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251275 Sigma-Aldrich

Citric acid

ACS reagent, ≥99.5%

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Properties

Related Categories ACS Grade Buffers, Acids, Acids & Bases, Analytical/Chromatography, Biochemicals and Reagents,
grade   ACS reagent
assay   ≥99.5%
expl. lim.   8 %, 65 °F
impurities   Substances carbonizable by hot sulfuric acid, passes test
ign. residue   ≤0.02%
pKa    (1) 3.13, (2) 4.76, (3) 6.4
mp   153-159 °C(lit.)
anion traces   chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%
  oxalate (C2O42-): passes test (limit about 0.003%)
  phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.001%
  sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.002%
cation traces   Fe: ≤3 ppm
  Pb: ≤2 ppm
Gene Information   human ... SRC(6714)

Description

Packaging

100, 500 g in poly bottle

12 kg in fiber drum

2.5 kg in poly bottle

5 g in glass bottle

Legal Information

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Go to Redi-Dri Product Listing 791725

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TruPAGE™ Pre-cast Polyacrylamide Gels


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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
GE7350000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Determination of Water Content in Citric acid anhydrous Using Karl Fischer Titration

Group(s): Carboxylic Acids, Cosmetic Products + Compounds, Pharmaceutical Products + Compounds
Keywords: Esterifications, Pharmaceutical, Titrations

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Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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Antagonistic interactions between sodium hypochlorite, chlorhexidine, EDTA, and citric acid. Rossi-Fedele G, Doğramaci EJ, Guastalli AR, et al. J. Endod. 38(4), 426-31, (2012)

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Aspergillus niger citric acid accumulation: do we understand this well working black box? Karaffa L and Kubicek CP Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 61(3), 189-96, (2003)

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Inhibitory control of the cough reflex by galanin receptors in the caudal nucleus tractus solitarii of the rabbit. Mutolo D, Cinelli E, Bongianni F, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 307(11), R1358-67, (2014)

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Transformations of citrate and Tween coated silver nanoparticles reacted with Na₂S. Baalousha M, Arkill KP, Romer I, et al. Sci. Total Environ. 502, 344-53, (2015)

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Antitussive activity of Withania somnifera and opioid receptors. Nosálová G, Sivová V, Ray B, et al. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 838, 19-25, (2015)

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Determining the minimum inhibitory concentration of Tetraclean against Candida albicans. Qyasian A, Mohammadi Z, Giardino L, et al. Niger. J. Med. 23(3), 201-6, (2014)

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Effect of irrigation with Tetraclean on bacterial leakage of obturated root canals. Mohammadi Z, Shalavi S, Giardino L, et al. N. Y. State Dent. J. 80(3), 39-43, (2014)

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An NMR metabolomics approach for the diagnosis of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis in lung adenocarcinoma cancer patients. An YJ, Cho HR, Kim TM, et al. Int. J. Cancer 136(1), 162-71, (2015)

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Authors reply. Goodarzi MT Saudi J. Kidney Dis. Transpl. 24(5), 1023, (2013)

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Comparison of urinary citrate excretion between patients with nephrolithiasis and healthy volunteers. Roomizadeh P and Mehdikhani B Saudi J. Kidney Dis. Transpl. 24(5), 1022-3, (2013)

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[Influence of pH on synthesis of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus IMV B-7241 biosurfactants]. Pirog TP, Antoniuk SI, Konon AD, et al. Mikrobiol. Z. 75(3), 32-40, (2013)

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[Hepatoduodenal circulation and excretion of the new GABA derivative citrocard]. Tiurenkov IN, Perfilova VN, Smirnova LA, et al. Eksp. Klin. Farmakol. 76(3), 38-40, (2013)

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Twenty-four-hour urine constituents in stone formers: a study from the northeast part of Peninsular Malaysia. Hussein NS, Sadiq SM, Kamaliah MD, et al. Saudi J. Kidney Dis. Transpl. 24(3), 630-7, (2013)

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Enamel protection from acid challenge--benefits of marketed fluoride dentifrices. Faller RV and Eversole SL J. Clin. Dent. 24(1), 25-30, (2013)

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Effect of initial irrigation with sodium hypochlorite on residual antibacterial activity of tetraclean. Mohammadi Z, Giardino L, Palazzi F, et al. N. Y. State Dent. J. 79(1), 32-6, (2013)

