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C1857 Sigma

Citric acid

meets USP testing specifications, anhydrous

  • CAS Number 77-92-9

  • Linear Formula HOC(COOH)(CH2COOH)2

  • Molecular Weight 192.12

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 782061

  •  EC Number 201-069-1

  •  MDL number MFCD00011669

  • Popular Documents:  FTNMR (PDF)  

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Properties

Related Categories Analytical/Chromatography, Biochemicals and Reagents, Biological Buffers, Buffers A to Z, Cell Biology,
grade   anhydrous
assay   99.5-100.5% anhydrous basis
expl. lim.   8 %, 65 °F
pKa    (1) 3.13, (2) 4.76, (3) 6.4
mp   153-159 °C(lit.)
suitability   meets USP testing specifications

Description

Application

In addition to its function as an iron chelator, citrate can support cholesterol/sterol, ubiquinone and isoprenoid biosynthesis in cell culture applications.

Price and Availability

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Citric acid

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, E330, anhydrous, 99.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)

Succinic acid

puriss., ≥99% (alkalimetric)

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
Hazard Codes (Europe) 
Xi
Risk Statements (Europe) 
36
Safety Statements (Europe) 
26
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
GE7350000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Determination of Water Content in Citric acid anhydrous Using Karl Fischer Titration

Group(s): Carboxylic Acids, Cosmetic Products + Compounds, Pharmaceutical Products + Compounds
Keywords: Esterifications, Pharmaceutical, Titrations

Peer-Reviewed Papers

References

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Electrodeposition of nanocrystalline Ni-W coatings with citric acid system. Du J, Xu L, Chen B, et al. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 690-3, (2013)

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Twenty-four-hour urine constituents in stone formers: a study from the northeast part of Peninsular Malaysia. Hussein NS, Sadiq SM, Kamaliah MD, et al. Saudi J. Kidney Dis. Transpl. 24(3), 630-7, (2013)

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Deficiency in SLC25A1, encoding the mitochondrial citrate carrier, causes combined D-2- and L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria. Nota B, Struys EA, Pop A, et al. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 92(4), 627-31, (2013)

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Enamel protection from acid challenge--benefits of marketed fluoride dentifrices. Faller RV and Eversole SL J. Clin. Dent. 24(1), 25-30, (2013)

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Colorimetric and fluorescent chemosensor for citrate based on a rhodamine and Pb2+ complex in aqueous solution. Li CY, Zhou Y, Li YF, et al. Anal. Chim. Acta 774, 79-84, (2013)

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Peptidomic analysis of human blood specimens: comparison between plasma specimens and serum by differential peptide display. Tammen H, Schulte I, Hess R, et al. Proteomics 5(13), 3414-22, (2005)

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The lifespan-promoting effect of acetic acid and Reishi polysaccharide. Ming-Hong Chuang et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. 17, 7831-40, (2009)

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Fluorescence imaging enabled urethane-doped citrate-based biodegradable elastomers. Zhang Y, Tran RT, Qattan IS, et al. Biomaterials 34(16), 4048-56, (2013)

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Discovery of novel lipophilic inhibitors of OXA-10 enzyme (class D beta-lactamase) by screening amino analogs and homologs of citrate and isocitrate. Joséphine Beck et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 19, 3593-7, (2009)

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Monoclonal antibody heterogeneity analysis and deamidation monitoring with high-performance cation-exchange chromatofocusing using simple, two component buffer systems. Kang X, Kutzko JP, Hayes ML, et al. J. Chromatogr. A 1283, 89-97, (2013)

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Testosterone and prolactin regulation of metabolic genes and citrate metabolism of prostate epithelial cells. Costello LC and Franklin RB Horm. Metab. Res. 34(8), 417-24, (2002)

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Contributions of citrate in redox potential maintenance and ATP production: metabolic pathways and their regulation in Lactobacillus panis PM1. Kang TS, Korber DR, and Tanaka T Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 97(19), 8693-703, (2013)

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The effect of sodium bicarbonate upon urinary citrate excretion in calcium stone formers. Pinheiro VB, Baxmann AC, Tiselius HG, et al. Urology 82(1), 33-7, (2013)

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Molecular modifications on carboxylic acid derivatives as potent histone deacetylase inhibitors: Activity and docking studies. Gamze Bora-Tatar et al Bioorg. Med. Chem. 17, 5219-28, (2009)

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Photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by citric and oxalic acids over biogenetic jarosite. Xu Z, Bai S, Liang J, et al. Mater. Sci. Eng. C. Mater. Biol. Appl. 33(4), 2192-6, (2013)

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Rhabdomyolysis-related renal tubular damage studied by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of urine. Bairaktari E, Seferiadis K, Liamis G, et al. Clin. Chem. 48(7), 1106-9, (2002)

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1H NMR characterization of normal human cerebrospinal fluid and the detection of methylmalonic acid in a vitamin B12 deficient patient. Commodari F, Arnold DL, Sanctuary BC, et al. NMR Biomed. 4(4), 192-200, (1991)

