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C40 Sigma

Catalase from bovine liver

lyophilized powder, ≥10,000 units/mg protein

Synonym: H2O2:H2O2 oxidoreductase

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Properties

Related Categories 1.11.1.6 Catalase, 1.x.x.x Oxidoreductases, Biochemicals and Reagents, Enzyme Class Index, Enzymes, Inhibitors, and Substrates More...
Quality Level   ELITE
form   lyophilized powder
mol wt   tetramer mol wt ~250 kDa
contains   ≤0.2 wt. % Thymol
isoelectric point   5.4
solubility   50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0: soluble2.0 mg/mL
shipped in   wet ice
storage temp.   −20°C
Gene Information   cow ... CAT(280743)

Description

Components

Catalase from bovine liver is a tetramer consisting of 4 equal subunits each with a 60 kDa molecular weight. Each of these subunits contains iron bound to a protoheme IX group. The enzyme will also strongly bind to NADP, where NADP and the heme group are within 13.7 angstroms.

Application

Catalase acts as a natural antioxidant to study the roles of reactive oxygen species in gene expression and apoptosis. It has also been used to protect against oxidative damage to proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Industrially, catalses have been used to remove hydrogen peroxide added to milk and cheese, in textile bleaching, and to examine its positive effects on the viability of DNA-repair mutants of E. coli.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Catalase catalyzes the degradation of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. It can also react with alkylhydrogen peroxides, such as methylperoxide and ethylperoxide and the second H2O2 molecule can be replaced by methanol, ethanol, propanol, formate and nitrate as a hydrogen donor.

Catalase activity is constant over the pH range of 4.0-8.5. The enzyme activity is inhibited by 3-amino-1-H-1,2,4 triazole, cyanide, azide, hydroxylamine, cyanogen bromide, 2-mercaptoethanol, dithiothreitol, dianisidine, and nitrate. Incubation of catalase with ascorbate or ascorbate/Cu2+ results in degradation of the catalase molecule.

Caution

Solutions of catalse should not be frozen. Frozen solution will result in a 50-70% loss of activity.

Packaging

1 g in poly bottle

100, 500 mg in poly bottle

Unit Definition

One unit will decompose 1.0 μmole of H2O2 per min at pH 7.0 at 25 °C, while the H2O2 concentration falls from 10.3 to 9.2 mM, measured by the rate of decrease of A240.

Price and Availability

Suggested Laboratory Gloves


Laboratory GlovesThis substance has been tested against several types of hand protection for CE compliance. Click below to find the recommended gloves for handling this product.




Available in ELITE Grade
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
FI4378000
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Cellular Derived Blood Proteins and Enzymes

Cell damage is induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS are either free radicals, reactive anions containing oxygen atoms, or molecules containing oxygen atoms that can either produce free radic...
BioFiles 2006, 1.5, 4.
Keywords: Aerobic, Alzheimer Disease, Bacterial conjugations, Biofiles, Cancer, Metabolism, Oxidations, Parkinson Disease, Reductions, Respiration

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of Catalase (EC 1.11.1.6)

The continuous spectrophotometric rate reduction determination (A240, Light path = 1 cm) is based on the following reaction:
Keywords: Reductions

Related Content

Enzymes & Proteins

Application Index | Enzyme Index | Substrate Index | Inhibitor Index | Cofactor Index | Lectin Index
Keywords: Cell signaling, Diagnostic, Drug discovery, Molecular biology

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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