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49779 Sigma-Aldrich

Glycerol

tested according to Ph.Eur., anhydrous

Synonym: 1,2,3-Propanetriol, Glycerin, Glycerolum

  • CAS Number 56-81-5

  • Linear Formula HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH

  • Molecular Weight 92.09

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 635685

  •  EC Number 200-289-5

  •  MDL number MFCD00004722

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329757525

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Properties

Related Categories Aliphatic Compounds, Biochemicals and Reagents, Carbohydrates, Carbohydrates A to Z, Carbohydrates G,
vapor density   3.1 (vs air)
vapor pressure   <1 mmHg ( 20 °C)
InChI Key   PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
autoignition temp.   698 °F
pharmacopeia   testing conforms to Pharmacopeia
refractive index   n20/D 1.474(lit.)
bp   182 °C/20 mmHg(lit.)
mp   20 °C(lit.)
density   1.25 g/mL(lit.)

Description

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions are available for this Product.

Application

Glycerol is used both in sample preparation and gel formation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycerol (5-10%) increases the density of a sample so that the sample will layer at the bottom of a gel’s sample well. Glycerol is also used to aid in casting gradient gels and as a protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.

Glycerol has been used as
• a supplement during cell culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
• a fuel during designing enzymatic biofuel cell.
• a liquid composite matrix with 4-HCCA and 3-amino­quinoline for analysis of neutral and acidic glycans.
• a matrix for fast atom bombardment MS.
• may be employed as liquid matrix for the quantification studies by MALDI (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry) analysis.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol is hygroscopic in nature and is soluble in water owing to its three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It can form both inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds, making it a very flexible molecule. The physiologic effect of glycerine is due to cell-mediated immunity, increased IgG production and increased histamine release.

General description

Glycerol is odourless, colorless, viscous in nature, and exists as a sweet tasting liquid. It can be derived naturally as well as from petrochemical feedstock. Glycerol has a wide variety of applications, and is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical substances in nature. It can be used as an emollient, solvent, sweetening agent, in pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, foodstuffs and toiletries. It is very stable and can be easily stored under normal temperature; also it is non-irritating and has no adverse impact to the environment.

Price and Availability


Laboratory Gloves

All labs need water
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
MA8050000
Flash Point(F) 
320 °F
Flash Point(C) 
160 °C

Frequently Asked Questions

Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis. These documents are located on the product detail page under Useful Links & Tools. Click on the following link to search for a Certificate of Analysis. Please click the following link to see the details on our Product Dating Information.
How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?
A Certificate of Analysis is available by lot number and can be obtained through our Advanced Search Option: http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/AdvancedSearchPage.do
How do I find price and availability?
There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products.  Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers. 
What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?
Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS. To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product, or search here. 
My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?
Use the option to the right to "Ask a Question" by email of a Technical Service Scientist.
What is the viscosity of glycerol?
The viscosity of glycerol is 648 Centistokes at 20 Deg C (68 Deg F).
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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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