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71539 Sigma

Sodium formate

BioUltra, ≥99.0% (NT)

Synonym: Formic acid sodium salt

  • CAS Number 141-53-7

  • Linear Formula HCOONa

  • Molecular Weight 68.01

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 3595134

  •  EC Number 205-488-0

  •  MDL number MFCD00013101

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24886222

  •  eCl@ss 39021901

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Properties

Related Categories Molecular Biology, Optimization Reagents, Protein Structural Analysis, Proteomics, X-Ray Crystallography More...
product line   BioUltra
assay   ≥99.0% (NT)
impurities   insoluble matter, passes filter test
pH   7.0-8.5 (25 °C, 1 M in H2O)
mp   259-262 °C(lit.)
solubility   H2O: soluble1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
anion traces   chloride (Cl-): ≤50 mg/kg
  sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg
cation traces   Al: ≤5 mg/kg
  As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
  Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
  Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
  Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
  Co: ≤5 mg/kg
  Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
  Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
  Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
  K: ≤100 mg/kg
  Li: ≤5 mg/kg
  Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
  Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
  Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
  Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
  Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
  Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
  Zn: ≤5 mg/kg
λ   1 M in H2O
UV absorption   λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.02
  λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01

Description

Other Notes

Purification and assay of formate dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.1.43) from Cl. thermoaceticum1; Solvent component in the chromatographic separation of nucleotides on polyethyleneimine-cellulose layers2,3; As gradient material in zonal centrifugation4

Price and Availability

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
LR0350000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Determination of Water Content in Sodium formate Using Karl Fischer Titration

Sodium formate only dissolves very slowly and incompletely in the alcoholic media of the KF titration. The water content determined is always rather too low. Due to the poor dissolution of the substa...
Keywords: Titrations

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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1. Formate dehydrogenase, a selenium--tungsten enzyme from Clostridium thermoaceticum. L.G. Ljungdahl, J.R. Andreesen Meth. Enzymol. 53, 360, (1978)

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2. Assays for cytokines using aptamers. E. Böhme, G. Schultz Meth. Enzymol. 38, 32, (1974)

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3. Nucleoside diphosphokinase from Salmonella typhimurium. J.L. Ingraham, C.L. Ginther Meth. Enzymol. 51, 371, (1978)

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4. G.B. Cline, R.B. Ryel Meth. Enzymol. 22, 168, (1971)

Acidification due to microbial dechlorination near a trichloroethene DNAPL is overcome with pH buffer or formate as electron donor: experimental demonstration in diffusion-cells. Philips J, Maes N, Springael D, et al. J. Contam. Hydrol. 147, 25-33, (2013)

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Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Interaction of isozymes I, II, IV, V, and IX with carboxylates. Alessio Innocenti et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 15, 573-8, (2005)

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Monoclonal antibodies selective for α-synuclein oligomers/protofibrils recognize brain pathology in Lewy body disorders and α-synuclein transgenic mice with the disease-causing A30P mutation. Fagerqvist T, Lindström V, Nordström E, et al. J. Neurochem. 126(1), 131-44, (2013)

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Density functional theory study on the adsorption and decomposition of the formic acid catalyzed by highly active mushroom-like Au@Pd@Pt tri-metallic nanoparticles. Duan S, Ji YF, Fang PP, et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(13), 4625-33, (2013)

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Changes in pH and organic acids in mucilage of Eriophorum angustifolium roots after exposure to elevated concentrations of toxic elements. Javed MT, Stoltz E, Lindberg S, et al. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 20(3), 1876-80, (2013)

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Bio-inspired catalytic imine reduction by rhodium complexes with tethered Hantzsch pyridinium groups: evidence for direct hydride transfer from dihydropyridine to metal-activated substrate. McSkimming A, Bhadbhade MM, and Colbran SB Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(12), 3411-6, (2013)

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Direct and reversible hydrogenation of CO2 to formate by a bacterial carbon dioxide reductase. Schuchmann K and Müller V Science 342(6164), 1382-5, (2013)

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An efficient CoAuPd/C catalyst for hydrogen generation from formic acid at room temperature. Wang ZL, Yan JM, Ping Y, et al. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(16), 4406-9, (2013)

