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179981 Sigma-Aldrich

Luperox® A98, Benzoyl peroxide

reagent grade, ≥98%

Synonym: Benzoyl peroxide, Dibenzoyl peroxide

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Properties

Related Categories Chemical Synthesis, Free Radical Initiators, Materials Science, Organic Peroxides, Oxidizing Agents,
grade   reagent grade
assay   ≥98%
autoignition temp.   176 °F
mp   105 °C(lit.)

Description

Application

Widely used initiator, curing agent, and cross-linking agent in polymerization processes.

Packaging

50, 500 g in poly bottle

Legal Information

Product of Arkema Inc.

Luperox is a registered trademark of Arkema Inc.

Price and Availability


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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN 3102 5.2
WGK Germany 
1

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Determination of Water Content in Dibenzoyl Peroxide Using Karl Fischer Titration

Metal peroxides react with the KF reagents and form water. They cannot be titrated directly. Hydroperoxides form iodine and an equivalent amount of water. An interference will therefore not occur. Di...
Keywords: Titrations

Protocols

Preparation of High Refractive Index Films on PET Substrates

Zirconium bromonorbornanelactone carboxylate triacrylate (PRM30) is a zirconium-containing multifunctional acrylate useful for producing cured, transparent films with high refractive indices. It can ...
Keywords: Solvents

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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Benzoyl peroxide: review of experimental carcinogenesis and human safety data. Binder RL, Aardema MJ, and Thompson ED Prog. Clin. Biol. Res. 391, 245-94, (1995)

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Thio-urethanes improve properties of dual-cured composite cements. Bacchi A, Dobson A, Ferracane JL, et al. J. Dent. Res. 93(12), 1320-5, (2014)

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Epiduo (adapalene 0.1% and benzoyl peroxide 2.5%) approval in children 9 years and older. Scheinfeld N Skinmed 11(5), 295-6, (2013)

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Vitiligo and allergic complications from orthopaedic joint implants: the role of benzoyl peroxide. Dudda M, Godau P, Al-Benna S, et al. Recent Pat. Inflamm. Allergy Drug Discov. 7(2), 176-82, (2013)

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Enzymatically generated hydrogen peroxide reduces the number of acne lesions in acne vulgaris. Muizzuddin N, Schnittger S, Maher W, et al. J. Cosmet. Sci. 64(1), 1-8, (2013)

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[Image of the month. Infectious ulcer after a dog bite]. Piérard GE Rev. Med. Liege. 67(9), 447-8, (2012)

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Antibiotic resistance in acne treatment. Humphrey S Skin Therapy Lett. 17(9), 1-3, (2012)

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[New treatment strategy in acne vulgaris. Antibiotic prescription must be limited]. Mobacken H, Oprica C, and Berg M Lakartidningen. 109(22), 1085-9, (2012)

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Adapalene 0.1% and benzoyl peroxide 2.5%: a novel combination for treatment of acne vulgaris. Tan JK Skin Therapy Lett. 14(6), 4-5, (2009)

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The utility of benzoyl peroxide in hydrophase base (Brevoxyl) in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Weinberg JM Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 5(4), 344-9, (2006)

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[Acne therapy with topical benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics and azelaic acid]. Worret WI and Fluhr JW J. Dtsch. Dermatol. Ges. 4(4), 293-300, (2006)

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A new treatment for acne vulgaris combining benzoyl peroxide with clindamycin. Tschen E and Jones T Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 1(2), 153-7, (2002)

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Clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide gel: a review of its use in the management of acne. Warner GT and Plosker GL Am. J. Clin. Dermatol. 3(5), 349-60, (2002)

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Benzoyl peroxide. IARC Monogr. Eval. Carcinog. Risks Hum. 71 Pt 2, 345-58, (1999)

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Spectrophotometric determination of drugs with iodine. Karuna T, et al. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 65(10), 808, (2006)

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Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity of chitosan-alginate nanoparticles: a targeted therapy for cutaneous pathogens. Friedman AJ, Phan J, Schairer DO, et al. J. Invest. Dermatol. 133(5), 1231-9, (2013)