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Effect of EDTA and citric acid on phytoremediation of Cr- B[a]P-co-contaminated soil. Chigbo C and Batty L Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 20(12), 8955-63, (2013)

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New decontamination method based on caprylic acid in combination with citric acid or vanillin for eliminating Cronobacter sakazakii and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in reconstituted infant formula. Choi MJ, Kim SA, Lee NY, et al. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 166(3), 499-507, (2013)

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Systematic study of alginate-based microcapsules by micropipette aspiration and confocal fluorescence microscopy. Kleinberger RM, Burke NA, Dalnoki-Veress K, et al. Mater. Sci. Eng. C. Mater. Biol. Appl. 33(7), 4295-304, (2013)

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Metabolic responses to iron deficiency in roots of Carrizo citrange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck. x Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf]. Martínez-Cuenca MR, Iglesias DJ, Talón M, et al. Tree Physiol. 33(3), 320-9, (2013)

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Experimental stability analysis of different water-based nanofluids. Laura Fedele et al Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6, 300, (2011)

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Sensitivity analysis for studying the relation between biochemical reactions and metabolic phenotypes. Maj C, Mosca E, Merelli I, et al. J. Bioinform. Comput. Biol. 11(1), 1340002, (2013)

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Urinary and plasma organic acids and amino acids in chronic fatigue syndrome. Jones MG, Cooper E, Amjad S, et al. Clin. Chim. Acta 361(1-2), 150-8, (2005)

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Citrate and mineral metabolism: kidney stones and bone disease. Caudarella R, Vescini F, Buffa A, et al. Front. Biosci. 8, s1084-106, (2003)

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GC/TOFMS analysis of metabolites in serum and urine reveals metabolic perturbation of TCA cycle in db/db mice involved in diabetic nephropathy. Li M, Wang X, Aa J, et al. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. 304(11), F1317-24, (2013)

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Semen quality and reproductive endocrine function with regard to blood cadmium in Croatian male subjects. Jurasović J, Cvitković P, Pizent A, et al. Biometals 17(6), 735-43, (2004)

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Blood platelet kinetics and platelet transfusion. Aster RH J. Clin. Invest. 123(11), 4564-5, (2013)

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Percentage exposure of root dentin collagen after application of two irrigation protocols with manual or rotary instrumentation and two methacrylate resin-based sealers. González-López S, Martín-Altuve E, Bolaños-Carmona V, et al. J. Adhes. Dent. 15(5), 481-9, (2013)

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Effect of citric acid deamidation on in vitro digestibility and antioxidant properties of wheat gluten. Qiu C, Sun W, Cui C, et al. Food Chem. 141(3), 2772-8, (2013)

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Standardized method for high-resolution 1H-NMR of cerebrospinal fluid. Wevers RA, Engelke U, Wendel U, et al. Clin. Chem. 41(5), 744-51, (1995)

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An investigation of the immediate and storage effects of chemical treatments on Campylobacter and sensory characteristics of poultry meat. Meredith H, Walsh D, McDowell DA, et al. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 166(2), 309-15, (2013)

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Reclamation of copper-contaminated soil using EDTA or citric acid coupled with dissolved organic matter solution extracted from distillery sludge. Liu CC and Lin YC Environ. Pollut. 178, 97-101, (2013)

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Thorium(IV) removal from aqueous medium by citric acid treated mangrove endophytic fungus Fusarium sp. #ZZF51. Yang SK, Tan N, Yan XM, et al. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 74(1), 213-9, (2013)

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Effect of media components on cell growth and bacterial cellulose production from Acetobacter aceti MTCC 2623. Dayal MS, Goswami N, Sahai A, et al. Carbohydr. Polym. 94(1), 12-6, (2013)

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Do rhizospheric processes linked to P nutrition participate in U absorption by Lupinus albus grown in hydroponics? Tailliez A, Pierrisnard S, Camilleri V, et al. J. Environ. Radioact. 124, 255-65, (2013)

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Nanoparticle film assemblies as platforms for electrochemical biosensing--factors affecting the amperometric signal enhancement of hydrogen peroxide. Schmidt AR, Nguyen ND, and Leopold MC Langmuir 29(14), 4574-83, (2013)

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Protons are one of the limiting factors in determining sensitivity of nano surface-assisted (+)-mode LDI MS analyses. Cho E, Ahn M, Kim YH, et al. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 24(10), 1489-92, (2013)

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Effect of different concentrations of acetic, citric, and propionic acid dipping solutions on bacterial contamination of raw chicken skin. Menconi A, Shivaramaiah S, Huff GR, et al. Poult. Sci. 92(8), 2216-20, (2013)

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The impact of peripheral arterial disease on circulating platelets. McBane RD, Karnicki K, Miller RS, et al. Thromb. Res. 113(2), 137-45, (2004)

