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30723 Sigma-Aldrich

Hydrochloric acid solution

puriss. p.a., ≥25%

Synonym: Hydrogen chloride solution

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Properties

Related Categories Acids, Acids & Bases, Analytical Reagents, Analytical Reagents for General Use, Analytical/Chromatography,
vapor pressure   190 mmHg ( 25 °C)
grade   puriss. p.a.
assay   ≥25%
impurities   residual solvents, complies
  ≤0.00005% free chlorine (Cl)
  ≤0.0001% ammonium (NH4)
ign. residue   ≤0.0005% (as SO4)
bp   100 °C(lit.)
anion traces   bromide (Br-): ≤50 mg/kg
  phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.5 mg/kg
  sulfate (SO42-): ≤1 mg/kg
  sulfite (SO32-): ≤1 mg/kg
cation traces   Al: ≤0.05 mg/kg
  As: ≤0.01 mg/kg
  Ba: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Be: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
  Cd: ≤0.01 mg/kg
  Co: ≤0.01 mg/kg
  Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Fe: ≤0.2 mg/kg
  Ge: ≤0.05 mg/kg
  K: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Li: ≤0.01 mg/kg
  Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Mn: ≤0.01 mg/kg
  Mo: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
  Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Pb: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Sr: ≤0.01 mg/kg
  Ti: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Tl: ≤0.05 mg/kg
  V: ≤0.01 mg/kg
  Zn: ≤0.05 mg/kg
  Zr: ≤0.1 mg/kg

Description

Application

Hydrochloric acid solution, puriss. p.a., ≥25% is used as a high purity (>98.5%) analytical reagent.

Other Notes

This product has been replaced by 84410-FLUKA | Hydrochloric acid solution, purum p.a., 24-26% (T) | HCl

Price and Availability

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Hazard Codes (Europe) 
C
Risk Statements (Europe) 
Safety Statements (Europe) 
26-45
RIDADR 
UN 1789 8 / PGII
WGK Germany 
1

Protocols & Articles

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Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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The effects of exogenous surfactant treatment in a murine model of two-hit lung injury. Zambelli V, Bellani G, Amigoni M, et al. Anesth. Analg. 120(2), 381-8, (2015)

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Microabrasion using 18% hydrochloric acid and 37% phosphoric acid in various degrees of fluorosis - an in vivo comparision. Sinha S, Vorse KK, Noorani H, et al. Eur. J. Esthet. Dent. 8(3), 454-65, (2013)

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[Evaluation on preparation process of brevisapin colon-specific tables and its in vitro release]. Li YL, Wang JY, Yang DB, et al. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 38(6), 817-20, (2013)

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Anti-inflammatory effects of ellagic acid on acute lung injury induced by acid in mice. Cornélio Favarin D, Martins Teixeira M, Lemos de Andrade E, et al. Mediators Inflamm. 2013, 164202, (2013)

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Enamel color modifications by controlled hydrochloric acid pumice abrasion: a review with case summaries. Adams TC J. Mass. Dent. Soc. 39(4), 181-3, (1990)

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Dissociative x-ray lasing. Miao Q, Liu JC, Ågren H, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(23), 233905, (2012)

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Reconditioning of an injured lung graft with intrabronchial surfactant instillation in an ex vivo lung perfusion system followed by transplantation. Inci I, Hillinger S, Arni S, et al. J. Surg. Res. 184(2), 1143-9, (2013)

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Structural diversity of pectins isolated from the Styrian oil-pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo var. styriaca) fruit. Košťálová Z, Hromádková Z, and Ebringerová A Carbohydr. Polym. 93(1), 163-71, (2013)

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A platform pathway for production of 3-hydroxyacids provides a biosynthetic route to 3-hydroxy-γ-butyrolactone. Martin CH, Dhamankar H, Tseng HC, et al. Nat. Commun. 4, 1414, (2013)

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Influence of particle size distribution, organic carbon, pH and chlorides on washing of mercury contaminated soil. Xu J, Kleja DB, Biester H, et al. Chemosphere 109, 99-105, (2014)

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TRPV4 inhibition counteracts edema and inflammation and improves pulmonary function and oxygen saturation in chemically induced acute lung injury. Balakrishna S, Song W, Achanta S, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol. 307(2), L158-72, (2014)

