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270997 Sigma-Aldrich

Dichloromethane

anhydrous, ≥99.8%, contains 50-150 ppm amylene as stabilizer

Synonym: DCM, Methylene chloride

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Properties

Related Categories Anhydrous, Anhydrous Solvents, Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride), Products, Returnable Containers,
grade   anhydrous
vapor density   2.9 (vs air)
vapor pressure   24.45 psi ( 55 °C)
  6.83 psi ( 20 °C)
  6.86 psi ( 20 °C)
assay   ≥99.8%
autoignition temp.   1223 °F
contains   50-150 ppm amylene as stabilizer
expl. lim.   22 %
impurities   ≤0.001% water
  ≤0.005% water (100 mL pkg)
evapn. residue   <0.0005%
refractive index   n20/D 1.424(lit.)
bp   39.8-40 °C(lit.)
mp   −97 °C(lit.)
density   1.325 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Description

Packaging

1, 6×1, 2, 4×2 L in Sure/Seal™

View returnable container options.

100, 12×100 mL in Sure/Seal™

18, 200 L in Pure-Pac™ 1

Price and Availability

A Greener Alternative to Dichloromethane


A Greener Alternative to DichloromethaneLooking for a greener alternative to dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) in HPLC and
flash chromatography applications?
Consider the greener non-chlorinated alternative, Ethyl acetate/Ethanol 3:1 (v/v) solution (Cat. No. 745588).



Greener/Safer Solvent Dispensing Options


Returnable ContainersOur wide selection of solvents are
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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Target organs 
Blood, Central nervous system, Liver
Hazard Codes (Europe) 
Xn
Risk Statements (Europe) 
Safety Statements (Europe) 
23-24/25-36/37
RIDADR 
UN 1593 6.1 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
PA8050000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Determination of Water Content in Dichloromethane Using Karl Fischer Titration

The determination of water in halogenated hydrocarbons is simple and in most cases straightforward. Solubility in methanol is good and the use of 1-propanol or chloroform is only necessary in the cas...
Keywords: Pharmaceutical, Titrations

Determination of Water Content in Dichloromethane, free chlorine Using Karl Fischer Titration

The determination of water in halogenated hydrocarbons is simple and in most cases straightforward. Solubility in methanol is good and the use of 1-propanol or chloroform is only necessary in the cas...
Keywords: Titrations

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Pesticides are an essential component in modern agriculture and enable growers to fully realize the yield potential of their seeds. From compound discovery to active ingredient development, our chemi...
Keywords: Agriculture, Pesticides

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

Set your institution to view full text papers.

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Cholangiocarcinoma among offset colour proof-printing workers exposed to 1,2-dichloropropane and/or dichloromethane. Kumagai S, Kurumatani N, Arimoto A, et al. Occup. Environ. Med. 70(7), 508-10, (2013)

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Use of dichloromethane for preparative supercritical fluid chromatographic enantioseparations. Miller L J. Chromatogr. A 1363, 323-30, (2014)

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Including exposure variability in the life cycle impact assessment of indoor chemical emissions: the case of metal degreasing. Golsteijn L, Huizer D, Hauck M, et al. Environ. Int. 71, 36-45, (2014)

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Anti-tumor potential and acute toxicity of Jacaranda puberula Cham. (Bignoniacea). de-Almeida MR, Ramos-Leal IC, Ruela HS, et al. Pak. J. Pharm. Sci. 26(5), 881-92, (2013)

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[Potentiometric glucose determination in human serum samples with glucose oxidase biosensor based on iodide electrode]. Karakus E, Pekyardimchi Sh, and Kilich E Prikl. Biokhim. Mikrobiol. 49(2), 209-14, (2013)

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Chiral separations by HPLC on immobilized polysaccharide chiral stationary phases. Ali I, Al-Othman ZA, and Aboul-Enein HY Methods Mol. Biol. 970, 127-35, (2013)

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Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of Pittocaulon species from México. Marín-Loaiza JC, Nieto-Camacho A, and Céspedes CL Pharm. Biol. 51(2), 260-6, (2013)

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[Functional analysis of the genome fragment involved in aerobic dichloromethane degradation by methylobacterium dichloromethanicum DM4]. Firsova IuE, Fedorov DN, and Trotsenko IuA Prikl. Biokhim. Mikrobiol. 48(5), 516-21, (2012)

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Multinuclear palladium(II) complexes from P-C and P-Cl bond cleavage in (R(P),R(P)/S(P),S(P))-[PdCl2{1,2-(P(t)BuCl)2C2B10H10}]. Maulana I, Lönnecke P, and Hey-Hawkins E Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(82), 10231-3, (2012)

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Cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of tannery waste contaminated soils. Masood F and Malik A Sci. Total Environ. 444, 153-60, (2013)