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Citric acid production patent review. Anastassiadis S, Morgunov IG, Kamzolova SV, et al. Recent Pat. Biotechnol. 2(2), 107-23, (2008)

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Neuroprotective strategies in Parkinson's disease: protection against progressive nigral damage induced by free radicals. Chiueh CC, Andoh T, Lai AR, et al. Neurotox. Res. 2(2-3), 293-310, (2000)

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Prevention of thiazide-induced hypokalemia without magnesium depletion by potassium-magnesium-citrate. Odvina CV, Mason RP, and Pak CY Am. J. Ther. 13(2), 101-8, (2006)

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Preventing blockage of long-term indwelling catheters in adults: are citric acid solutions effective? Mayes J, Bliss J, and Griffiths P Br. J. Community Nurs. 8(4), 172-5, (2003)

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[Citric acid as an adjunct to periodontal surgery]. Grossman E and van der Weijden GA Ned. Tijdschr. Tandheelkd. 100(1), 11-5, (1993)

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The biochemistry of citric acid accumulation by Aspergillus niger. Karaffa L, Sándor E, Fekete E, et al. Acta Microbiol. Immunol. Hung. 48(3-4), 429-40, (2001)

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Mechanisms of citric acid-induced bronchoconstriction. Ricciardolo FL Am. J. Med. 111 Suppl 8A, 18S-24S, (2001)

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Long-term aging of a CeO(2) based nanocomposite used for wood protection. Auffan M, Masion A, Labille J, et al. Environ. Pollut. 188, 1-7, (2014)

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Disruption of biomolecule function by nanoparticles: how do gold nanoparticles affect Phase I biotransformation of persistent organic pollutants? Lu Z, Ma G, Veinot JG, et al. Chemosphere 93(1), 123-32, (2013)

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The effect of sodium bicarbonate upon urinary citrate excretion in calcium stone formers. Pinheiro VB, Baxmann AC, Tiselius HG, et al. Urology 82(1), 33-7, (2013)

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Selective pick-up of increased iron by deferoxamine-coupled cellulose abrogates the iron-driven induction of matrix-degrading metalloproteinase 1 and lipid peroxidation in human dermal fibroblasts in vitro: a new dressing concept. Wenk J, Foitzik A, Achterberg V, et al. J. Invest. Dermatol. 116(6), 833-9, (2001)

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Cheminformatics analysis of assertions mined from literature that describe drug-induced liver injury in different species. Denis Fourches et al Chem. Res. Toxicol. 23, 171-83, (2010)

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Association of metabolic syndrome traits and severity of kidney stones: results from a nationwide survey on urolithiasis in Japan. Kohjimoto Y, Sasaki Y, Iguchi M, et al. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 61(6), 923-9, (2013)

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Colorimetric and fluorescent chemosensor for citrate based on a rhodamine and Pb2+ complex in aqueous solution. Li CY, Zhou Y, Li YF, et al. Anal. Chim. Acta 774, 79-84, (2013)

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Urinary metabolite quantification employing 2D NMR spectroscopy. Gronwald W, Klein MS, Kaspar H, et al. Anal. Chem. 80(23), 9288-97, (2008)

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Organic acids pretreatment effect on Rosa bourbonia phyto-biomass for removal of Pb(II) and Cu(II) from aqueous media. Manzoor Q, Nadeem R, Iqbal M, et al. Bioresour. Technol. 132, 446-52, (2013)

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Enhanced bioavailability of sirolimus via preparation of solid dispersion nanoparticles using a supercritical antisolvent process. Kim MS, Kim JS, Park HJ, et al. Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 2997-3009, (2011)

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Citrate bridges between mineral platelets in bone. Davies E, Müller KH, Wong WC, et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111(14), E1354-63, (2014)

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Peptidomic analysis of human blood specimens: comparison between plasma specimens and serum by differential peptide display. Tammen H, Schulte I, Hess R, et al. Proteomics 5(13), 3414-22, (2005)

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Detection of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease by NMR spectroscopic fingerprinting of urine. Gronwald W, Klein MS, Zeltner R, et al. Kidney Int. 79(11), 1244-53, (2011)

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A systematic evaluation of agglomeration of Ag and TiO2 nanoparticles under freshwater relevant conditions. Topuz E, Sigg L, and Talinli I Environ. Pollut. 193, 37-44, (2014)

