Synonym: Ethyl alcohol
|Related Categories||Amber Glass Bottles, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology, Core Bioreagents, DNA & RNA Purification,|
|grade||for molecular biology|
|vapor density||1.59 (vs air)|
|vapor pressure||44.6 mmHg ( 20 °C)|
|autoignition temp.||683 °F|
|expl. lim.||19 %, 60 °F|
|concentration||200 proof (absolute)|
|density||0.789 g/mL at 20 °C|
|0.789 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)|
|Gene Information||human ... GABRA1(2554), GLRA1(2741), GLRA2(2742)|
Live Chat and Frequently Asked Questions are available for this Product.
Suitable for use in the precipitation of nucleic acids
Positive allosteric modulator of GABAA receptors, and negative allosteric modulator of NMDA glutamate receptors.
Prices include Federal Tax.
Sales restrictions may apply
4×4 L in glass bottle
500, 6×500 mL in glass bottle
1Distribution and use of ethyl alcohol in Switzerland require a license from the Swiss Federal Alcohol Administration
Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
|Personal Protective Equipment||Eyeshields, Faceshields, full-face respirator (US), Gloves, multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US), type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter|
|Hazard Codes (Europe)||F|
|Risk Statements (Europe)||11|
|Safety Statements (Europe)||7-16|
|RIDADR||UN 1170 3 / PGII|
|Flash Point(F)||57.2 °F|
|Flash Point(C)||14 °C|
The amino acid glycine is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate CNS. Glycinergic synapses are particularly abundant in spinal cord and brain stem, but are also found in higher brain r...
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Animal tissue is a common source of material when performing genetic analysis. The protocol below is a simple method of extracting DNA from the animal sample. Once the DNA has been isolated, it can t...
Blood cards provide the convenience of archiving small volumes of blood. However, many times genomic DNA from these samples is limited, which may hinder the researcher’s ability to perform downstream...
This protocol provides a simple and convenient method to isolate, amplify, and purify genomic DNA from buccal swabs. Buccal swabs are a convenient method of acquiring a DNA sample. Once the DNA is is...
Product Description Storage/Stability Workflow Preparation Instructions Procedure Analysis Troubleshooting Guide Frequently Asked Questions Materials References Poster & Application Note
For experienced users, an abbreviated protocol is listed below. For data, images, troubleshooting and other information, please see the full length protocol page.
Whole blood is a common source of material used to perform genetic analysis. Many times genomic DNA isolated from whole blood samples is of low yield. This can hinder the researcher’s ability to perf...
Archived Formalin-fixed, Paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples are invaluable resources for profiling gene expression and studying a variety of diseases. Since the archived DNA is usually available...
The starting materials are lysed at room temperature in a lysis buffer which contains chaotropic salts in the presence of Proteinase K. The addition of ethanol ensures the appropriate conditions to b...
The starting material is lysed by incubation in a solution containing SDS and Proteinase K. Once lysis is complete, chaotropic salts are then added to further promote solubilization of macromolecules...
Sigma's GenElute™ Bacterial Genomic DNA Kit provides a simple and convenient way to isolate pure DNA from a variety of cultured bacteria. The kit contains all of the reagents needed to isolate and pu...
Keywords: Amplification, Anticoagulants, Catalog, Cell disruption, Centrifugation, Degradations, Digestions, Evaporation, Help, Instructions, Molecular biology, Nucleic acid denaturation, Phase transitions, Polymerase chain reaction, Precipitation, Type
Sigma’s GenElute Mammalian Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit provides a simple and convenient way to isolate pure genomic DNA from a variety of cultured cells, tissues (including rodent tails), and fresh whol...
Several micrograms of DNA can be obtained from up to 100 mg of fresh tissue or 10 mg of freeze-dried material in less than an hour. The purified DNA is greater than 20 kb in length and can be used in...
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Sigma’s GenElute™ Blood Genomic DNA Kit provides a simple and convenient way to isolate pure genomic DNA from fresh or aged (older than 24 hours) whole blood. The kit combines the advantages of silic...
