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49781 Sigma

Glycerol solution

86-89% (T)

Synonym: 1,2,3-Propanetriol

  • CAS Number 56-81-5

  • Linear Formula HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH · aq

  • Molecular Weight 92.09 (anhydrous basis)

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 635685

  •  EC Number 200-289-5

  •  MDL number MFCD00004722

  •  PubChem Substance ID 57651222

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Properties

Related Categories Biochemicals and Reagents, Biostabilization Agents, Carbohydrates, Core Bioreagents, Monosaccharide,
InChI Key   PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   86-89% (T)
impurities   11-14% water
ign. residue   ≤0.01% (as SO4)
bp   182 °C/20 mmHg(lit.)
density   1.252 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Description

Other Notes

Substrate for the assay of glycerokinase; glycerol dehydratase; glycerol oxidase

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol has been used as
• a supplement during cell culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
• a fuel during designing enzymatic biofuel cell.
• a liquid composite matrix with 4-HCCA and 3-amino­quinoline for analysis of neutral and acidic glycans.
• a matrix for fast atom bombardment MS.
• may be employed as liquid matrix for the quantification studies by MALDI (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry) analysis.

Glycerol is hygroscopic in nature and is soluble in water owing to its three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It can form both inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds, making it a very flexible molecule. The physiologic effect of glycerine is due to cell-mediated immunity, increased IgG production and increased histamine release.

General description

Glycerol is odourless, colorless, viscous in nature, and exists as a sweet tasting liquid. It can be derived naturally as well as from petrochemical feedstock. Glycerol has a wide variety of applications, and is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical substances in nature. It can be used as an emollient, solvent, sweetening agent, in pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, foodstuffs and toiletries. It is very stable and can be easily stored under normal temperature; also it is non-irritating and has no adverse impact to the environment.

Price and Availability

Suggested Laboratory Gloves


Laboratory GlovesThis substance has been tested against several types of hand protection for CE compliance. Click below to find the recommended gloves for handling this product.



Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
MA8050000
Flash Point(F) 
320 °F
Flash Point(C) 
160 °C
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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