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The lifespan-promoting effect of acetic acid and Reishi polysaccharide. Ming-Hong Chuang et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. 17, 7831-40, (2009)

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Iron and citric acid: a fuzzy chemistry of ubiquitous biological relevance. Pierre JL and Gautier-Luneau I Biometals 13(1), 91-6, (2000)

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Citrate occurs widely in healthy and pathological apatitic biomineral: mineralized articular cartilage, and intimal atherosclerotic plaque and apatitic kidney stones. Reid DG, Duer MJ, Jackson GE, et al. Calcif. Tissue Int. 93(3), 253-60, (2013)

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Poly(amidoamine) salt form: effect on pH-dependent membrane activity and polymer conformation in solution. Wan KW, Malgesini B, Verpilio I, et al. Biomacromolecules 5(3), 1102-9, (2004)

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Physiology and pathophysiology of organic acids in cerebrospinal fluid. Hoffmann GF, Meier-Augenstein W, Stöckler S, et al. J. Inherit. Metab. Dis. 16(4), 648-69, (1993)

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Molecular modifications on carboxylic acid derivatives as potent histone deacetylase inhibitors: Activity and docking studies. Gamze Bora-Tatar et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. 17, 5219-28, (2009)

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Investigating oxidative stress and inflammatory responses elicited by silver nanoparticles using high-throughput reporter genes in HepG2 cells: effect of size, surface coating, and intracellular uptake. Prasad RY, McGee JK, Killius MG, et al. Toxicol. In Vitro 27(6), 2013-21, (2013)

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Characteristics of organic acids in the fruit of different pumpkin species. Nawirska-Olszańska A, Biesiada A, Sokół-Łętowska A, et al. Food Chem. 148, 415-9, (2014)

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Fluorescence imaging enabled urethane-doped citrate-based biodegradable elastomers. Zhang Y, Tran RT, Qattan IS, et al. Biomaterials 34(16), 4048-56, (2013)

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Inhibition of the proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT-SLC46A1) by bicarbonate and other anions. Zhao R, Visentin M, Suadicani SO, et al. Mol. Pharmacol. 84(1), 95-103, (2013)

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Monoclonal antibody heterogeneity analysis and deamidation monitoring with high-performance cation-exchange chromatofocusing using simple, two component buffer systems. Kang X, Kutzko JP, Hayes ML, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1283, 89-97, (2013)

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An investigation of the immediate and storage effects of chemical treatments on Campylobacter and sensory characteristics of poultry meat. Meredith H, Walsh D, McDowell DA, et al. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 166(2), 309-15, (2013)

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Proposed role for a combination of citric acid and ascorbic acid in the production of dietary iron overload: a fundamental cause of disease. Crawford RD Biochem. Mol. Med. 54(1), 1-11, (1995)

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The characteristics of the stone and urine composition in Chinese stone formers: primary report of a single-center results. Wu W, Yang D, Tiselius HG, et al. Urology 83(4), 732-7, (2014)

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Visible light photo-oxidation of model pollutants using CaCu3Ti4O12: an experimental and theoretical study of optical properties, electronic structure, and selectivity. Joanna H. Clark et al J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 1016-32, (2010)

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Reclamation of copper-contaminated soil using EDTA or citric acid coupled with dissolved organic matter solution extracted from distillery sludge. Liu CC and Lin YC Environ. Pollut. 178, 97-101, (2013)

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Contributions of citrate in redox potential maintenance and ATP production: metabolic pathways and their regulation in Lactobacillus panis PM1. Kang TS, Korber DR, and Tanaka T Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 97(19), 8693-703, (2013)

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Citric acid improves lead (pb) phytoextraction in brassica napus L. by mitigating pb-induced morphological and biochemical damages. Shakoor MB, Ali S, Hameed A, et al. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 109, 38-47, (2014)

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Citric acid assisted phytoremediation of cadmium by Brassica napus L. Ehsan S, Ali S, Noureen S, et al. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 106, 164-72, (2014)

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Simultaneous high performance liquid chromatographic separation of purines, pyrimidines, N-acetylated amino acids, and dicarboxylic acids for the chemical diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism. Tavazzi B, Lazzarino G, Leone P, et al. Clin. Biochem. 38(11), 997-1008, (2005)

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Discovery of novel lipophilic inhibitors of OXA-10 enzyme (class D beta-lactamase) by screening amino analogs and homologs of citrate and isocitrate. Joséphine Beck et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 19, 3593-7, (2009)

