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17311 Sigma-Aldrich

D-Mannitol

tested according to Ph.Eur.

Synonym: Mannite, Mannitolum

  • CAS Number 69-65-8

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C6H14O6

  • Molecular Weight 182.17

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 1721898

  •  EC Number 200-711-8

  •  MDL number MFCD00064287

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329751528

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Properties

Related Categories Carbohydrate Chemistry, Carbohydrate Derivatives, Carbohydrates, Cell Biology, Chemical Biology,
InChI Key   FBPFZTCFMRRESA-KVTDHHQDSA-N
assay   ≥97%
pharmacopeia   testing conforms to Pharmacopeia
mp   167-170 °C(lit.)
solubility   water: soluble(lit.)

Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

A sugar alcohol sweet tastant. Used in sweetness inhibition studies.

Application

D-Mannitol may be used in the preparation of the following:
• D-mannitol and L-iditol bis-epoxides, useful substrates for the synthesis of polyhydroxylated piperidines and azepanes
• chiral hydroxyl monophosphane, [(2S,3S,4S,5S)-3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-1-phenylphospholane]
• bisphospholanes, [1,2-bis[(2S,3S,4S,5S)-3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-dimethylphospholanyl]benzene] and [1,2-bis[(2S,3S,4S,5S)-2,5-diethyl-3,4-dihydroxyphospholanyl]benzene]

General description

D-Mannitol (Mannite, Mannitolum), an alditol, is an sweet tasting crystalline solid. It is naturally found in manna, olives, mushrooms and celery plants. It has been synthesized from glucose, via catalytic hydrogenation reaction. It is widely used as growth supplement in bacterial cultures.

D-Mannitol is an acyclic carbohydrate. Crystal parameters and space groups of the various polymorphic crystalline forms of mannitol have been reported. It has been proposed as an artificial sweetner. Synthesis of D-mannitol from D-glucose or D-glucose/D-fructose syrups in the presence of glucose isomerase and copper-on-silica has been proposed.

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Laboratory Gloves

Cross-Coupling Guide

All labs need water
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
2

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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