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C3556 Sigma

Catalase from human erythrocytes

≥90% (SDS-PAGE), buffered aqueous solution, ≥30,000 units/mg protein

Synonym: H2O2:H2O2 oxidoreductase

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Description

Analysis Note

Protein determined by biuret

Biochem/physiol Actions

Catalase activates the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, a reactive oxygen species, into water and oxygen. It functions as a natural antioxidant, protecting cells against oxidative damage to proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. Catalase has also been used to study the role reactive oxygen species play in gene expression and apoptosis.

Each subunit of the tetramer contains iron bound to a protoheme IX group. The enzyme also strongly binds NADP, which is in close proximity to the heme group. Catalase activity is constant over the pH range of 4.0-8.5. The pI is found to be 5.4. Optimum pH for catalytic activity is 7.0. The enzyme activity is inhibited by 3-amino-1-H-1,2,4 triazole, cyanide, azide, hydroxylamine, cyanogen bromide, 2-mercaptoethanol, dithiothreitol, dianisidine, and nitrate. Incubation of catalase with ascorbate or ascorbate/Cu2+ results in degradation of the catalase molecule.

Unit Definition

One unit will decompose 1.0 μmole of H2O2 per min at pH 7.0 at 25 °C, while the H2O2 conc. falls from 10.3 to 9.2 mM, measured by the rate of decrease of A240.

Physical form

Solution in 50 mM Tris, pH 8.0

Price and Availability

Suggested Laboratory Gloves


Laboratory GlovesThis substance has been tested against several types of hand protection for CE compliance. Click below to find the recommended gloves for handling this product.




All labs need water
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
FI4378000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Cellular Derived Blood Proteins and Enzymes

Cell damage is induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS are either free radicals, reactive anions containing oxygen atoms, or molecules containing oxygen atoms that can either produce free radic...
BioFiles 2006, 1.5, 4.
Keywords: Aerobic, Alzheimer Disease, Bacterial conjugations, Biofiles, Cancer, Metabolism, Oxidations, Parkinson Disease, Reductions, Respiration

Mitochondrial Stress and ROS

Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of lipotoxicity in both animal and human studies. Chronic oxidative stress is linked to insulin resistance in multiple tissues. Oxidative stress is ...
BioFiles 2011, 6.4, 22.
Keywords: Anti-inflammatory agents, Apoptosis, Cancer, Cell signaling, Cellular processes, Gene expression, Indicators, Metabolism, Oxidations, Respiratory

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Catalase (EC 1.11.1.6)

The continuous spectrophotometric rate reduction determination (A240, Light path = 1 cm) is based on the following reaction:
Keywords: Reductions

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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