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Crystal structures of Helicobacter pylori type II dehydroquinase inhibitor complexes: new directions for inhibitor design. David A Robinson et al J. Med. Chem. 49, 1282-90, (2006)

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Systematic study of alginate-based microcapsules by micropipette aspiration and confocal fluorescence microscopy. Kleinberger RM, Burke NA, Dalnoki-Veress K, et al. Mater. Sci. Eng. C. Mater. Biol. Appl. 33(7), 4295-304, (2013)

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High performance B doped BiVO4 photocatalyst with visible light response by citric acid complex method. Wang M, Zheng H, Liu Q, et al. Spectrochim. Acta. A. Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 114, 74-9, (2013)

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Nanoparticle film assemblies as platforms for electrochemical biosensing--factors affecting the amperometric signal enhancement of hydrogen peroxide. Schmidt AR, Nguyen ND, and Leopold MC Langmuir 29(14), 4574-83, (2013)

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2-Aminopropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid: Synthesis and co-crystallization with the class A beta-lactamase BS3 of Bacillus licheniformis. Joséphine Beck et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 18, 3764-8, (2008)

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Experimental stability analysis of different water-based nanofluids. Laura Fedele et al Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6, 300, (2011)

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Remobilisation of silver and silver sulphide nanoparticles in soils. Navarro DA, Kirby JK, McLaughlin MJ, et al. Environ. Pollut. 193, 102-10, (2014)

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Metabolic responses to iron deficiency in roots of Carrizo citrange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck. x Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf]. Martínez-Cuenca MR, Iglesias DJ, Talón M, et al. Tree Physiol. 33(3), 320-9, (2013)

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Effect of media components on cell growth and bacterial cellulose production from Acetobacter aceti MTCC 2623. Dayal MS, Goswami N, Sahai A, et al. Carbohydr. Polym. 94(1), 12-6, (2013)

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Urinary and plasma organic acids and amino acids in chronic fatigue syndrome. Jones MG, Cooper E, Amjad S, et al. Clin. Chim. Acta 361(1-2), 150-8, (2005)

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Crystal and solution studies reveal that the transcriptional regulator AcnR of Corynebacterium glutamicum is regulated by citrate-Mg2+ binding to a non-canonical pocket. García-Nafría J, Baumgart M, Turkenburg JP, et al. J. Biol. Chem. 288(22), 15800-12, (2013)

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GC/TOFMS analysis of metabolites in serum and urine reveals metabolic perturbation of TCA cycle in db/db mice involved in diabetic nephropathy. Li M, Wang X, Aa J, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. 304(11), F1317-24, (2013)

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Platelet characteristics associated with coronary artery disease. McBane RD, Karnicki K, Tahirkheli N, et al. J. Thromb. Haemost. 1(6), 1296-303, (2003)

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The secretion of organic acids is also regulated by factors other than aluminum. Ding H, Wen D, Fu Z, et al. Environ. Monit. Assess. 186(2), 1123-31, (2014)

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Electrodeposition of nanocrystalline Ni-W coatings with citric acid system. Du J, Xu L, Chen B, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 690-3, (2013)

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Citrate and mineral metabolism: kidney stones and bone disease. Caudarella R, Vescini F, Buffa A, et al. Front. Biosci. 8, s1084-106, (2003)

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Effect of citric acid deamidation on in vitro digestibility and antioxidant properties of wheat gluten. Qiu C, Sun W, Cui C, et al. Food Chem. 141(3), 2772-8, (2013)

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Up-regulation and interaction of the plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase and the 14-3-3 protein are involved in the regulation of citrate exudation from the broad bean (Vicia faba L.) under Al stress. Chen Q, Guo CL, Wang P, et al. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 70, 504-11, (2013)

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Residual aggregates in platelet products: what do we know? Ringwald J, Antoon M, Eckstein R, et al. Vox Sang. 106(3), 209-18, (2014)

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Semen quality and reproductive endocrine function with regard to blood cadmium in Croatian male subjects. Jurasović J, Cvitković P, Pizent A, et al. Biometals 17(6), 735-43, (2004)

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New decontamination method based on caprylic acid in combination with citric acid or vanillin for eliminating Cronobacter sakazakii and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in reconstituted infant formula. Choi MJ, Kim SA, Lee NY, et al. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 166(3), 499-507, (2013)

