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16301 Sigma-Aldrich

D-(+)-Glucose monohydrate

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, Ph Franç., 7.0-9.5% water(Karl Fischer)

Synonym: Dextrose monohydrate

  • CAS Number 14431-43-7

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C6H12O6 · H2O

  • Molecular Weight 198.17

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 5250278

  •  EC Number 218-914-5

  •  MDL number MFCD00149450

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24850017

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Properties

Related Categories Biochemicals and Reagents, Carbohydrate Chemistry, Carbohydrate Derivatives, Carbohydrates, Carbohydrates A to Z,
InChI Key   SPFMQWBKVUQXJV-BTVCFUMJSA-N
assay   97.5-102.0% anhydrous basis (HPLC)
optical activity   [α]20/D +52.5 to +53.3°, c = 10% in H2O (calc. on anhydrous subst.)
quality   meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, Ph Franç.
impurities   residual solvents, complies
  7.0-9.5% water (Karl Fischer)
ign. residue   ≤0.1% (as SO4)
solubility   H2O: soluble10g/5 mL, clear, colorless
anion traces   chloride (Cl-): ≤100 mg/kg
  sulfate (SO42-): ≤200 mg/kg
  sulfite (SO32-): ≤10 mg/kg
cation traces   Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
  As: ≤1 mg/kg
  Ba:, in accordance
  Ca: ≤200 mg/kg
  Pb: ≤0.5 mg/kg

Description

Application

D-(+)-Glucose monohydrate has been used as a test compound for studying its dehydration kinetics by using THz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS).

Biochem/physiol Actions

D-(+)-Glucose is a common natural sugar involved in key cellular processes of energy production, glycosylation and formation of glycans that provide structure to cells. Glucose is involved in post-translational modifications of proteins by glycation or non-enzymatic glycosylation of proteins at the lysine residues. Glycation is detrimental and results in complications associated with diabetes mellitus, alzheimer′s disease, aging and cataract.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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