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C4102 Sigma

Clostridium difficile Toxin B

lyophilized powder

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Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

Toxin B is 100-1,000-fold more cytotoxic than toxin A in inducing rounding-up of cells and destruction of the actin cytoskeleton.

Clostridium difficile Toxin A and B, cation-dependent UDP-glucose glucosyltransferases, are cellular toxins that inactivate Rho (and Rho family small GTPases) through monoglucosylation of these family members. Effects of this monoglucosylation include disregulation of the actin cytoskeleton, cell rounding, cytotoxicity, and altered cellular signaling. Rho proteins are monoglucosylated by Toxin A and B using UDP-glucose as a cosubstrate. Rho, Rac and Cdc42 are included in the Rho subfamilies targeted by both toxins. Low molecular mass GTP-binding proteins that are not modified by Toxin A and B include Ras, Rab, Arf, or Ran subfamilies as well as heterotrimeric G proteins.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Cyclic Nucleotide research. Click here to discover more featured Cyclic Nucleotide products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is featured on the GTP Binding Proteins (Low Molecular Weight) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

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Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS06  GHS06
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN 3462 6.1 / PGI
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
XW5807300

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Cyclic Nucleotides

Transmission of an extracellular signal across the cell membrane is initiated by activation of many types of hormone and neurotransmitter receptors, such as G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), and c...
Keywords: Antivirals, Cancer, Cardiovascular, Cellular processes, Diabetes, Diseases, Hormones, Neurotransmitters

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