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A2056 Sigma

Acetyl coenzyme A sodium salt

≥93% (HPLC), powder

Synonym: Acetyl CoA, Acetyl-S- CoA

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Description

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions are available for this Product.

Application

An essential cofactor in enzymatic acetyl transfer reactions.

Acetyl-CoA is an essential cofactor and carrier of acyl groups in enzymatic acetyl transfer reactions. It is formed either by the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate in mitochondria, by the oxidation of long-chain fatty acids, or by the oxidative degradation of certain amino acids. Acetyl-CoA is the starting compound for the citric acid cycle (Kreb′s cycle). It is also a key precursor in lipid biosynthesis, and the source of all fatty acid carbons. Acetyl-CoA positively regulates the activity pyruvate carboxylase. It is a precursor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Histone acetylases (HAT) use Acetyl-CoA as the donor for the acetyl group use in the post-translational acetylation reactions of histone and non-histone proteins.

Other Notes

For more more technical information and a complete list of Coenzyme A deriviatives visit the Acyl Transfer Reagents Resource.

Packaging

1, 5, 10 mg in glass bottle

25, 100 mg in poly bottle

Preparation Note

Prepared enzymatically

Biochem/physiol Actions

Acetyl-CoA is an essential cofactor and carrier of acyl groups in enzymatic acetyl transfer reactions. It is formed either by the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate in mitochondria, by the oxidation of long-chain fatty acids, or by the oxidative degradation of certain amino acids. Acetyl-CoA is the starting compound for the citric acid cycle (Kreb′s cycle). It is also a key precursor in lipid biosynthesis, and the source of all fatty acid carbons. Acetyl-CoA positively regulates the activity pyruvate carboxylase. It is a precursor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Histone acetylases (HAT) use Acetyl-CoA as the donor for the acetyl group use in the post-translational acetylation reactions of histone and non-histone proteins.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Citric Acid Cycle

Acetyl-CoA enters a cycle whose discovery by Hans Krebs 70 years ago marked a milestone in biochemistry. The citric acid cycle is also termed the tricarboxylic acid cycle, TCA cycle or Krebs cycle (s...
BioFiles 2007, 2.6, 16.
Keywords: Addition reactions, Biochemistry, Biofiles, Catalysis, Citric Acid Cycle, Decarboxylations, Dehydration reaction, Hydration reaction, Metabolites, Oxidations, Phosphorylations

Fatty Acid Synthesis and Metabolism in Cancer Cells

Proliferatively active cells require fatty acids for functions such as membrane generation, protein modification, and bioenergetic requirements. These fatty acids are derived either from dietary sour...
Keywords: Apoptosis, Biofiles, Cancer, Carboxylations, Catalysis, Citric Acid Cycle, Gene expression, Glycolysis, Metabolism, Oxidations, PAGE, Phosphorylations

Glutamine Metabolism is Dysregulated in Many Cancer Cells

Proliferatively active cells require both a source of carbon and of nitrogen for the synthesis of macromolecules. Although a large proportion of tumor cells utilize aerobic glycolysis and shunt metab...
Keywords: Aerobic, Biofiles, Cancer, Citric Acid Cycle, Gene expression, Glycolysis, Metabolism, Metabolites, PAGE, Phosphorylations, Support, Transcription

Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Metabolic Defects

Defects in mitochondrial function are associated with insulin resistance in both human and animal studies. Insulin resistance is associated with a decrease in the number, oxidative capacity, size, an...
Keywords: Acetylations, Apoptosis, Biofiles, Cancer, Carboxylations, Catalog, Catalysis, Citric Acid Cycle, Decarboxylations, Degradations, Diabetes, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Glycolysis, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Lipid Metabolism, Metabolism, Metabolites, Neurotransmitters, Obesity, Oxidations, Phosphorylations, Physiological Processes, Protocols, Transcription, Transduction, Transfection, Western blot

Pyruvate Transformations

Depending on the environmental conditions, e.g. whether oxygen is present or not, pyruvate, a product of glucose metabolism, can undergo different biotransformations as shown in Figure 2. Under reduc...
BioFiles 2007, 2.6, 10.
Keywords: Anaerobic, Biofiles, Catalysis, Environmental, Metabolism

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Chloramphenicol Acetyltransferase

To standardize a procedure for the determination of the enzymatic assay of Chloramphenicol Acetyltransferase.
Keywords: Enzyme activity, Enzymology, Extinction coefficient

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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