Keywords: AGE, Addition reactions, Amplification, Anticoagulants, Catalog, Cell disruption, Centrifugation, Digestions, Electrophoresis, Evaporation, Gel electrophoresis, Help, Instructions, Molecular biology, Nucleic acid denaturation, Phase transitions, Polymerase chain reaction, Precipitation, Purification, Sequencing
Technology Overview Workflow Background Protocols miRNA isolation cDNA synthesis miRNA qPCR Advanced information Product selection guides Troubleshooting
Keywords: AGE, Amplification, Buffers, Cell disruption, Centrifugation, Degradations, Diagnostic, Digestions, Diseases, Electrophoresis, Gel electrophoresis, Gene expression, Homogenization, Microarray Analysis, Molecular biology, Nucleic acid annealing, Nucleic acid denaturation, Polymerase chain reaction, Polymerase chain reaction - quantitative, Precipitation, Purification, RNA purification, Sample preparations, Separation, Solvents, Titrations
Extracting DNA from plant tissue is a complicated process due to the tough cell wall that surrounds most plant cells. Genomic DNA from plant material can be damaged during the extraction process, res...
Whole genome amplification (WGA) of plasma and serum DNA presents a unique challenge due to the small amount of nucleic acid in such samples. One must use a robust DNA purification scheme capable of ...
Whole Genome Amplification can be performed on DNA extracted in many ways. Sigma-Aldrich offers many products for DNA extraction including the GenElute™ Blood Genomic DNA Kit (NA2010), GenElute Mamma...
Regulation of eumelanin/pheomelanin synthesis and visible pigmentation in melanocytes by ligands of the melanocortin 1 receptor. Le Pape E, Wakamatsu K, Ito S, et al. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 21(4), 477-86, (2008)
Gastroprotective effect of an ethanolic extract from Neoglaziovia variegata (Arruda) Mez (Bromeliaceae) in rats and mice. Machado FD, Silva FV, Fernandes HB, et al. Z. Naturforsch. C 68(3-4), 97-107, (2013)
A novel brain penetrant NPS receptor antagonist, NCGC00185684, blocks alcohol-induced ERK-phosphorylation in the central amygdala and decreases operant alcohol self-administration in rats. Thorsell A, Tapocik JD, Liu K, et al. J. Neurosci. 33(24), 10132-42, (2013)
Comparative polygenic analysis of maximal ethanol accumulation capacity and tolerance to high ethanol levels of cell proliferation in yeast. Pais TM, Foulquié-Moreno MR, Hubmann G, et al. PLoS Genet. 9(6), e1003548, (2013)
A co-beneficial system using aquatic plants: bioethanol production from free-floating aquatic plants used for water purification. Soda S, Mishima D, Inoue D, et al. Water Sci. Technol. 67(11), 2637-44, (2013)
The effect of polaprezinc on gastric mucosal protection in rats with ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage: comparison study with rebamipide. Choi HS, Lim JY, Chun HJ, et al. Life Sci. 93(2-3), 69-77, (2013)
Percutaneous treatment of a sacral metastasis with combined embolization, cryoablation, alcohol ablation and sacroplasty for local tumor and pain control. Lee JH, Stein M, and Roychowdhury S Interv. Neuroradiol. 19(2), 250-3, (2013)
The effect of the radio-protective agents ethanol, trimethylglycine, and beer on survival of X-ray-sterilized male Aedes aegypti. Rodriguez SD, Brar RK, Drake LL, et al. Parasit. Vectors 6, 211, (2013)
Accumulation of trimethylamine and trimethylamine-N-oxide in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing haemodialysis. Bain MA, Faull R, Fornasini G, et al. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 21(5), 1300-4, (2006)
Plasma free amino acids and their metabolites in Taiwanese patients on hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Chuang CK, Lin SP, Chen HH, et al. Clin. Chim. Acta 364(1-2), 209-16, (2006)
Serum concentrations of asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric (SDMA) dimethylarginine in patients with chronic kidney diseases. Fleck C, Schweitzer F, Karge E, et al. Clin. Chim. Acta 336(1-2), 1-12, (2003)
Relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and plasma neuroactive steroids in alcoholism, depression and controls. Nieminen LR, Makino KK, Mehta N, et al. Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids 75(4-5), 309-14, (2006)
Extractionless method for the simultaneous high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of urinary caffeine metabolites for N-acetyltransferase 2, cytochrome P450 1A2 and xanthine oxidase activity assessment. Nyéki A, Biollaz J, Kesselring UW, et al. J. Chromatogr. B. Biomed. Sci. Appl. 755(1-2), 73-84, (2001)
Ethanol, Zn2+ and insulin interact as progression factors to enhance DNA synthesis synergistically in the presence of Ca2+ and other cell cycle initiators in fibroblasts. Huang JS, She QB, Crilly KS, et al. Biochem. J. 346 Pt 1, 241-7, (2000)
Serum 7 alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one and selenohomocholyltaurine (SeHCAT) whole body retention in the assessment of bile acid induced diarrhoea. Brydon WG, Nyhlin H, Eastwood MA, et al. Eur. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 8(2), 117-23, (1996)
Tissue distribution of cocaine methyl esterase and ethyl transferase activities: correlation with carboxylesterase protein. Dean RA, Zhang J, Brzezinski MR, et al. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 275(2), 965-71, (1995)
Is using ethanol-glycine irrigating fluid monitoring and 'good surgical practice' enough to prevent harmful absorption during transurethral resection of the prostate? Collins JW, Macdermott S, Bradbrook RA, et al. BJU Int. 97(6), 1247-51, (2006)
Changes in astrocyte shape induced by sublytic concentrations of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin pneumolysin still require pore-forming capacity. Förtsch C, Hupp S, Ma J, et al. Toxins (Basel.) 3(1), 43-62, (2011)
Phototocatalytic lithography of poly(propylene sulfide) block copolymers: toward high-throughput nanolithography for biomolecular arraying applications. Jane P. Bearinger et al Langmuir 25, 1238-44, (2009)
Peroral amphotericin B polymer nanoparticles lead to comparable or superior in vivo antifungal activity to that of intravenous Ambisome® or Fungizone Jagdishbhai L. Italia et al PLoS ONE 6, e25744, (2011)
Optimal antimicrobial catheter lock solution, using different combinations of minocycline, EDTA, and 25-percent ethanol, rapidly eradicates organisms embedded in biofilm. Issam Raad et al Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 51, 78-83, (2007)
Air to lung partition coefficients for volatile organic compounds and blood to lung partition coefficients for volatile organic compounds and drugs. Michael H Abraham et al Eur. J. Med. Chem. 43, 478-85, (2008)
Lead identification of conformationally restricted ?-lactam type combretastatin analogues: synthesis, antiproliferative activity and tubulin targeting effects. Miriam Carr et al Eur. J. Med. Chem. 45, 5752-66, (2010)
Polyphosphates and pyrophosphates of hexopyranoses as allosteric effectors of human hemoglobin: synthesis, molecular recognition, and effect on oxygen release. Fylaktakidou KC, et al. ChemMedChem 6(1), 153-68, (2011)
Aldrich MSDS 1, 877:A / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 1568:A / FT-IR 2 (1), 160:C / FT-IR 1 (1), 109:C / FT-NMR 1 (1), 163:B / IR-Spectra (3), 66:B / NMR-Reference 2 (1), 101:B / RegBook 1 (1), 121:C / Sax 6, 1316 / Structure Index 1, 14:C:1 / Vapor Phase 3, 155:C
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|Z350370||Carestream® Kodak® BioMax® MR film, size 8 in. (20 cm) × 10 in. (25 cm)|
|59304||2-Propanol, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (GC)|
|C2432||Chloroform, contains 100-200 ppm amylenes as stabilizer, ≥99.5%|
|I9516||2-Propanol, BioReagent, for molecular biology, ≥99.5%|
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