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Ga-67 positivity in sarcoidosis of the skin with coincident thyroid uptake of uncertain etiology. Moreno AJ, Brown JM, Salinas JA, et al. Clin. Nucl. Med. 9(3), 165-6, (1984)

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Property changes of urinary nanocrystallites and urine of uric acid stone formers after taking potassium citrate. Zhang GN, Ouyang JM, Xue JF, et al. Mater. Sci. Eng. C. Mater. Biol. Appl. 33(7), 4039-45, (2013)

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Photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by citric and oxalic acids over biogenetic jarosite. Xu Z, Bai S, Liang J, et al. Mater. Sci. Eng. C. Mater. Biol. Appl. 33(4), 2192-6, (2013)

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Changes in primary metabolism leading to citric acid overflow in Aspergillus niger. Legisa M and Mattey M Biotechnol. Lett. 29(2), 181-90, (2007)

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Testosterone and prolactin regulation of metabolic genes and citrate metabolism of prostate epithelial cells. Costello LC and Franklin RB Horm. Metab. Res. 34(8), 417-24, (2002)

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Cationic albumin-conjugated magnetite nanoparticles, novel candidate for hyperthermia cancer therapy. Cheraghipour E and Javadpour S Int. J. Hyperthermia 29(6), 511-9, (2013)

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Blood platelet kinetics and platelet transfusion. Aster RH J. Clin. Invest. 123(11), 4564-5, (2013)

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Selective induction and subcellular distribution of ACONITASE 3 reveal the importance of cytosolic citrate metabolism during lipid mobilization in Arabidopsis. Hooks MA, Allwood JW, Harrison JK, et al. Biochem. J. 463(2), 309-17, (2014)

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Decontamination treatments can increase the prevalence of resistance to antibiotics of Escherichia coli naturally present on poultry. Capita R, Alvarez-Fernández E, Fernández-Buelta E, et al. Food Microbiol. 34(1), 112-7, (2013)

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Effect of EDTA and citric acid on phytoremediation of Cr- B[a]P-co-contaminated soil. Chigbo C and Batty L Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 20(12), 8955-63, (2013)

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Improved preservation of coagulation factors after pre-storage leukocyte depletion of whole blood. Solheim BG, Flesland O, Brosstad F, et al. Transfus. Apher. Sci. 29(2), 133-9, (2003)

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Thorium(IV) removal from aqueous medium by citric acid treated mangrove endophytic fungus Fusarium sp. #ZZF51. Yang SK, Tan N, Yan XM, et al. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 74(1), 213-9, (2013)

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The role of mast cells in citric acid-induced airway constriction and cough. Lai YL, Wu LL, Lin TY, et al. Chin. J. Physiol. 52(5 Suppl), 332-8, (2009)

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Do rhizospheric processes linked to P nutrition participate in U absorption by Lupinus albus grown in hydroponics? Tailliez A, Pierrisnard S, Camilleri V, et al. J. Environ. Radioact. 124, 255-65, (2013)

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Citrate milling of oxides: from poly-dispersed micron scale to nearly mono-dispersed nanoscale. Shaikh PA, Banerjee A, Game O, et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(14), 5091-6, (2013)

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Study of plasma exchange for liver failure: beneficial and harmful effects. Abe T, Kobata H, Hanba Y, et al. Ther. Apher. Dial. 8(3), 180-4, (2004)

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Protons are one of the limiting factors in determining sensitivity of nano surface-assisted (+)-mode LDI MS analyses. Cho E, Ahn M, Kim YH, et al. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 24(10), 1489-92, (2013)

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The impact of peripheral arterial disease on circulating platelets. McBane RD, Karnicki K, Miller RS, et al. Thromb. Res. 113(2), 137-45, (2004)

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Proteomic analysis of a high aluminum tolerant yeast Rhodotorula taiwanensis RS1 in response to aluminum stress. Wang C, Wang CY, Zhao XQ, et al. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1834(10), 1969-75, (2013)

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Major factors modulating the serum oxalic acid level in hemodialysis patients. Ogawa Y, Machida N, Jahana M, et al. Front. Biosci. 9, 2901-8, (2004)

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Effect of different concentrations of acetic, citric, and propionic acid dipping solutions on bacterial contamination of raw chicken skin. Menconi A, Shivaramaiah S, Huff GR, et al. Poult. Sci. 92(8), 2216-20, (2013)

