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20760 Sigma-Aldrich

Butyronitrile

purum, ≥99.0% (GC)

Synonym: Propyl cyanide

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Properties

Related Categories Building Blocks, C1 to C5, Chemical Synthesis, Cyanides/Nitriles, Nitrogen Compounds,
vapor density   2.4 (vs air)
vapor pressure   23 mmHg ( 25 °C)
InChI Key   KVNRLNFWIYMESJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
grade   purum
assay   ≥99.0% (GC)
autoignition temp.   910 °F
refractive index   n20/D 1.384(lit.)
  n20/D 1.384
bp   115-117 °C(lit.)
mp   −112 °C(lit.)
solubility   DMF: miscible(lit.)
  alcohol: miscible(lit.)
  diethyl ether: miscible(lit.)
  water: very slightly soluble(lit.)
density   0.794 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Description

Other Notes

Same product — same quality — now Sigma-Aldrich brand

Application

Butyronitrile was used in electrolyte composition in dye-sensitized solar cells†.

General description

Molar volumes of vapor-deposited butyronitrile glasses have been studied as a function of deposition temperature. Reactions of butyronitrile with high-temperature water at 330°C and pressures ranging from 128 to 2600bar were investigated.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN 2411 6.1(3) / PGII
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
ET8750000
Flash Point(F) 
64.4 °F
Flash Point(C) 
18 °C
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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