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Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Inhibition of the beta-class enzymes from the fungal pathogens Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans with aliphatic and aromatic carboxylates. Alessio Innocenti et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. 17, 2654-7, (2009)

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Deletion of Mthfd1l causes embryonic lethality and neural tube and craniofacial defects in mice. Momb J, Lewandowski JP, Bryant JD, et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 110(2), 549-54, (2013)

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Immunohistochemical characterization of novel monoclonal antibodies against the N-terminus of amyloid β-peptide. Verwey NA, Hoozemans JJ, Korth C, et al. Amyloid 20(3), 179-87, (2013)

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H2-independent growth of the hydrogenotrophic methanogen Methanococcus maripaludis. Costa KC, Lie TJ, Jacobs MA, et al. MBio 4(2), doi:10.1128/mBio.00062-13, (2013)

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Acid-catalyzed hydrothermal severity on the fractionation of agricultural residues for xylose-rich hydrolyzates. Lee JY, Ryu HJ, and Oh KK Bioresour. Technol. 132, 84-90, (2013)

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Determination of buprenorphine, fentanyl and LSD in whole blood by UPLC-MS-MS. Berg T, Jørgenrud B, and Strand DH J. Anal. Toxicol. 37(3), 159-65, (2013)

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Deoxy-liquefaction of switchgrass in supercritical water with calcium formate as an in-situ hydrogen donor. Ramsurn H and Gupta RB Bioresour. Technol. 143, 575-83, (2013)

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Direct analysis of formate in human plasma, serum and whole blood by in-line coupling of microdialysis to capillary electrophoresis for rapid diagnosis of methanol poisoning. Kubáň P and Boček P Anal. Chim. Acta 768, 82-9, (2013)

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Sodium phenylbutyrate enhances astrocytic neurotrophin synthesis via protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated activation of cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB): implications for Alzheimer disease therapy. Corbett GT, Roy A, and Pahan K J. Biol. Chem. 288(12), 8299-312, (2013)

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Photocatalytic reduction of nitrate using titanium dioxide for regeneration of ion exchange brine. Yang T, Doudrick K, and Westerhoff P Water Res. 47(3), 1299-307, (2013)

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Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Inhibition of the ß-class enzymes from the fungal pathogens Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans with branched aliphatic/aromatic carboxylates and their derivatives. Fabrizio Carta et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 21, 2521-6, (2011)

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Capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductometric detection for rapid screening of formate in blood serum after methanol intoxication. Kubáň P, Foret F, and Bocek R J. Chromatogr. A 1281, 142-7, (2013)

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The Fantastic Four: A plug 'n' play set of optimal control pulses for enhancing NMR spectroscopy. Nimbalkar M, Luy B, Skinner TE, et al. J. Magn. Reson. 228, 16-31, (2013)

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Mechanistic insights into iron catalyzed dehydrogenation of formic acid: β-hydride elimination vs. direct hydride transfer. Yang X Dalton Trans. 42(33), 11987-91, (2013)

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Coordination of FocA and pyruvate formate-lyase synthesis in Escherichia coli demonstrates preferential translocation of formate over other mixed-acid fermentation products. Beyer L, Doberenz C, Falke D, et al. J. Bacteriol. 195(7), 1428-35, (2013)

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Poly-3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene nanoclusters for high effective solid phase extraction. Tian T, Zheng S, Ye B, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1275, 17-24, (2013)

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Production of hybrid diesel fuel precursors from carbohydrates and petrochemicals using formic acid as a reactive solvent. Zhou X and Rauchfuss TB ChemSusChem 6(2), 383-8, (2013)

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Determination of phenylephrine in human plasma using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Feng S, Zhao Q, Jiang J, et al. J. Chromatogr. B. Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci. 915-916, 28-32, (2013)

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Effects of H2 and formate on growth yield and regulation of methanogenesis in Methanococcus maripaludis. Costa KC, Yoon SH, Pan M, et al. J. Bacteriol. 195(7), 1456-62, (2013)

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Clostridium acidurici electron-bifurcating formate dehydrogenase. Wang S, Huang H, Kahnt J, et al. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 79(19), 6176-9, (2013)

