (200 g/l, H₂O, 20 °C)
LD 50 oral   LD50 Rat 1500 mg/kg
LD 50 dermal   LD50 Rat > 4000 mg/kg
shipped in   ambient
storage temp.   Store below +30°C.
specifications   Assay (GC, area%): 95.0 - 97.0 % (a/a)
  Density (d 20 °C/ 4 °C): 0.967 - 0.971
  Methanol (GC, area%): 3.0 - 5.0 % (a/a)
  Identity (IR): passes test

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Safety Information

HS Code 
2915 13 00
Hazard Statement(s) 
H224: Extremely flammable liquid and vapour.
H302 + H332: Harmful if swallowed or if inhaled
H319: Causes serious eye irritation.
H335: May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statement(s) 
P210: Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.
P240: Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P305 + P351 + P338: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P403 + P233: Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
Storage class 
3 Flammable liquids
WGK 1 slightly water endangering
Relatively unreactive organic reagents should be collected in container A. If halogenated, they should be collected in container B. For solid residues use container C.
Hazard Pictogram(s) 
GHS02  GHS02
Hazard Pictogram(s) 
GHS07  GHS07
Hazard Symbols 
Highly Flammable  Highly Flammable
Hazard Symbols 
Harmful  Harmful
Declaration (railroad and road) ADR, RID 
UN 1243 , 3, I
Declaration (transport by air) IATA-DGR 
UN 1243 , 3, I
Declaration (transport by sea) IMDG-Code 
UN 1243 , 3, I
Categories of danger 
extremely flammable, harmful, irritant
R Phrase 
R 12-20/22-36/37
Extremely flammable.Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.Irritating to eyes and respiratory system.
S Phrase 
S 3- 9-16
Keep in a cool place.Keep container in a well-ventilated place.Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
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