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Citrate milling of oxides: from poly-dispersed micron scale to nearly mono-dispersed nanoscale. Shaikh PA, Banerjee A, Game O, et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(14), 5091-6, (2013)

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Decontamination treatments can increase the prevalence of resistance to antibiotics of Escherichia coli naturally present on poultry. Capita R, Alvarez-Fernández E, Fernández-Buelta E, et al. Food Microbiol. 34(1), 112-7, (2013)

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Effects of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist Roxifiban on P-selectin expression, fibrinogen binding, and microaggregate formation in a phase I dose-finding study: no evidence for platelet activation during treatment with a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist. Seiffert D, Thomas BE, Bradley JD, et al. Platelets 14(3), 179-87, (2003)

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Investigating oxidative stress and inflammatory responses elicited by silver nanoparticles using high-throughput reporter genes in HepG2 cells: effect of size, surface coating, and intracellular uptake. Prasad RY, McGee JK, Killius MG, et al. Toxicol. In Vitro 27(6), 2013-21, (2013)

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Up-regulation and interaction of the plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase and the 14-3-3 protein are involved in the regulation of citrate exudation from the broad bean (Vicia faba L.) under Al stress. Chen Q, Guo CL, Wang P, et al. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 70, 504-11, (2013)

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Major factors modulating the serum oxalic acid level in hemodialysis patients. Ogawa Y, Machida N, Jahana M, et al. Front. Biosci. 9, 2901-8, (2004)

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Proteomic analysis of a high aluminum tolerant yeast Rhodotorula taiwanensis RS1 in response to aluminum stress. Wang C, Wang CY, Zhao XQ, et al. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1834(10), 1969-75, (2013)

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High performance B doped BiVO4 photocatalyst with visible light response by citric acid complex method. Wang M, Zheng H, Liu Q, et al. Spectrochim. Acta. A. Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 114, 74-9, (2013)

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Property changes of urinary nanocrystallites and urine of uric acid stone formers after taking potassium citrate. Zhang GN, Ouyang JM, Xue JF, et al. Mater. Sci. Eng. C. Mater. Biol. Appl. 33(7), 4039-45, (2013)

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Improved preservation of coagulation factors after pre-storage leukocyte depletion of whole blood. Solheim BG, Flesland O, Brosstad F, et al. Transfus. Apher. Sci. 29(2), 133-9, (2003)

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Cationic albumin-conjugated magnetite nanoparticles, novel candidate for hyperthermia cancer therapy. Cheraghipour E and Javadpour S Int. J. Hyperthermia 29(6), 511-9, (2013)

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Study of plasma exchange for liver failure: beneficial and harmful effects. Abe T, Kobata H, Hanba Y, et al. Ther. Apher. Dial. 8(3), 180-4, (2004)

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In vivo 31P-MRS assessment of muscle-pH, cytolsolic-[Mg2+] and phosphorylation potential after supplementing hypokaliuric renal stone patients with potassium and magnesium salts. Mairiang E, Hanpanich P, and Sriboonlue P Magn. Reson. Imaging 22(5), 715-9, (2004)

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Platelet characteristics associated with coronary artery disease. McBane RD, Karnicki K, Tahirkheli N, et al. J. Thromb. Haemost. 1(6), 1296-303, (2003)

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Analysis of factors influencing the blood levels and activities of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA). Wei R, Han JJ, Bai B, et al. Clin. Hemorheol. Microcirc. 29(3-4), 351-6, (2003)

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Citric acid induces cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis of human immortalized keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) via caspase- and mitochondrial-dependent signaling pathways. Ying TH, Chen CW, Hsiao YP, et al. Anticancer Res. 33(10), 4411-20, (2013)

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Structural analysis for glycolipid recognition by the C-type lectins Mincle and MCL. Furukawa A, Kamishikiryo J, Mori D, et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 110(43), 17438-43, (2013)

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[The cancer tumor: a metabolic parasite?]. Icard P and Lincet H Bull. Cancer 100(5), 427-33, (2013)

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Metabolic risk factors and the effect of metaphylaxis in pediatric stone disease with hypocitraturia. Karsli O, Izol V, Aridogan IA, et al. Urolithiasis 41(1), 9-13, (2013)

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The secretion of organic acids is also regulated by factors other than aluminum. Ding H, Wen D, Fu Z, et al. Environ. Monit. Assess. 186(2), 1123-31, (2014)

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Merck 14,2326

Beil. 3,IV,1272

Aldrich MSDS 1, 477:A / Arctander, 657 / Corp MSDS 1 (1), 892:B / FT-IR 1 (1), 524:B / FT-IR 2 (1), 812:D / FT-NMR 1 (1), 814:A / Fenaroli / IR-Spectra (3), 307:B / IR-Spectra (2), 276:H / NMR-Reference 2 (1), 458:D / RegBook 1 (1), 569:H / Sax 6, 796 / Sigma FT-IR 1 (2), 401:D / Structure Index 1, 81:B:6

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27109 Citric acid, meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, E330, anhydrous, 99.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)

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