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AP-1 pathway-targeted inhibition of inflammatory responses in LPS-treated macrophages and EtOH/HCl-treated stomach by Archidendron clypearia methanol extract. Yang WS, Jeong D, Nam G, et al. J. Ethnopharmacol. 146(2), 637-44, (2013)

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Stability of polydopamine and poly(DOPA) melanin-like films on the surface of polymer membranes under strongly acidic and alkaline conditions. Wei H, Ren J, Han B, et al. Colloids Surf. B Biointerfaces 110, 22-8, (2013)

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Implications of pH manipulation methods for metal toxicity: not all acidic environments are created equal. Esbaugh AJ, Mager EM, Brix KV, et al. Aquat. Toxicol. 130-131, 27-30, (2013)

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Inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling promotes engraftment of mesenchymal stem cells to repair lung injury. Sun Z, Gong X, Zhu H, et al. J. Cell Physiol. 229(2), 213-24, (2014)

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Synthesis of thermal and chemical resistant oxygen barrier starch with reinforcement of nano silicon carbide. Dash S and Swain SK Carbohydr. Polym. 97(2), 758-63, (2013)

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Management of atmospheric pollutants from waste incineration processes: the case of Bozen. Ragazzi M, Tirler W, Angelucci G, et al. Waste Manag Res 31(3), 235-40, (2013)

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State-to-state quantum dynamics of the F + HCl (vi = 0, ji = 0) → HF(vf, jf) + Cl reaction on the ground state potential energy surface. Li A, Guo H, Sun Z, et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(37), 15347-55, (2013)

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Unprecedented one-pot, domino tertiary alcohol protection-Michael type addition of halides to Morita-Baylis-Hillman adduct of isatin with RCOX/K2CO3: diastereoselective synthesis of oxindole appended β-halo esters. Solaiselvi R, Shanmugam P, and Mandal AB Org. Lett. 15(6), 1186-9, (2013)

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Characterization and quantification of racemic and meso-ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-5-sulfophenylacetic) acid/iron (III) by ion-pair ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detector and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Biasone A, Cianci G, Di Tommaso D, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1282, 142-52, (2013)

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Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Inhibition studies with anions and sulfonamides of a new cytosolic enzyme from the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata. Anthony Bertucci et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 21, 710-4, (2011)

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Aegle marmelos fruit pectin for food and pharmaceuticals: Physico-chemical, rheological and functional performance. Jindal M, Kumar V, Rana V, et al. Carbohydr. Polym. 93(2), 386-94, (2013)

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Structural studies of the pectic polysaccharide from Siberian fir (Abies sibirica Ledeb.). Makarova EN, Patova OA, Shakhmatov EG, et al. Carbohydr. Polym. 92(2), 1817-26, (2013)

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Acetosolv pulping for the fractionation of empty fruit bunches from palm oil industry. Ferrer A, Vega A, Rodríguez A, et al. Bioresour. Technol. 132, 115-20, (2013)

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The protection afforded by the outer layer to procercoids of Schistocephalus solidus during passage through the stomach lumen of their vertebrate host (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Marwaha J, Jensen KH, and Jakobsen PJ Exp. Parasitol. 134(1), 12-7, (2013)

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Communication: A new ab initio potential energy surface for HCl-H2O, diffusion Monte Carlo calculations of D0 and a delocalized zero-point wavefunction. Mancini JS and Bowman JM J. Chem. Phys. 138(12), 121102, (2013)

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Ethanol-based organosolv treatment with trace hydrochloric acid improves the enzymatic digestibility of Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) by exposing nanofibers on the surface. Hideno A, Kawashima A, Endo T, et al. Bioresour. Technol. 132, 64-70, (2013)

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Pulmonary blood flow increases in damaged regions directly after acid aspiration in rats. Richter T, Bergmann R, Knels L, et al. Anesthesiology 119(4), 890-900, (2013)

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Avoiding digester upset. Thompson PL, Jiencke FW, Reinhart SW, et al. Water Environ. Res. 85(4), 327-30, (2013)

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Effect of surface pretreatments on the bonding strength and durability of self-adhesive resin cements to machined titanium. Elsaka SE J. Prosthet. Dent. 109(2), 113-20, (2013)

