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207888 Sigma-Aldrich

Bromine

reagent grade

Purchase

Properties

Related Categories Bromination, C-X Bond Formation (Halogen), Chemical Synthesis, Synthetic Reagents
grade   reagent grade
vapor density   7.14 (vs air)
vapor pressure   175 mmHg ( 20 °C)
  671 mmHg ( 55 °C)
resistivity   7.8E18 μΩ-cm, 20°C
bp   58.8 °C(lit.)
mp   −7.2 °C(lit.)
density   3.119 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Description

Packaging

100, 4×100, 500 g in glass bottle

Price and Availability

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Hazard Codes (Europe) 
Risk Statements (Europe) 
Safety Statements (Europe) 
7/9-26-45-61
RIDADR 
UN 1744 8(6.1) / PGI
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
EF9100000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

Set your institution to view full text papers.

Reactivity of BrCl, Br₂, BrOCl, Br₂O, and HOBr toward dimethenamid in solutions of bromide + aqueous free chlorine. Sivey JD, Arey JS, Tentscher PR, et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 47(3), 1330-8, (2013)

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Enantioselective synthesis of atropisomeric benzamides through peptide-catalyzed bromination. Barrett KT and Miller SJ J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(8), 2963-6, (2013)

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Compound Specific Isotope Analysis (CSIA) for chlorine and bromine: a review of techniques and applications to elucidate environmental sources and processes. Cincinelli A, Pieri F, Zhang Y, et al. Environ. Pollut. 169, 112-27, (2012)

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Nickel-butadiene catalytic system for the cross-coupling of bromoalkanoic acids with alkyl Grignard reagents: a practical and versatile method for preparing fatty acids. Iwasaki T, Higashikawa K, Reddy VP, et al. Chemistry 19(9), 2956-60, (2013)

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Crystal structures of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with picomolar inhibitors reveal key interactions for drug design. Frey KM, Bollini M, Mislak AC, et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(48), 19501-3, (2012)

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Synchrotron X-ray fluorescence studies of a bromine-labelled cyclic RGD peptide interacting with individual tumor cells. Sheridan EJ, Austin CJ, Aitken JB, et al. J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(Pt 2), 226-33, (2013)

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Bromine-77 and iodine-123 radiopharmaceuticals. Stöcklin G Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 28(1-2), 131-47, (1977)

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Bromine enrichment in marsh sediments as a marker of environmental changes driven by Grand Solar Minima and anthropogenic activity (Caminha, NW of Portugal). Moreno J, Fatela F, Leorri E, et al. Sci. Total Environ. 506-507, 554-66, (2015)

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Comparative antioxidant status in freshwater fish Carassius auratus exposed to six current-use brominated flame retardants: a combined experimental and theoretical study. Feng M, Qu R, Wang C, et al. Aquat. Toxicol. 140-141, 314-23, (2013)

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Chemistry. Unconventional chemistry for unconventional natural gas. McFarland E Science 338(6105), 340-2, (2012)

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Morphology, spatial distribution, and concentration of flame retardants in consumer products and environmental dusts using scanning electron microscopy and Raman micro-spectroscopy. Wagner J, Ghosal S, Whitehead T, et al. Environ. Int. 59, 16-26, (2013)

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Solid-state NMR spectroscopy of the quadrupolar halogens: chlorine-35/37, bromine-79/81, and iodine-127. Bryce DL and Sward GD Magn. Reson. Chem. 44(4), 409-50, (2006)

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Characterization of mercury binding onto a novel brominated biomass ash sorbent by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Bisson TM, MacLean LC, Hu Y, et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(21), 12186-93, (2012)

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Reactions of difluorocarbene with organozinc reagents. Levin VV, Zemtsov AA, Struchkova MI, et al. Org. Lett. 15(4), 917-9, (2013)

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Efficient oxidative debromination of decabromodiphenyl ether by TiO2-mediated photocatalysis in aqueous environment. Huang A, Wang N, Lei M, et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 47(1), 518-25, (2013)

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Effect of pre-ozonation on the formation and speciation of DBPs. Hua G and Reckhow DA Water Res. 47(13), 4322-30, (2013)

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Environmental occurrence of emerging and legacy brominated flame retardants near suspected sources in Norway. Nyholm JR, Grabic R, Arp HP, et al. Sci. Total Environ. 443, 307-14, (2013)

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Anion-conductive membranes with ultralow vanadium permeability and excellent performance in vanadium flow batteries. Mai Z, Zhang H, Zhang H, et al. ChemSusChem 6(2), 328-35, (2013)

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Bromine radical-mediated sequential radical rearrangement and addition reaction of alkylidenecyclopropanes. Kippo T, Hamaoka K, and Ryu I J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(2), 632-5, (2013)

