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05105 Sigma-Aldrich

Activated charcoal

powder

Synonym: Charcoal activated

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Properties

Related Categories A-B, Puriss p.a., Analytical Reagents, Analytical Reagents for General Use, Analytical/Chromatography, Puriss p.a. More...
vapor pressure   <0.1 mmHg ( 20 °C)
InChI Key   OKTJSMMVPCPJKN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
form   powder
autoignition temp.   842 °F
iodine-adsorption (0.05 mol I2/I)   >70 mL/g
methylene blue-adsorption   >12 mL/0.1 g, 0.15% sol.
resistivity   1375 μΩ-cm, 20°C (graphite)
ign. residue   ≤2%
mp   3550 °C(lit.)
anion traces   chloride (Cl-): ≤5000 mg/kg
  sulfate (SO42-): ≤5000 mg/kg
cation traces   Ca: ≤1000 mg/kg
  Cd: ≤10 mg/kg
  Co: ≤10 mg/kg
  Cr: ≤10 mg/kg
  Cu: ≤10 mg/kg
  Fe: ≤300 mg/kg
  K: ≤200 mg/kg
  Mg: ≤200 mg/kg
  Mn: ≤50 mg/kg
  Na: ≤500 mg/kg
  Ni: ≤10 mg/kg
  Pb: ≤10 mg/kg
  Zn: ≤10 mg/kg

Description

General description

Activated charcoal can be used for the following:
• Fiber coating to compare solid-phase microextraction efficiency of the multiwalled carbon nanotubes in water and milk samples before GC-ECD analysis.
• It may be used to study its effect on tissue cultures of Daucus carota, Happlopapus gracilis and Allum cepa var. proliferum, to check the adsorption of metabolites inhibiting morphognesis.
• It may also be used in the plant tissue culture to increase the adsorption of auxin and cytokinin from the culture media.
• It may also be used as the primary gastrointestinal decontamination procedure after acute drug overdose.
• It may also be used for the adsorption of dyes namely malachite green, bromophenol blue, alizarine red-S, methylene blue, eriochrome black-T, phenol red, methyl blue, and methyl violet from aqueous media.
• Oral activated charcoal may be also used for adsorption of theophylline, hence can be effectively used in patients with theophylline poisoning.

Activated charcoal or activated carbon is an adsorbent used to remove broad spectrum of pollutants in air, water and soil, and is non-toxic in nature. It is odourless and tasteless and can be prepared from any carbonaceous material using gas or chemical activation methods. Gas activation is preferred when the raw material has less than 25% moisture content.

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RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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