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Fast transport of HCl across a hydrophobic layer over macroscopic distances by using a Pt(II) compound as the transporter. Giannetto A, Lanza S, Puntoriero F, et al. Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 49(69), 7611-3, (2013)

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Shape control of cellulose nanocrystals via compositional acid hydrolysis. Baek C, Hanif Z, Cho SW, et al. J. Biomed. Nanotechnol. 9(7), 1293-8, (2013)

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Experimentally induced hyperchloremic and DL-lactic acidosis in calves: an attempt to study the effects of oral rehydration on acid-base status. Schwedhelm L, Kirchner D, Klaus B, et al. J. Dairy Sci. 96(4), 2464-75, (2013)

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Prostaglandin E(2) mediates acid-induced heartburn in healthy volunteers. Kondo T, Oshima T, Tomita T, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 304(6), G568-73, (2013)

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Effect of amiloride on experimental acid-induced heartburn in non-erosive reflux disease. Bulsiewicz WJ, Shaheen NJ, Hansen MB, et al. Dig. Dis. Sci. 58(7), 1955-9, (2013)

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Impact of α-amylase combined with hydrochloric acid hydrolysis on structure and digestion of waxy rice starch. Li H, Zhu Y, Jiao A, et al. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 55, 276-81, (2013)

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Speciation of organic phosphorus in a sediment profile of Lake Taihu. I: Chemical forms and their transformation. Xu D, Ding S, Li B, et al. J. Environ. Sci. (China) 25(4), 637-44, (2013)

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Biofilm regeneration on carriers in MBBR used for vitamin C wastewater treatment. Hu XB, Wang Zh, Xu K, et al. Water Sci. Technol. 67(6), 1310-6, (2013)

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Durability of esthetic improvement following Icon resin infiltration of multibracket-induced white spot lesions compared with no therapy over 6 months: a single-center, split-mouth, randomized clinical trial. Knösel M, Eckstein A, and Helms HJ Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. 144(1), 86-96, (2013)

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Effect of surface treatment on bond strength of Ti-10Ta-10Nb to low-fusing porcelain. Lee BA, Kim OS, Vang MS, et al. J. Prosthet. Dent. 109(2), 95-105, (2013)

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Influence of intraluminal acidification on esophageal secondary peristalsis in humans. Chen CL, Yi CH, and Liu TT Dig. Dis. Sci. 58(7), 1948-54, (2013)

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Degradation kinetics of atorvastatin under stress conditions and chemical analysis by HPLC. Oliveira MA, Yoshida MI, Belinelo VJ, et al. Molecules 18(2), 1447-56, (2013)

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Suicide by hydrogen sulfide inhalation. Bott E and Dodd M Am. J. Forensic Med. Pathol. 34(1), 23-5, (2013)

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Staphylococcal biofilm formation as affected by type acidulant. Nostro A, Cellini L, Ginestra G, et al. APMIS 122(7), 648-53, (2014)

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Separation of sodium chloride from the evaporated residue of the reverse osmosis reject generated in the leather industry--optimization by response surface methodology. Boopathy R and Sekaran G Environ. Technol. 35(13-16), 1858-65, (2014)

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[Fluid and electrolyte movements through the gastrointestinal membranes: hydrochloric acid formation and intestinal water transport]. Mertz DP Klin. Wochenschr. 45(2), 57-68, (1967)

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Some aspects of the problem of gastric hydrochloric acid secretion. Rehm WS Arch. Intern. Med. 129(2), 270-8, (1972)

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Merck 14,4794 / Merck 14,4780

Fieser 1,308 / Fieser 1,376 / Fieser 2,204 / Fieser 2,215 / Fieser 4,250 / Fieser 4,26 / Fieser 4,450 / Fieser 4,252 / Fieser 5,322 / Fieser 5,333 / Fieser 5,335 / Fieser 6,283 / Fieser 6,285 / Fieser 7,172 / Fieser 8,246 / Fieser 9,239

Corp MSDS 1 (1), 1897:A / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 1896:D / RegBook 1 (3), 3253:A / RegBook 1 (3), 3251:J / Sax 6, 1545 / Sax 6, 1549 / Vapor Phase 3, 81:A

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