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Cheminformatics analysis of assertions mined from literature that describe drug-induced liver injury in different species. Denis Fourches et al Chem. Res. Toxicol. 23, 171-83, (2010)

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Acne vulgaris. Dawson AL and Dellavalle RP BMJ 346, f2634, (2013)

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Benzoyl peroxide-based combination therapies for acne vulgaris: a comparative review. Taylor GA and Shalita AR Am. J. Clin. Dermatol. 5(4), 261-5, (2004)

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Benzoyl peroxide: an integrated human safety assessment for carcinogenicity. Kraus AL, Munro IC, Orr JC, et al. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 21(1), 87-107, (1995)

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Rosacea: pathophysiology and management principles. Chauhan N and Ellis DA Facial Plast. Surg. Clin. North Am. 21(1), 127-36, (2013)

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A current review of topical benzoyl peroxide: new perspectives on formulation and utilization. Tanghetti EA and Popp KF Dermatol. Clin. 27(1), 17-24, (2009)

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Adapalene 0.1%/benzoyl peroxide 2.5% gel: a review of its use in the treatment of acne vulgaris in patients aged ≥ 12 years. Keating GM Am. J. Clin. Dermatol. 12(6), 407-20, (2011)

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Clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide gel (BenzaClin): a review of its use in the management of acne. McKeage K and Keating GM Am. J. Clin. Dermatol. 9(3), 193-204, (2008)

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The impact of iron on the bleaching efficacy of hydrogen peroxide in liquid whey systems. Jervis SM and Drake M J. Food Sci. 78(2), R129-37, (2013)

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Alternative bleaching methods for Cheddar cheese whey. Kang EJ, Smith TJ, and Drake MA J. Food Sci. 77(7), C818-23, (2012)

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Advancement in benzoyl peroxide-based acne treatment: methods to increase both efficacy and tolerability. Fakhouri T, Yentzer BA, and Feldman SR Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 8(7), 657-61, (2009)

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Gender as a clinically relevant outcome variable in acne: benefits of a fixed combination clindamycin phosphate (1.2%) and benzoyl peroxide (2.5%) aqueous gel. Harper JC Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 11(12), 1440-5, (2012)

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Moderate to severe acne in adolescents with skin of color: benefits of a fixed combination clindamycin phosphate 1.2% and benzoyl peroxide 2.5% aqueous gel. Eichenfield LF and Krakowski AC Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 11(7), 818-24, (2012)

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Effect of annatto addition and bleaching treatments on ultrafiltration flux during production of 80% whey protein concentrate and 80% serum protein concentrate. Adams MC, Zulewska J, and Barbano DM J. Dairy Sci. 96(4), 2035-47, (2013)

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Whey protein precipitating moderate to severe acne flares in 5 teenaged athletes. Silverberg NB Cutis. 90(2), 70-2, (2012)

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Topical dose justification: benzoyl peroxide concentrations. Brandstetter AJ and Maibach HI J. Dermatolog. Treat. 24(4), 275-7, (2013)

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Evaluation of the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of an over-the-counter acne regimen containing benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid in subjects with acne. Kircik LH, Gwazdauskas J, Butners V, et al. Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 12(3), 259-64, (2013)

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A double-blind, randomized, bilateral comparison of skin irritancy following application of the combination acne products clindamycin/tretinoin and benzoyl peroxide/adapalene. Goreshi R, Samrao A, and Ehst BD Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 11(12), 1422-6, (2012)

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Third-body abrasive wear of tibial polyethylene inserts combined with metallic and ceramic femoral components in a knee simulator study. Zietz C, Bergschmidt P, Lange R, et al. Int. J. Artif. Organs 36(1), 47-55, (2013)

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Efficacy and tolerability of fixed-combination acne treatment in adolescents. Gold LS Cutis. 91(3), 152-9, (2013)

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X-rays sensing properties of MEH-PPV, Alq₃ and additive components: a new organic dosimeter as a candidate for minimizing the risk of accidents of patients undergoing radiation oncology. Schimitberger T, Ferreira GR, Akcelrud LC, et al. Med. Eng. Phys. 35(1), 140-4, (2013)