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Sensitivity analysis for studying the relation between biochemical reactions and metabolic phenotypes. Maj C, Mosca E, Merelli I, et al. J. Bioinform. Comput. Biol. 11(1), 1340002, (2013)

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Effects of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist Roxifiban on P-selectin expression, fibrinogen binding, and microaggregate formation in a phase I dose-finding study: no evidence for platelet activation during treatment with a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist. Seiffert D, Thomas BE, Bradley JD, et al. Platelets 14(3), 179-87, (2003)

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Effect of citric acid and rhizosphere bacteria on metal plaque formation and metal accumulation in reeds in synthetic acid mine drainage solution. Guo L and Cutright TJ Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 104, 72-8, (2014)

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In vivo 31P-MRS assessment of muscle-pH, cytolsolic-[Mg2+] and phosphorylation potential after supplementing hypokaliuric renal stone patients with potassium and magnesium salts. Mairiang E, Hanpanich P, and Sriboonlue P Magn. Reson. Imaging 22(5), 715-9, (2004)

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Percentage exposure of root dentin collagen after application of two irrigation protocols with manual or rotary instrumentation and two methacrylate resin-based sealers. González-López S, Martín-Altuve E, Bolaños-Carmona V, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 15(5), 481-9, (2013)

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Anti-thrombotic effect of a novel formula from Corni fructus with malic acid, succinic acid and citric acid. Zhang QC, Zhao Y, and Bian HM Phytother Res. 28(5), 722-7, (2014)

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Intra-individual comparison of magnesium citrate and sodium phosphate for bowel preparation at CT colonography: automated volumetric analysis of residual fluid for quality assessment. Bannas P, Bakke J, Munoz del Rio A, et al. Clin. Radiol. 69(11), 1171-7, (2014)

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Apheresis therapy in children: an overview of key technical aspects and a review of experience in pediatric renal disease. Hunt EA, Jain NG, and Somers MJ J. Clin. Apher. 28(1), 36-47, (2013)

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Citric acid induces cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis of human immortalized keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) via caspase- and mitochondrial-dependent signaling pathways. Ying TH, Chen CW, Hsiao YP, et al. Anticancer Res. 33(10), 4411-20, (2013)

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Analysis of factors influencing the blood levels and activities of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA). Wei R, Han JJ, Bai B, et al. Clin. Hemorheol. Microcirc. 29(3-4), 351-6, (2003)

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Metabolic risk factors and the effect of metaphylaxis in pediatric stone disease with hypocitraturia. Karsli O, Izol V, Aridogan IA, et al. Urolithiasis 41(1), 9-13, (2013)

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[The cancer tumor: a metabolic parasite?]. Icard P and Lincet H Bull. Cancer 100(5), 427-33, (2013)

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Iatrogenic hypercalcaemia including Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in regional citrate anticoagulation for continuous venovenous haemodialysis. Fearnley RA, Gatward JJ, and Gattas DJ Anaesth. Intensive Care 42(4), 520-1, (2014)

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Technical Note: evaluation of the uncertainties in (choline + creatine)/citrate ratios measured by proton MR spectroscopic imaging in patients suspicious for prostate cancer. Zbýň Š, Krššák M, Memarsadeghi M, et al. Rofo. 186(7), 698-702, (2014)

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The man who bottled evolution. Pennisi E Science 342(6160), 790-3, (2013)

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Recurrent thrombosis despite a therapeutic international normalised ratio. Carroll A, Griffiths L, Mahadevan V, et al. Clin. Med. 13(2), 211-2, (2013)

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Citric acid production. Berovic M and Legisa M Biotechnol. Annu. Rev. 13, 303-43, (2007)

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Rhabdomyolysis-related renal tubular damage studied by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of urine. Bairaktari E, Seferiadis K, Liamis G, et al. Clin. Chem. 48(7), 1106-9, (2002)

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Merck 14,2326

Beil. 3,IV,1272

Aldrich MSDS 1, 477:A / Arctander, 657 / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 892:B / FT-IR 1 (1), 524:B / FT-IR 2 (1), 812:D / FT-NMR 1 (1), 814:A / Fenaroli / IR-Spectra (3), 307:B / IR-Spectra (2), 276:H / NMR-Reference 2 (1), 458:D / RegBook 1 (1), 569:H / Sax 6, 796 / Sigma FT-IR 1 (2), 401:D / Structure Index 1, 81:B:6

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