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C1235 Sigma

Cholesterol Oxidase microbial

recombinant, expressed in E. coli, lyophilized powder, ≥50 units/mg protein

Synonym: Cholesterol: oxygen oxidoreductase

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Description

Packaging

100 units in glass bottle

Preparation Note

Dissolves in cold 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0. Solution is to be prepared just before use.

Unit Definition

One unit will convert 1.0 μmol of cholesterol to 4-cholesten-3-one per minute at 37 °C and pH 7.0 in a peroxidase linked system.

Physical form

Contains phosphate and EDTA.

Application

Cholesterol oxidase is used to determine serum cholesterol. The enzyme also finds application in the microanalysis of steroids in food samples and in distinguishing 3-ketosteroids from 3b-hydroxysteroids. Transgenic plants expressing cholesterol oxidase are being investigated in the fight against the cotton boll weevil. CHOD has also been used as a molecular probe to elucidate cellular membrane structures.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cholesterol oxidase (CHOD) is a monomeric flavoprotein containing FAD that catalyzes the first step in cholesterol catabolism. This bifunctional enzyme oxidizes cholesterol to cholest-5-en-3-one in an FAD-requiring step. This is subsequently isomerized to cholest-4-en-3-one with the release of H2O2. Optimum pH of the enzyme is 7.0. Hg2+, Ag+, ionic detergents inhibit the enzyme activity.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
Protocols & Articles

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Cholesterol Oxidase

To standardize a procedure for the determination of the enzymatic assay of Cholesterol Oxidase.
Keywords: Enzyme activity, Extinction coefficient, Isomerizations

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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