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16016 Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, ≥99.5% (GC), crystalline (detached)

Synonym: Hydroxybenzene

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Properties

Related Categories Building Blocks, C6 to C8, Chemical Synthesis, Organic Building Blocks, Oxygen Compounds,
vapor density   3.24 (vs air)
vapor pressure   0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
  0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)
InChI Key   ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
grade   puriss.
assay   ≥99.5% (GC)
  99.0-100.5% (calc. on H2O free substance)
form   crystalline (detached)
autoignition temp.   1319 °F
quality   meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP
expl. lim.   8.6 %
impurities   acidic reac. Impurities, in accordance
  organic volatile impurities, in accordance (GC)
  residual solvents, complies
  ≤0.05% non-volatile matter
  ≤0.3% water (Karl Fischer)
bp   182 °C(lit.)
mp   40-42 °C(lit.)
transition temp   solidification point ≥40 °C
density   1.071 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
suitability   complies for identity (USP)
  in accordance for appearance of solution

Description

Application

Phenol may be employed for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from Bacillus subtilis. It may be used in the Berthelot color reaction for the quantitative estimation of ammonia.

General description

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed.

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
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