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Chemical shift powder spectra enhanced by multiple-contact cross-polarization under slow magic-angle spinning. Raya J, Perrone B, and Hirschinger J J. Magn. Reson. 227, 93-102, (2013)

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Four products from Escherichia coli pseudogenes increase hydrogen production. Mohd Yusoff MZ, Hashiguchi Y, Maeda T, et al. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 439(4), 576-9, (2013)

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Bionanowhiskers from jute: preparation and characterization. Kasyapi N, Chaudhary V, and Bhowmick AK Carbohydr. Polym. 92(2), 1116-23, (2013)

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VhuD facilitates electron flow from H2 or formate to heterodisulfide reductase in Methanococcus maripaludis. Costa KC, Lie TJ, Xia Q, et al. J. Bacteriol. 195(22), 5160-5, (2013)

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Improvement of ethanol productivity and energy efficiency by degradation of inhibitors using recombinant Zymomonas mobilis (pHW20a-fdh). Dong HW, Fan LQ, Luo Z, et al. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 110(9), 2395-404, (2013)

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Effects of dietary supplementation with two potassium formate sources on performance of 8- to 22-kg pigs. Htoo JK and Molares J J. Anim. Sci. 90 Suppl 4, 346-9, (2012)

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Effects of formic acid and phytase supplementation on digestibility and use of phosphorus and zinc in growing pigs. Blank R, Naatjes M, Baum C, et al. J. Anim. Sci. 90 Suppl 4, 212-4, (2012)

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Determination of organochlorines, polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in human hair: estimation of external and internal exposure. Lu D, Feng C, Lin Y, et al. Chemosphere 114, 327-36, (2014)

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Trichloroethylene and trichloroethanol-induced formic aciduria and renal injury in male F-344 rats following 12 weeks exposure. Yaqoob N, Evans A, Foster JR, et al. Toxicology 323, 70-7, (2014)

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Impact of thermal and organic acid treatment of feed on apparent ileal mineral absorption, tibial and liver mineral concentration, and tibia quality in broilers. Hafeez A, Mader A, Boroojeni FG, et al. Poult. Sci. 93(7), 1754-63, (2014)

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Thermodesulfobacterium geofontis sp. nov., a hyperthermophilic, sulfate-reducing bacterium isolated from Obsidian Pool, Yellowstone National Park. Hamilton-Brehm SD, Gibson RA, Green SJ, et al. Extremophiles 17(2), 251-63, (2013)

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Random mutagenesis identifies factors involved in formate-dependent growth of the methanogenic archaeon Methanococcus maripaludis. Sattler C, Wolf S, Fersch J, et al. Mol. Genet. Genomics 288(9), 413-24, (2013)

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New sulfate-reducing bacteria isolated from Buryatian alkaline brackish lakes: description of Desulfonatronum buryatense sp. nov. Ryzhmanova Y, Nepomnyashchaya Y, Abashina T, et al. Extremophiles 17(5), 851-9, (2013)

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Use of multi-parameter flow cytometry as tool to monitor the impact of formic acid on Saccharomyces carlsbergensis batch ethanol fermentations. Freitas C, Neves E, Reis A, et al. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 169(7), 2038-48, (2013)

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High-level secretory expression of metchnikowin in Escherichia coli. Wu D, Lu Y, Huang H, et al. Protein Expr. Purif. 91(1), 49-53, (2013)

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Effect of acidic condition on the metabolic regulation of Escherichia coli and its phoB mutant. Marzan LW, Hasan CM, and Shimizu K Arch. Microbiol. 195(3), 161-71, (2013)

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Microbiology. An enzymatic route to H2 storage. Pereira IA Science 342(6164), 1329-30, (2013)

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Merck 14,8621

Beil. 2,IV,3

Fieser 8,458

Aldrich MSDS 1, 979:D / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 1736:C / FT-IR 1 (1), 545:B / FT-IR 2 (1), 848:A / IR-Spectra (3), 324:A / IR-Spectra (2), 292:A / RegBook 1 (1), 601:A / Sax 6, 2432 / Sigma FT-IR 1 (2), 1024:B / Structure Index 1, 86:A:1

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