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320145 Sigma-Aldrich

Ammonium hydroxide solution

ACS reagent, 28.0-30.0% NH3 basis

Synonym: Ammonia aqueous, Ammonia water

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Properties

Related Categories ACS Grade Acids & Bases, Acids & Bases, Analytical Reagents, Analytical Reagents for General Use, Analytical/Chromatography,
grade   ACS reagent
vapor density   1.2 (vs air)
vapor pressure   115 mmHg ( 20 °C)
assay   28.0-30.0% NH3 basis
expl. lim.   27 %
impurities   MnO4- reducers, passes test
  ≤0.002% CO2
ign. residue   ≤0.002%
density   0.9 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
anion traces   chloride (Cl-): ≤0.5 ppm
  nitrate (NO3-): ≤2 ppm
  phosphate (PO43-): ≤2 ppm
  sulfate (SO42-): ≤2 ppm
cation traces   Fe: ≤0.2 ppm
  heavy metals (as Pb): ≤0.5 ppm

Description

Packaging

2.5, 6×2.5 L in PVC coated

500, 6×500 mL in PVC coated

Price and Availability

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Hazard Codes (Europe) 
C,N
Risk Statements (Europe) 
Safety Statements (Europe) 
26-36/37/39-45-61
RIDADR 
UN 2672 8 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
2

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

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Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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Separation of polypeptides by isoelectric point focusing in electrospray-friendly solution using a multiple-junction capillary fractionator. Chingin K, Astorga-Wells J, Pirmoradian Najafabadi M, et al. Anal. Chem. 84(15), 6856-62, (2012)

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A systematic study of transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity in HeLa cells using iron oxide nanoparticles prepared with organic and inorganic bases. Calmon MF, de Souza AT, Candido NM, et al. Colloids Surf. B Biointerfaces 100, 177-84, (2012)

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Decellularized periodontal ligament cell sheets with recellularization potential. Farag A, Vaquette C, Theodoropoulos C, et al. J. Dent. Res. 93(12), 1313-9, (2014)

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Analysis of basic compounds by supercritical fluid chromatography: attempts to improve peak shape and maintain mass spectrometry compatibility. Grand-Guillaume Perrenoud A, Boccard J, Veuthey JL, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1262, 205-13, (2012)

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Modified mesoporous silica materials for on-line separation and preconcentration of hexavalent chromium using a microcolumn coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Wang Z, Fang DM, Li Q, et al. Anal. Chim. Acta 725, 81-6, (2012)

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The use of ammonium hydroxide as an additive in supercritical fluid chromatography for achiral and chiral separations and purifications of small, basic medicinal molecules. Hamman C, Schmidt DE, Wong M, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1218(43), 7886-94, (2011)

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Enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol yields of combined surfactant and dilute ammonia treated sugarcane bagasse. Cao S and Aita GM Bioresour. Technol. 131, 357-64, (2013)

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Pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse with NH4OH-H2O2 and ionic liquid for efficient hydrolysis and bioethanol production. Zhu Z, Zhu M, and Wu Z Bioresour. Technol. 119, 199-207, (2012)

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Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry for the characterization of prebiotic galactooligosaccharides. Hernández-Hernández O, Calvillo I, Lebrón-Aguilar R, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1220, 57-67, (2012)

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An ion-pair principle for enantioseparations of basic analytes by nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using the di-n-butyl L-tartrate-boric acid complex as chiral selector. Wang LJ, Liu XF, Lu QN, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1284, 188-93, (2013)

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Biological treatment of TMAH (tetra-methyl ammonium hydroxide) in a full-scale TFT-LCD wastewater treatment plant. Hu TH, Whang LM, Liu PW, et al. Bioresour. Technol. 113, 303-10, (2012)

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Effect of ionization modifiers on the simultaneous analysis of all classes of phospholipids by nanoflow liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry in negative ion mode. Bang DY, Lim S, and Moon MH J. Chromatogr. A 1240, 69-76, (2012)

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Visible light photo-oxidation of model pollutants using CaCu3Ti4O12: an experimental and theoretical study of optical properties, electronic structure, and selectivity. Joanna H. Clark et al J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 1016-32, (2010)

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Differential expressions of adhesive molecules and proteases define mechanisms of ovarian tumor cell matrix penetration/invasion. Youngjoo Kwon et al PLoS ONE 6, e18872, (2011)

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Rapid determination of thiamine, riboflavin, niacinamide, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid and ascorbic acid in Vitamins with Minerals Tablets by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector. Jin P, Xia L, Li Z, et al. J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 70, 151-7, (2012)

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Comparison of decellularization techniques for preparation of extracellular matrix scaffolds derived from three-dimensional cell culture. Lu H, Hoshiba T, Kawazoe N, et al. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. A 100(9), 2507-16, (2012)

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Effects of ammonium hydroxide on the structure and gas adsorption of nanosized Zr-MOFs (UiO-66). Abid HR, Ang HM, and Wang S Nanoscale 4(10), 3089-94, (2012)

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Peptide/protein separation with cationic polymer brush nanosponges for MALDI-MS analysis. Mitrovic B, Eastwood S, Wong V, et al. Langmuir 29(2), 696-700, (2013)

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Effect of electrolyte pH on CIEF with narrow pH range ampholytes. Páger C, Vargová A, Takácsi-Nagy A, et al. Electrophoresis 33(22), 3269-75, (2012)

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Effects of succinate and pH on cooked beef color. Ramanathan R, Mancini RA, Dady GA, et al. Meat Science 93(4), 888-92, (2013)

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Active control of nanolitre droplet contents with convective concentration gradients across permeable walls. Zeitoun RI, Goudie MJ, Zwier J, et al. Lab Chip 11(23), 4022-8, (2011)

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Strategy for pH control and pH feedback-controlled substrate feeding for high-level production of L-tryptophan by Escherichia coli. Cheng LK, Wang J, Xu QY, et al. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 29(5), 883-90, (2013)

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Mitigation of signal suppression caused by the use of trifluoroacetic acid in liquid chromatography mobile phases during liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis via post-column addition of ammonium hydroxide. Chan CC, Bolgar MS, Dalpathado D, et al. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 26(12), 1507-14, (2012)

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Enhancement of enzymatic hydrolysis and Klason lignin removal of corn stover using photocatalyst-assisted ammonia pretreatment. Yoo CG, Wang C, Yu C, et al. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 169(5), 1648-58, (2013)

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Analysis of 11-nor-Δ9 -tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid and its glucuronide in urine by capillary electrophoresis/mass spectrometry. Iwamuro Y, Iio-Ishimaru R, Chinaka S, et al. Biomed. Chromatogr. 26(11), 1452-6, (2012)

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Formation of benzoylecgonine isopropyl ester following solid-phase extraction. Juhascik M, Gleba J, and Jenkins A J. Anal. Toxicol. 36(2), 141-3, (2012)

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Fermentation of reactive-membrane-extracted and ammonium-hydroxide-conditioned dilute-acid-pretreated corn stover. Grzenia DL, Wickramasinghe SR, and Schell DJ Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 166(2), 470-8, (2012)

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Regeneration of insulin monomers from amyloid fibrils by a NH3/H2O2 two-step method. Liu R, Su R, Yu Y, et al. Biotechnol. Lett. 34(10), 1959-64, (2012)

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Merck 14,494

Fieser 5,15

Aldrich MSDS 1, 121:C / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 239:D / RegBook 1 (3), 3365:D / Sax 6, 263

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