Vitamin A alcohol,
|Related Categories||Biochemicals and Reagents, Carotenoid, Cell Biology, Isoprenoids, Lipids,|
|shelf life||(limited shelf life)|
|shipped in||dry ice|
Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.
1 U corresponds to 1 international U acc. to Ph Eur II, 217 (1983)
Retinal, retinol and retinoic acid are the aldehyde, alcohol and acid forms of vitamin A. The retinoids exist as many geometric isomers due to the unsaturated bonds in the aliphatic chain.
Retinol is biological active in a wide range of processes.
Certificate of Analysis
Benefit from MRT & Flow Chemistry: 70% improvement in yield by protecting the extremely sensitive product.
Aldrich ChemFiles 2009, 9.4, 10.
Keywords: Continuous flow chemistry, Degradations, Microreactor technology
All-trans retinoic acid (RA, ATRA) is a pleiotropic activation factor that regulates genes associated with normal vertebrate cellular processes such as cell differentiation, cell proliferation, apopt...
BioFiles 2008, 3.9, 12.
Keywords: Apoptosis, Cancer, Cell proliferation, Cellular processes, Chromatin immunoprecipitation, Condensations, Degradations, Diseases, Gene expression, Hormones, Immunoprecipitation, Ligands, Metabolism, Oxidations, Phosphorylations, Polymerase chain reaction, Teratogens, Transcription, Ubiquitinations, Vitamins
Retinal pigment epithelium-retinal G protein receptor-opsin mediates light-dependent translocation of all-trans-retinyl esters for synthesis of visual chromophore in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Radu, R.A., et al. J. Bacteriol. 283, 19730-8, (2008)
High-provitamin A carotenoid (Orange) maize increases hepatic vitamin A reserves of offspring in a vitamin A-depleted sow-piglet model during lactation. Heying EK, Grahn M, Pixley KV, et al. J. Nutr. 143(7), 1141-6, (2013)
Race-ethnicity is a strong correlate of circulating fat-soluble nutrient concentrations in a representative sample of the U.S. population. Schleicher RL, Sternberg MR, and Pfeiffer CM J. Nutr. 143(6), 966S-76S, (2013)
VARA attenuates hyperoxia-induced impaired alveolar development and lung function in newborn mice. James ML, Ross AC, Nicola T, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol. 304(11), L803-12, (2013)
Pharmacological inhibition to examine the role of DGAT1 in dietary lipid absorption in rodents and humans. Maciejewski BS, LaPerle JL, Chen D, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 304(11), G958-69, (2013)
Effects of egg and vitamin A supplementation on hemoglobin, retinol status and physical growth levels of primary and middle school students in Chongqing, China. Cao J, Wei X, Tang X, et al. Asia Pac. J. Clin. Nutr. 22(2), 214-21, (2013)
Assessing the validity of a self-administered food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in the adult population of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Liu L, Wang PP, Roebothan B, et al. Nutr. J. 12, 49, (2013)
Circulating concentrations of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and its de-esterified phthalic acid products following plasticizer exposure in patients receiving hemodialysis. Pollack GM, Buchanan JF, Slaughter RL, et al. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 79(2), 257-67, (1985)
Rapid, simple enzymatic assay of free L-fucose in serum and urine, and its use as a marker for cancer, cirrhosis, and gastric ulcers. Sakai T, Yamamoto K, Yokota H, et al. Clin. Chem. 36(3), 474-6, (1990)
Simultaneous analysis of retinol, beta-carotene and tocopherol levels in serum of Vietnamese populations with different incomes. Kieu NT, Yurie K, Hung NT, et al. Asia Pac. J. Clin. Nutr. 11(2), 92-7, (2002)
Extra-hepatic vitamin A concentrations in captive Rhesus (Macaca mulatta) and Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) monkeys fed excess vitamin A. Mills JP, Penniston KL, and Tanumihardjo SA Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res. 75(2), 126-32, (2005)
Dietary vitamin A intakes of Filipino elders with adequate or low liver vitamin A concentrations as assessed by the deuterated-retinol-dilution method: implications for dietary requirements. Ribaya-Mercado JD, Solon FS, Fermin LS, et al. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 79(4), 633-41, (2004)
Use of the deuterated-retinol-dilution technique to monitor the vitamin A status of Nicaraguan schoolchildren 1 y after initiation of the Nicaraguan national program of sugar fortification with vitamin A. Ribaya-Mercado JD, Solomons NW, Medrano Y, et al. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 80(5), 1291-8, (2004)
Impact of 'Mad Cow Disease' publicity on trends in meat and total vitamin A consumption in Geneva between 1993 and 2000. Sorenson AW, Delhumeau C, Bernstein MS, et al. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 57(1), 177-85, (2003)
Beil. 6,III,2787 / Beil. 6,IV,4133
Aldrich MSDS 1, 1587:D / Corp MSDS 1 (2), 3045:C / FT-IR 2 (1), 246:B / FT-IR 1 (1), 149:C / FT-NMR 1 (1), 262:C / IR-Spectra (3), 91:A / NMR-Reference 2 (1), 163:D / RegBook 1 (1), 171:O / Sax 6, 2364 / Sigma FT-IR 1 (2), 882:A / Structure Index 1, 22:B:7
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