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Bioactive constituents of Salvia chrysophylla Stapf. Çulhaoğlu B, Yapar G, Dirmenci T, et al. Nat. Prod. Res. 27(4-5), 438-47, (2013)

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PGSE NMR diffusion overhauser studies on [Ru(Cp*)(eta6-arene)][PF6], plus a variety of transition-metal, inorganic, and organic salts: an overview of ion pairing in dichloromethane. Moreno A, Pregosin PS, Veiros LF, et al. Chemistry 14(18), 5617-29, (2008)

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Ligand contributions to the electronic structures of the oxidized cobalt(II) salen complexes. Kochem A, Kanso H, Baptiste B, et al. Inorg. Chem. 51(20), 10557-71, (2012)

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Heme oxygenase 1-generated carbon monoxide and biliverdin attenuate the course of experimental necrotizing pancreatitis. Nuhn P, Mitkus T, Ceyhan GO, et al. Pancreas 42(2), 265-71, (2013)

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Development of a simultaneous extraction and cleanup method for pyrethroid pesticides from indoor house dust samples. Van Emon JM and Chuang JC Anal. Chim. Acta 745, 38-44, (2012)

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Activation of dichloromethane by a V(III) thiolate complex: an example of S-based nucleophilic reactivity in an early transition metal thiolate. Chen TT, Chen YS, Chang YH, et al. Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 49(11), 1109-11, (2013)

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Inhibitory effects of cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP3A4 by Labisia pumila extracts. Pan Y, Tiong KH, Abd-Rashid BA, et al. J. Ethnopharmacol. 143(2), 586-91, (2012)

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Unprecedented spirocyclization of 3-methyleneindoline-2-thiones during hydrolysis of the phytoalexin cyclobrassinin. Pedras MS, Abdoli A, Chumala PB, et al. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 23(2), 484-7, (2013)

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Voltammetric determination of β-carotene in raw vegetables and berries in Triton X100 media. Ziyatdinova G, Ziganshina E, and Budnikov H Talanta 99, 1024-9, (2012)

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Biodegradation of dichloromethane along with other VOCs from pharmaceutical wastewater. Priya VS and Philip L Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 169(4), 1197-218, (2013)

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HPLC analysis and cytotoxic activity of Vernonia cinerea. Khay M, Toeng P, Mahiou-Leddet V, et al. Nat. Prod. Commun. 7(10), 1259-62, (2012)

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Development of QSAR models for predicting hepatocarcinogenic toxicity of chemicals. Ilaria Massarelli et al Eur. J. Med. Chem. 44, 3658-64, (2009)

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Enzymatic primer-extension with glycerol-nucleoside triphosphates on DNA templates. Chen JJ, et al. PLoS ONE 4(3), e4949, (2009)

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Structure simulation of ultrathin dichloromethane layer on a solid substrate by density functional theory and molecular dynamics simulations. Zubkov VV and Komarov PV J. Chem. Phys. 137(7), 074705, (2012)

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Optimization extraction process of aroma components in tobacco. Luo H, Cheng H, Du W, et al. J. Chromatogr. Sci. 51(3), 250-7, (2013)

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Relevance of carcinogenicity bioassays in mice in assessing potential health risks associated with exposure to methylene chloride. Liteplo RG, Long GW, and Meek ME Hum. Exp. Toxicol. 17(2), 84-7, (1998)

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Selective extraction of berberine and palmatine from Huangbai powder. Zhou C, Li J, Tan S, et al. Pak. J. Pharm. Sci. 26(5), 1023-5, (2013)

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Application of nano-TiO2/LDPE composite film on photocatalytic oxidation degradation of dichloromethane. Suwannahong K, Liengcharernsit W, Sanongraj W, et al. J. Environ Biol. 33(5), 955-9, (2012)

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In vitro and in vivo antileishmania activity of sesquiterpene lactone-rich dichloromethane fraction obtained from Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Rabito MF, Britta EA, Pelegrini BL, et al. Exp. Parasitol. 143, 18-23, (2014)

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[Admissible concentration in biological material: an index of exposure to dichloromethane]. Kupczewska-Dobecka M and Soćko R Med. Pr. 59(2), 187-95, (2008)

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Merck 14,6063

Beil. 1,IV,35

Fieser 1,676 / Fieser 2,273 / Fieser 4,337 / Fieser 7,239

Aldrich MSDS 1, 621:C / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 1140:D / FT-IR 1 (1), 70:D / FT-IR 2 (1), 102:A / FT-NMR 1 (1), 105:A / IR-Spectra (2), 45:D / IR-Spectra (3), 47:E / NMR-Reference 2 (1), 72:C / RegBook 1 (1), 71:A / Sax 6, 1763 / Structure Index 1, 8:E:7 / Vapor Phase 3, 102:A

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