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The tolerability profile of clindamycin 1%/benzoyl peroxide 5% gel vs. adapalene 0.1%/benzoyl peroxide 2.5% gel for facial acne: results of a randomized, single-blind, split-face study. Gonzalez P, Vila R, and Cirigliano M J. Cosmet. Dermatol. 11(4), 251-60, (2012)

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The effect of benzoyl peroxide 9.8% emollient foam on reduction of Propionibacterium acnes on the back using a short contact therapy approach. Leyden JJ and Del Rosso JQ Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 11(7), 830-3, (2012)

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[Antibiotics, azelaic acid and benzoyl peroxide in topical acne therapy]. Fluhr JW and Degitz K J. Dtsch. Dermatol. Ges. 8 Suppl 1, S24-30, (2010)

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Efficacy and safety of tretinoin 0.025%/clindamycin phosphate 1.2% gel in combination with benzoyl peroxide 6% cleansing cloths for the treatment of facial acne vulgaris. Zeichner JA, Wong V, Linkner RV, et al. Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 12(3), 277-82, (2013)

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A systematic review of benzoyl peroxide for acne vulgaris. Mohd Nor NH and Aziz Z J. Dermatolog. Treat. 24(5), 377-86, (2013)

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Benzoyl peroxide. Carcinogenicity and allergenicity. Hogan DJ Int. J. Dermatol. 30(7), 467-70, (1991)

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Digital videography assessment of patients' experiences using adapalene-benzoyl peroxide gel in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Feldman SR, Fried RG, Herndon JH, et al. Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 11(8), 919-25, (2012)

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Randomized, observer-blind, split-face study to compare the irritation potential of 2 topical acne formulations over a 14-day treatment period. Ting W Cutis. 90(2), 91-6, (2012)

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Comparison of clindamycin 1% and benzoyl peroxide 5% gel to a novel composition containing salicylic acid, capryloyl salicylic acid, HEPES, glycolic acid, citric acid, and dioic acid in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Baumann LS, Oresajo C, Yatskayer M, et al. Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 12(3), 266-9, (2013)

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Randomized, controlled, evaluator-blinded studies conducted to compare the efficacy and tolerability of 3 over-the-counter acne regimens in subjects with mild or moderate acne. Green L, Kircik LH, and Gwazdauskas J Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 12(2), 180-5, (2013)

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[An investigational study of acne treatment in France]. Seité S, Rougier A, and Dréno B Ann. Dermatol. Venereol. 139(10), 611-6, (2012)

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A multicenter, double-blind study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 2 treatments in participants with mild to moderate acne vulgaris. Draelos ZD, Shalita AR, Thiboutot D, et al. Cutis. 89(6), 287-93, (2012)

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Clindamycin phosphate 1.2%-benzoyl peroxide (5% or 2.5%) plus tazarotene cream 0.1% for the treatment of acne. Dhawan SS and Gwazdauskas J Cutis. 91(2), 99-104, (2013)

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Reticulate hyperpigmentation of the skin after topical application of benzoyl peroxide. Weinberg JM, Moss T, Gupta SM, et al. Acta Derm. Venereol. 78(4), 301-2, (1998)

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A split-faced, observer-blinded comparison study of topical adapalene/benzoyl peroxide and adapalene in the treatment of Asian acne patients. Kim WJ, Park JM, Ko HC, et al. Journal. of. Drugs in. Dermatology. 12(2), 149-51, (2013)

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Benzoyl peroxide: a review of its current use in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Sagransky M, Yentzer BA, and Feldman SR Expert Opin. Pharmacother. 10(15), 2555-62, (2009)

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Merck 14,1116

Beil. 9,IV,717

Fieser 1,196 / Fieser 4,122 / Fieser 5,182 / Fieser 6,160 / Fieser 7,89 / Fieser 12,157

Aldrich MSDS 1, 168:A / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 375:A / RegBook 1 (2), 1957:B / Sax 6, 396

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