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The separation of waste printed circuit board by dissolving bromine epoxy resin using organic solvent. Zhu P, Chen Y, Wang LY, et al. Waste Manag. 33(2), 484-8, (2013)

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Biomagnification and debromination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in a coastal ecosystem in Tokyo Bay. Mizukawa K, Yamada T, Matsuo H, et al. Sci. Total Environ. 449, 401-9, (2013)

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Local control of protein binding and cell adhesion by patterned organic thin films. Meiners F, Plettenberg I, Witt J, et al. Anal. Bioanal. Chem 405(11), 3673-91, (2013)

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Kinetic bromine isotope effect: example from the microbial debromination of brominated phenols. Bernstein A, Ronen Z, Levin E, et al. Anal. Bioanal. Chem 405(9), 2923-9, (2013)

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Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance with magic-angle spinning and dynamic nuclear polarization below 25 K. Thurber KR, Potapov A, Yau WM, et al. J. Magn. Reson. 226, 100-6, (2013)

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Pyrrole versus quinoline formation in the palladium catalyzed reaction of 2-alkynyl-3-bromothiophenes and 2-alkynyl-3-bromofurans with anilines. A combined experimental and computational study. Salman GA, Nisa RU, Iaroshenko VO, et al. Org. Biomol. Chem. 10(47), 9464-73, (2012)

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Active halogen compounds and proteinaceous material: loss of activity of topical anti-infectives by halogen consumption. Gottardi W and Nagl M J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 65(2), 213-8, (2013)

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Oxyhalogen-sulfur chemistry: kinetics and mechanism of oxidation of captopril by acidified bromate and aqueous bromine. Kapungu GP, Rukweza G, Tran T, et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 117(13), 2704-17, (2013)

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Design and synthesis of new 1D and 2D R-isophthalic acid-based coordination polymers (R = hydrogen or bromine). Zhang R, Gong Q, Emge TJ, et al. Chimia 67(6), 393-6, (2013)

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Spontaneous transfer of chirality in an atropisomerically enriched two-axis system. Barrett KT, Metrano AJ, Rablen PR, et al. Nature 509(7498), 71-5, (2014)

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Electrophilic reactivity of tetrabromorhodamine 123 is bromine induced: convergent interpretation through complementary molecular descriptors. Ferreira JA, Sánchez-Coronilla A, Togashi DM, et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 116(48), 11938-45, (2012)

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A bis(triazole)benzamide receptor for the complexation of halide anions and neutral carboxylic acid guests. Guest-controlled topicity and self-assembly. García F, Aragó J, Viruela R, et al. Org. Biomol. Chem. 11(5), 765-72, (2013)

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Improved method for the extraction and determination of bromophenols in seafoods by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Zhang S, Li Y, You J, et al. J. Agric. Food Chem. 60(44), 10985-90, (2012)

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Enzymatic synthesis of bromo- and chlorocarbazoles and elucidation of their structures by molecular modeling. Mumbo J, Lenoir D, Henkelmann B, et al. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 20(12), 8996-9005, (2013)

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Radiopharmaceuticals labelled with bromine isotopes. Maziere B and Loc'h C Int. J. Rad. Appl. Instrum. A. 37(8), 703-13, (1986)

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Bromine--the red cloud approaching. Makarovsky I, Markel G, Hoffman A, et al. Isr. Med. Assoc. J. 9(9), 677-9, (2007)

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Investigations on the physico chemical properties of 4-bromochalcone single crystals for nonlinear optical applications. Prabu S, Nagalakshmi R, and Srinivasan P Spectrochim. Acta. A. Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 103, 45-52, (2013)

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Formation of THMs and HANs during bromination of Microcystis aeruginosa. Pu Y, Kong L, Huang X, et al. J. Environ. Sci. (China) 25(9), 1795-9, (2013)

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The base-free chemoselective ring opening of epoxides with carboxylic acids using [bmim]Br: a rapid entry into 1,2-diol mono-esters synthesis. Rad MN and Behrouz S Mol. Divers. 17(1), 9-18, (2013)

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Micronutrients and macronutrients in the liver in experimental alimentary obesity. Churin BV, Trunova VA, Zvereva VV, et al. Bull. Exp. Biol. Med. 154(2), 206-9, (2012)

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Biodegradation of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) by white-rot fungus Phlebia lindtneri. Xu G and Wang J Chemosphere 110, 70-7, (2014)

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Comparative study of disinfectants for use in low-cost gravity driven household water purifiers. Patil RA, Kausley SB, Balkunde PL, et al. J. Water Health 11(3), 443-56, (2013)

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Merck 14,1394

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