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K4000 Sigma-Aldrich

Kanamycin sulfate from Streptomyces kanamyceticus

Animal Component-free

Synonym: Kanamycin A, Kanamycin sulfate salt

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Properties

Related Categories A - K, Aminoglycosides, Antibacterial, Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z,
Quality Level   PREMIUM
biological source   from Streptomyces kanamyceticus
InChI Key   OOYGSFOGFJDDHP-KMCOLRRFSA-N
potency   ≥750 μg per mg (dry basis)
impurities   ≤5% Kanamycin B
color   white to off-white
solubility   H2O: soluble50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow
Mode of action   protein synthesis | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-negative bacteria
  Gram-positive bacteria
  mycoplasma

Description

Application

Kanamycin sulfate is a broad spectrum aminoglycoside-antibiotic derived from Streptomyces kanamyceticus. It is used as an additive in culture media for the isolation of group D streptococci on Kanamycin Esculin Azide Agar and for selection of transformed plant cells containing the neomycin phosphotransferase on a kanamycin-medium. Kanamycin sulfate can also be used as a selection agent for cells transformed with kanamycin B resistance gene. It is recommended for use in cell culture applications at 100 μg/mL.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: The product acts by binding to the 70S ribosomal subunit, inhibiting translocation and eliciting miscoding.

Mode of Resistance:Aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (including acetyltransferase, phosphotransferase, nucleotidyltransferase) can alter this antibiotic, preventing its interaction with ribosomes.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Kanamycin sulfate is effective against gram-negative and gram-postiive bacteria, and mycoplasma.

Caution

Solutions are stable at 37°C for approximately 5 days. Aqueous stock solutions can be stored at 2-8°C for long term storage.

Packaging

1, 5, 25, 50 g in poly bottle

Preparation Note

Kanamycin sulfate is soluble in water at 50 mg/mL, yielding a clear solution. It is practically insoluble in alcohol, acetone, chloroform, ether and ethyl acetate. A 1% solution in water has a pH of 6.5 to 8.5. Sterile solutions can be prepared by a sterile filtration, through a .2μm filter.

Price and Availability

Suggested Laboratory Gloves


Laboratory GlovesThis substance has been tested against several types of hand protection for CE compliance. Click below to find the recommended gloves for handling this product.



Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
NZ3225030

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Aminoglycoside Analysis in Pork Muscle using Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Cleanup and LC/MS/MS Detection

Aminoglycosides are a well-known class of antibiotics that are routinely monitored in animal-derived foods. Many countries have instituted regulatory limits for aminoglycosides. There is growing conc...
Emily Barrey, Olga Shimelis, K. G. Espenschied
Reporter US, Volume 32.2
Keywords: Antibiotics, High performance liquid chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Separation, Size-exclusion chromatography, Solid phase extractions

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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